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題名:ANATOMICAL STUDIES ON THE BRAIN OF Macaca cyclopis (Swinhoe) Ⅰ. ENCEPHALOMETRY     (94點)
臺灣彌猴腦髓之解剖學的研究第Ⅰ報腦髓之計測
著者:Teh-Cheng Jou(周德程)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:生命科學
刊名:Biological Bulletin of National Taiwan Normal University
卷期:6期(1971.8)
頁碼:66-112
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

關于瑩灣獨猴腦隨之解剖學的研究迄今尚未有先人報告。:古者也f對其腦髓施予詳寵的觀察研究而將予閻明其外部形態和內部格造的特殊性,並願加予做一番的錢述和比較研究。 本研究計劃可分為I)腦髓之計測oll)腦髓之外部形態(腦溝,腦罔之形式) 0 III) 腦髓各部的內部榜造等。 本篇論文乃為本計劃一連串的工作中首先完成的腦髓計測部份O著者使用22隻墓,灣獨按之腦髓依照先人的計測方法從事詳細的計測後以統計學的方法算出其7fj勻值及u ' 0 本研究所獲的結果同時艾與其他猿類及人類之成績做比較研究。 :荐者盼望本研究能對靈長類腦l隨之解剖學的研究和發展有所員獻O主主將其:摘要發表於後,敬請惠予指正O (l)秉持獨猴之腦重為8 3. 1 3 grams ,其腦重與體豆豆之比率為1 : 5 6. 5 1 0 (2)其腦長為69 . 7 6 cm ' 腦寬為55. 8 6cm ' 腦i句為50. 2 3 cm 0 (3)其B r a i n module (Length十Breadth+Heightj3為;;(1 二58.62 '左= 58 . 6 1 0A Cerebral module (Length + Breadth + Heightj3) 為右=50.07 , 左二50.190 本{直乃較好i人接者為小。 (4)其C e ph a l i c index 為79.嗨, 而屬於mesocephalic type. (5'其Temr; o r a l depth為布=20.88 '左= 2 0. 9 30*佑在比較翠r p {(i:I巨大。 (6) 依Sh im a d a 氏分類法知悉奎灣獨猴之腦高為Lowe r type '其半球寬度不I '分膨大而屬於孔!f i d d l e type-b 。 (7)其Pro j ec t i v e upper & lower frontorolandicindices為右= 是5.90 '左= 45 .42。本值乃較人韻, Chimpanzee 和Orang -u t an者為大。 (8)臺灣獨猴之腦髓具有較大的Fro n t al length及oc c i pi t al length '而屬於Fr o n t a l and oc自cital type. (9)胖脫體(腦提) 的面積為6 4. 77 mm2Callosum index 為27.25 。本值乃較人類和Chimpanzee 等為小O 叫其Ro l and i c angle 為右=67.60° ,左=64.50°, 。其Sylvian angle 為右=41.00° ,左=39.36° 。本值較犬而與人類者招為接近。 的中心濤對半球長度之示數為4 6 . 19。本{直似乎較Go r illa (75.00) 或人期(65.60-70.60)者為 的視床間橋的而積為5 1. 4 6mm2 a 其形狀為卵固或圓型者居多並且遠較人類者為發達。 (的拼間體長與' Ie球長之比率為2. 5 4 '本值乃典人類和類人猿者很接近。但阱月正體面積與其長度之比率為很小(2 . 3 4) 0 (I4)}j函幹角為12 8 . 5 4 ° (依B an氏法) ,和130.23° (依Sh ima d a氏法) a 本值乃較人類者為大O
The characteristic of the external morphology of twenty-two brains of Macaca cyclopis (Swinhoe) have been studied through a detailed scheme of encephalometry and the mean values and indices have been computed stastically with unbiased variance (u") The comparison has been also made with other five species of the primates. The results of measurements can be summarized as below: 1) The absolute brain weight of Macaca cyclopis is fairly small (83.15 grams in average), but its ratio to the body weight is relatively large (1:56.51). 2) The brain size is about 69.76mm long, 55.86mm broad, and its height is 50.23mm. 3) The brain module (Length + Breadth + Height/3) is 58.62 in right side and 58.61 in left side. The cerebral module (L+B+ H/3) is quite smaller than those of the anthropoid apes (right side is 50.07, and left side is 50.19). 4) The cephalic index is mesocephalic type (79.98). 5) The temporal depth index shows the largest value (right side=20.88, left side= 20.93) among the compared group. 6) According to Shimada's classification, the brain height belong to the lower type and the breadth of hemisphere is not fairly swollen and belongs to the middle type-b. 7) The average value of the projective upper and lower fronto-rolandic indices related to Macaca cyclopis (right side =45.90, left side=45.42) is somewhat larger than that of man, chimpanzee and orangoutan. 8) The brain of Macaca cyclopis shows a relatively large frontal and occipital length and seems to belong to both the frontal and occipital type. 9) The area of the corpus callosum is 64.77mm2, and the callosum index (27.25) is clearly smaller than that of man and chimpanzee. 10) The Rolandic and Sylvian angles to the lateral horizontal line of Macaca cyclopis are also relatively large (Rolandic: right side= 67.60°, left side= 64.50°. Sylvian: right side =41.00°, left side=39.36°) and seems to show a close approximation to those of human brain. 11) The index of the central sulcus to the length of hemisphere is 46.19 and seems to show apparently smaller than that of gorilla (75.0) or man(65.6-70.6). 12) The area of adhaesio interthalamica is 51.46mm2 and is generally between oval and round in shape and is remarkably developed than that of the human 13) The relation of length between the callosum and the cerebral found in Macaca cyclopis is 2.54 appears to show a very with that of man and anthropoid While the value of area/length of callosum for Macaca cyclopis is small (2.34). 14) The brain stem angle shows to conaiderbly larger value (128.540 by method and 130.23) by Shimada's than the human brain.


    

本卷期目次
Biological Bulletin of National Taiwan Normal University 6期 (1971.8)
The Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS) Reaction in Embryonic Eyes Cultured on the Chorio-Allantoic Membrane/ Doris B. WilsonKwo-Yih Yeh
酵母RNA對於鯽魚肌肉蛋白生成的效應/ 繆端生黃家烈
酵母RNA對臺灣牛蛙早期發生的影嚮/ 郝道猛
酵母RNA對小公雞血紅素及紅血球數量的影嚮/ 黃達三
家冤的性週期及生殖行為/ 鍾郡祥
Effects of the Proprioceptive Afferents from Masseteric Nerve on the Reflex Mechanism Controlling Hypoglossal Motoneuron Activity in the Cat/ Chin-Yih Wu
Isolation and Partial Characterization of Ribonucleic Acid of Mushroom Agaricus bisporus/ Shang HuangKuan-Jen Yang
ANATOMICAL STUDIES ON THE BRAIN OF Macaca cyclopis (Swinhoe) Ⅰ. ENCEPHALOMETRY/ Teh-Cheng Jou
Environmental Factors Affecting the Early Development of the Sea Urchin (Tripneustes gratilla)/ Wilfred J. WilsonKwo-Yih Yeh
 
   
 
   

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