原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:心臟移植術後病人症狀困擾、社會支持與自我照顧行為相關之探討    
The Relationships of Symptom Distress, Social Support and Self-Care Behaviors in Heart Transplant Recipients
著者:汪素敏(Shu-Min Wang) ;顧乃平(Nai-Ping Ku) ;林幸台(Hsin-Tai Lin) ;魏崢(Jeng Wei)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:心臟移植 ; 症狀困擾 ; 社會支持 ; 自我照顧行為 ; heart transplantation ; symptom distress ; social support ; self-care behaviors
刊名:護理研究
卷期:6卷1期(1998.2)
頁碼:4-18
語言:繁體中文
摘要:
本研究係一敘述及相關性研究,目的在了解心臟移植術後病人症狀困擾、社會支持與自我照顧行為相關情形。於北部兩所醫學中心接受正位心臟移植手術後,出院返家且術後六個月(含)以上的病人為研究對象。本研究工具為一結構式問卷,共收集63份有效問卷。結果發現心臟移植術後病人自我照顧行為平均得分為62.02分(總分84分),各層面每題平均得分,依序為定期回院檢查追蹤、按時服藥、飲食控制、規則運動、預防感染、感染與排斥現象的觀察。症狀困擾方面,出現症狀頻率平均得分46.60分,症狀困擾程度平均得分35.36分(總分174分),皆與自我照顧行為各層面呈負相關。社會支持方面平均得分22.16分(總分48分),與自我照顧行為呈正相關。心臟移植術後病人的年齡、教育程度、婚姻狀況、症狀困擾及社會支持可解釋自我照顧行為在整體上為47.71%的變異量;在按時服藥上為35.05%的變異量;在現則運動上為22.95%的變異量;在飲食控制上為35.75%的變異量:在感染與排斥現象的觀察上為18.00%的變異量;在預防感染上為19.90%的變異量;在定期回院檢查追蹤上與任何變項具有預測力。
The main purpose of this research was to explore the relationships of symptom distress and social support with self- care behaviors in heart transplant recipients. This was a descriptive correlational research. Data were collected from outpatient departments of two medical center in Taipei or at patients' homes. The sample consisted of 63 adult patients who were 6 months after orthotopic heart transplantation with stable condition. The instruments were structured questionnaires. The major findings of this research were as follows: 'Self-Care Scale' mean score was 62.02. Clinic visits were found to be better than others including taking medication, diet control, regular exercise, infection preventive and observation of infection and rejection signs. 'Symptom Frequency Scale' mean score was 46. 60 and “Symptom Distress Scale” mean score was 35.36, both showing a negative relationship with self-care behaviors. 'Social Support Scale' mean score was 22.16 which showed a positive relationship with self-care behaviors. Findings indicate that 47.71% of the variance in whole self-care behaviors can be predicted by age, education, marriage of patients, symptom distress and social support; 35.05% of the variance in taking medication; 22.95% of the variance in regular exercise; 35.75% of the variance in diet control; 18.00% of the variance in observation of infection and rejection signs; 19.90% of the variance in preventive infection; no variance in clinic visits.


    

本卷期目次
護理研究 6卷1期 (1998.2)
護理人員工作相關灌能之探討-比較護理人員實際感受與期望間之差異/ 王秀珍盧美秀
自我效能、社會支持與糖尿病病人居家自我照顧行為相關之探討/ 陳滋茨張媚林豔君
心臟移植術後病人症狀困擾、社會支持與自我照顧行為相關之探討/ 汪素敏顧乃平林幸台魏崢
比較護理長自覺具備的管理技能與護理人員認知間之差異/ 魏玲玲盧美秀
住院愛滋病思健康照護需求量表發展之前驅研究/ 王世麗林麗嬋郭英調
 
   
 
   

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