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題名:嫖客對愛滋病知識、態度與行爲之研究    
A Study on Brothel Clients’ Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior Toward AIDS
著者:李媚媚(Mei-Mei Lee) ;尹祚芊(Teresa J.C. Yin) ;郭英調(Benjamin Ing-Tiau Kuo)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:嫖客 ; 愛滋病 ; 知識 ; 態度 ; 行爲 ; brothel clients ; AIDS ; knowledge ; attitude ; behavior
刊名:護理研究
卷期:8卷1期(2000.2)
頁碼:37-48
語言:繁體中文
摘要:
本研究的目的在探討嫖客對愛滋病防治的知識、態度與行爲之現況與其預防行爲相關因素。本研究爲橫斷式研究,採用自擬的結構式問卷,於台北市之公娼與私娼地區,以立意取樣法收集203位樣本之相關資料。經統計分析後,研究結果顯示:嫖客在知識部分管對率爲69.5%,其中以「愛滋病是傳染性疾病」與「愛滋病的檢查方法」的認識得分最高,「易感染群」與「政府指定膛滋病篩檢場所」的認識得分最低。在態度方面,整體的態度傾向沒有意見。在預防愛滋病的行方面,嫖客在性交易時每次都會接受性工作者要求使用保險套佔71.6%,嫖客所遇到的性工作者未要求戴上保險套時,每一次都會主動使用保險套佔51.2%,另嫖客與其他性伴侶保險套的使用佔12.3%,從未檢查過愛滋病者佔67.7%。嫖客保險套使用情形與嫖客的年齡、婚姻、教育程度、職業、平均每月收入、罹患性病的情形與飲酒、藥物濫用及態度有顯著的相關,然愛滋病的預防行爲則與知識無關。
The purpose of this study was to investigate brothel clients' knowledge of, and attitude and behavior toward AIDS, and to identify the related factors affecting preventive behavior. This study used a cross-sectional design. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire answered by 203 participants who frequented legal and illegal brothels in Taipei. Obtained by means of statistical analysis, the major findings of this study were: about the clients knowledge of AIDS, the rate of correct answers was 69.5%. Knowledge about AIDS as a transmitted disease and about AIDS screening methods scored the highest; knowledge about the most vulnerable population and government-appointed screening centers scored the lowest. Attitude towards AIDS tends to be neutral overall. As to preventive behavior, 71.6% of the participants routinely accepted a prostitute's request to use a condom and 51.2% of participants routinely used condoms on their own initiative. But the study found that only 12.3% of participants routinely used condom with other sexual partners, and 67.7% had never been tesed for HIV. Participants' use of condoms was significantly related to age, marital status, educational level, occupation, average income, past history of having sexually transmitted diseases, alcohol consumption, drug abuse and the attitude toward AIDS. However, the participants' preventive behavior was not found to be significantly related to knowledge of AIDS.


    

本卷期目次
護理研究 8卷1期 (2000.2)
兩種教育方案介入對工作場所婦女接受子宮頸抹片檢查之知識、健康信念及行爲的影響/ 黃秀梨張媚
因逕分析的概念與方法/ 王秀紅
輕中度和重度肺功能障礙慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者運動自我效能和運動測試結果比較之探討/ 鄭綺楊小娟蔡仁貞
早産兒返家照顧初期母親所經歷之家庭壓力經驗/ 陳素瑩穆佩芬夏萍絗黃碧桃
嫖客對愛滋病知識、態度與行爲之研究/ 李媚媚尹祚芊郭英調
Evaluation of a Continuing Education Program Using Mintzberg’s Role Model for Enhancing Nurse Managers’ Work Competence: A Preliminary Report/ Li-Chuan LeeHei-Chain TangLu PaiMeei-Shiow LuYi-Ching Tang
産婦對於傳統醫療中有關産後調理的態度及行爲之研究/ 陳麗麗王純娟
癌症疼痛生理感覺特質與疾病不確定感關係之探討/ 蔡琇文賴裕和陳美伶陳主智
中年婦女之停經經驗與自我照顧行爲/ 李逸王秀紅
等待心臓移植患者的壓力源、因應行爲及相關影響因素/ 廖如文顧乃平
青少年癌症患者的住院經驗/ 鄭美玲陳彰惠周汎澔
 
   
 
   

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