原名「台灣學術線上」
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1
題名:護理之家施行約束縮減方案之成效    
The Outcomes of Restraint Reduction Program in Nursing Homes
著者:葉淑惠(Shu-Hui Yeh) ;林麗味(Li-Wei Lin) ;王興耀(Shing-Yaw Wang) ;吳淑如(Shu-Zu Wu) ;林昭宏(Jau-Hong Lin) ;蔡富棉(Fu-Mian Tsai)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:成效 ; 約束縮減方案 ; 護理之家 ; outcomes ; restraint reduction program ; nursing homes
刊名:護理研究
卷期:9卷2期(2001.4)
頁碼:183-193
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

國內護理人家入住的老人有些被長年約束在床或輪椅上,生活品質不良,極待改善。本研究采前實驗研究法測試在護理之家施行約束縮減教育方案的成效,以高雄地區立案的護理之家,隨機抽取3家進行介入措施,介入措施期間由老人護理教師到護理之家帶領該機構行政人員、工作人員、老人及家屬進行去除老人身體約束的教導共2次,並由物理治療師及老人精神科醫師各一名,提供3次的平衡運動及老人問題行為的教導及諮商。一個月的介入措施進行的前三天、及完成的三天后進行約束教育成效包括入住老人受約束情況、跌倒、壓瘡、平衡反應、精神藥物的使用、躁動次數及護理人員約束知識之測量。研究發現施行介入措施後老人身休約束比率及躁動次數有顯著下降,老人跌倒、褥瘡及平衡反應沒有顯示改變,護理工作人員約束知識得分有顯著地增加,此結果可供國內護理之縮減約束的模式,並促進老人照護品質。
One of the problems in nursing home care in Taiwan is resident restraint, including physical and chemical restraints. This pre-experimental study was conducted to investigate whether a restraint reduction program could reduce the prevalence of restraint in nursing homes. Three registered nursing homes were randomly selected from nursing homes in the Kaohsiung area. Staff and residents of these nursing homes were educated in restraint alternatives, balance training and managing behavior problems in one month of interventions. Three days before and after interventions, prevalence of restraints, falls, and of pressure sores, balance reaction, frequency of agitation, use of psychotic drugs, as well as the restraint knowledge of the nursing staff, was measured. After the restraint reduction program, the prevalence of restraint and frequency of resident agitation decreased significantly. The prevalence of falls and pressure sores of residents was not changed significantly. The restraint knowledge of the nursing staff significantly increased after the restraint reduction program. The information from this study led to a better strategy to reduce restraint for the elderly in nursing homes. The results could also provide a model to improve the quality of care in nursing homes in Taiwan.


    

本卷期目次
護理研究 9卷2期 (2001.4)
Validation of the Chinese Version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale: Detecting Postnatal Depression in Taiwanese Women/ Shu-Shya Heh
重型β海洋性貧血青少年疾病知識、社會支持與自我照顧行爲之探討/ 楊惠娟陳月枝毛新春林凱信
單位分享自治模式之建立與實施成效/ 李春蘭楊克平吳聖良李麗傳
乳癌婦女治療後婚姻調適及其相關因素探討/ 鍾美玲顧乃平吳肖琪趙祖怡陽琪
長期血液透析病患之無助感、社會支持與自我照顧行爲之相關探討/ 李瑜弘王瑞霞
初患心肌梗塞病人不確定感與焦慮反應-因應行爲效應之探討/ 許淑蓮
兒童經歷開心手術治療過程母親的壓力源及因應行爲/ 李淑莉陳月枝
護理之家施行約束縮減方案之成效/ 葉淑惠林麗味王興耀吳淑如林昭宏蔡富棉
 
   
 
   

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