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題名:Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Symptoms in the Elderly of Rural Communities in Southern Taiwan    
南台灣鄉間居家老人之精神憂鬱及其相關因素之探討
著者:Jing-Jy Wang(王靜枝)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:精神憂鬱 ; 人口學特質 ; 生活壓力源 ; 鄉間老人 ; depressive symptoms ; demographic characteristics ; life stressor ; rural elders
刊名:The Journal of Nursing Research
卷期:9卷3期(2001.6)
頁碼:1-12
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本研究之目的在探討南台灣鄉間老人之精神憂鬱程度及盛行率,人口學特質對憂鬱程度之影響,及生活壓力源與憂鬱程度之相關性。本研究探橫斷式研究設計,藉由一對一面對面會談法,收集195位居住於南部鄉間老人的資料。研究工具包括老人憂鬱短量表(GDS-SF)及台灣老人壓力源量表(TESI),分別測量個案精神憂鬱的程度與盛行率,及壓力源。研究結果顯示,57%的個案之 GDS-SF 分數在7分或以上(M=7.58;SD=3.89),表示大多數個案有精神憂鬱的情況。性別、教育程度、婚姻狀況、居住情形和社會經濟地位則會影響老人精神憂鬱程度。女性較男性易患憂鬱。不識字者、鰥寡孤獨者、無伴同居住者、及低收入者憂鬱程度較高。本研究亦發現憂鬱和疼痛、不舒適、睡眠習慣改變等十九個生活壓力源有相關。研究成果不僅可促使台灣地區健康照顧專業人員更了解鄉問老人之憂鬱程度及生活壓力源與憂鬱之相關性,並可作為台灣未來鄉間老人健康照護、服務計劃和措施之參考,以提升鄉間老人的生活品質。
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and level of depressive symptoms and the influence of demographic characteristics on depressive symptoms in elders residing in rural Taiwan. Also, the association was explored between depressive symptoms and life stressors in the Taiwanese Elderly Stress Inventory (TESI). A cross-sectional design utilizing face-to-face administered instruments was used. A total of 195 older community residents participated in the study. Levels of depressive symptoms were measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale - Short Form (GDS-SF) while life stressors were assessed with the Taiwanese Elderly Stress Inventory (TESI). Overall, 57% of the subjects had a GDS-SF score of 7 or above (M 7.58, SD 3.89), indicating that the majority were depressed. Additionally, gender, educational level, marital status, living arrangements, and socioeconomic status (SES) were significant factors to depressive symptoms. Women were more likely to experience depression than men. Elders who had received no formal education, were separated from their spouse due to death or divorce, lived alone, or had lower SES were at higher risk of more severe depression. Also, significant correlations were found between depressive symptoms and 19 stressors identified in the TESI. These stressors mostly include events related to physical functioning and family issues. The findings of this study will provide community health professionals in Taiwan with a better recognition of depressive symptoms in rural elders and stressors that are associated with depressive symptoms. This information can be used to plan health-related services and interventions for rural elders.




本卷期目次
The Journal of Nursing Research 9卷3期 (2001.6)
Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Symptoms in the Elderly of Rural Communities in Southern Taiwan/ Jing-Jy Wang
Chief Editor's Remarks/ Hsiu-Hung Wang
Postpartum Social Support Experience While "Doing the Month" in Taiwanese Women/ Shu-Shya HehYu-Ying FuYu-Lin Chin
不同活動形態、時間對第二型糖尿病患者血糖立即反應影響之探討/ 顧家恬鄭綺
大學護理畢業生產科臨床專業能力鑑定模式的發展/ 鍾聿琳高千惠吳祥鳳高美玲郭素珍曾秀瑜林明慧盧玉贏
關懷照護的現象學研究-從經歷死產之台灣婦女的經驗談起/ 曾英芬許敏桃郭玲莉
護生初次實習壓力、身心社會狀態、因應行為與人格特質關系之探討/ 許淑蓮林惠賢黃秀梨
台灣地區醫院護理人員留任措施計畫成效之評值/ 尹祚芊楊克平劉麗芳
Noise Distribution of an Incubator with Nebulizer at a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Southern Taiwan/ Hsiu-Feng ChenYing-Ju Chang
精神病患家庭照顧存在性的現象學探討/ 許樹珍曾慶音崔翔雲
衛生所護理師角色功能之探討-德爾菲研究/ 李淑婷謝臥龍宋雅雯
父親對哺喂母乳的態度、父子依附及婚姻調適之相關性探討/ 楊素珍陳彰惠
恐慌症病患接受認知行為團體心理治療之歷程分析/ 石芬芬王郁茗賴德仁陳登義
護理之家護理人員對老人照護知識及老人照護在職教育之需求/ 葉淑惠林麗味王興耀賀天蕙
家人照顧者於失能老人出院過渡期之需求、需求滿足變化探討/ 曾明月徐亞瑛史麗珠陳獻宗
產褥期間母親的關注與社會支持/ 鄭綉絨陳彰惠
The Construction and Evaluation of the Reliability and Validity of a Life Attitude Scale for Elderly with Chronic Disease/ Shwu-Jiuan Liu
探討光線照度對早產兒生理指標的影響/ 彭孃慧毛新春陳月枝張玉坤
探討接受生殖科技孕育之幼兒母親的親職壓力/ 余怡珍郭碧照
Holistic Outcome Measurement for Terminally Ill Cancer Patients in Medical Centers in Taiwan/ Ke-Ping YangTeresa J. C. YinLi-Chuan LeeNanly HsuJui-Mei Huang
Factors Related to Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy/ Hui-Ling LeeNai-Ping KuWei-Jenq DowLu Pai
 
   
 
   

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