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1
題名:哈達瑜珈對中年婦女壓力之影響    
Effects of Hatha Yoga on Stress in Middle-Aged Women
著者:黃復蓉(Fu-Jung Huang) ;簡定國(Ding-Kuo Chien) ;鍾聿琳(Ue-Lin Chung)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:哈達瑜珈 ; 中年婦女 ; 知覺壓力 ; 心律變異性 ; Hatha yoga ; middle-aged women ; perceived stress ; heart rate variability
刊名:護理研究
卷期:21卷1期(2013.3)
頁碼:59-66
語言:繁體中文
摘要:
背景
「壓力」已被認為是導致生理及心理疾病的重要因素,規律執行哈達瑜珈已證實有減輕身心壓力的助益,不知執行單次瑜珈紓壓成效及規律執行瑜珈紓壓之差異如何?
目的
探討單次90分鐘課程及連續八周(每周一次90分鐘課程)哈達瑜珈對於中年女性紓壓之成效。
方法
採類實驗性研究設計,招募新北市某社區40至60歲女性居民,以隨機方式抽取兩組實驗組,每周執行一次90分鐘哈達瑜珈課程,連續進行八週,對照組則未給予任何介入,共收案63位(實驗組30人,對照組33人)。紓壓成效以知覺壓力量表(Perceived Stress Scale, PSS)及心率變異性(heart rate variability, HRV)為評估指標,資料分析以卡方檢定、t檢定及廣義估計方程式(generalized estimation equations, GEE)檢驗。
結果
執行單次90分鐘瑜珈課程後與對照組比較,主觀知覺壓力(PSS)下降顯著(p=.001),生理指標HRV雖有改變,但LF Norm、HF Norm未達統計顯著(p=.059);執行八週瑜珈課程後與單次90分鐘課程後比較,HRV達統計顯著而PSS無差異性(p=.157),以GEE model驗證瑜珈介入與時間交互作用對心律變異性及自覺壓力之影響,實驗組執行八週哈達瑜珈課程後,HRV及PSS與控制組比較皆達統計上的差異(p<.001)。
結論/實務應用
中年女性參與單次哈達瑜珈課程可明顯降低知覺壓力,而規律參與哈達瑜珈對身心紓壓的成效則更顯著,故建議中年女性應長期規律的做瑜珈,可以有效減輕身心壓力、促進身體健康。
Background: Stress is considered a crucial trigger for physical and mental illness. Stress reduction is a known long-term benefit of regular Hatha yoga practice. The efficacy of a single-session Hatha yoga class on stress reduction is not currently known.
Purpose: This study investigated the comparative effectiveness of a single 90-minute Hatha yoga class and an 8-week, 90-minute-class-per-week course.
Methods: We used a quasiexperimental design and recruited 63 female community residents in New Taipei City aged 40-60 years. Participants were randomly divided into an experimental group (n=30) and a control group (n=33). The experimental group received the 8-week Hatha yoga course. The control group received no intervention. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and heart rate variability (HRV) assessed stress reduction effectiveness. Chi-square, independent t test, paired t test, and generalized estimating equations were used for data analysis.
Results: After a single 90-minute class of Hatha yoga, experimental group PSS scores were significantly less than those of the control group (p=.001). Although experimental group HRV (low-frequency norm and high-frequency norm) had improved, these changes were not statistically significant (p=.059). PSS scores for the single 90-minute class and 8-week course did not significantly differ (p=.157) and HRV of statistics is significant (p=.005). Generalized estimating equations analyzed changes in the effectiveness over time of stress reduction (HRV and PSS) after the Hatha yoga intervention. Results showed the postintervention HRV and PSS of the experimental group decreased significantly (p<.001) more than the control group.
Conclusions/Implications for Practice: Our findings support the position that regular, long-term practice of Hatha yoga provides clear and significant health benefits. Participation in a single 90-minute Hatha yoga class can significantly reduce perceived stress. Doing Hatha yoga regularly can reduce perceived stress even more significantly.


    

本卷期目次
護理研究 21卷1期 (2013.3)
胎兒唇顎裂之孕婦選擇繼續姙娠的心理社會衝擊之質性研究/ 謝月慈余玉眉蕭淑銖
台灣東部青春期學生之初經與月經觀點-社會文化與性別觀點/ 張玉婷林美玲
糖尿病足部照護行為量表之發展及測試/ 靳燕芬黃子庭
老人生活滿意度預測死亡風險:以英國與臺灣為例/ 李志平
台灣心臟衰竭病患之白天過度嗜睡/ 陳幸眉蔡良敏劉怡吳麗敏吳世忠
台灣與美國心衰竭病人的心理社會調節因子對呼吸困難之影響/ 黃翠媛謝雨生高碧霞江福田黃秀梨
哈達瑜珈對中年婦女壓力之影響/ 黃復蓉簡定國鍾聿琳
社區衛生護理人員文化敏感度及其相關因素探討/ 張慧盈楊詠梅郭雅玲
 
   
 
   

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