原名「台灣學術線上」
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dvd閱讀臺灣公共藝術自閉癥
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:Radiation Effects in the Cloud-Topped Marine Boundary Layer    
輻射對於含層積雲邊界層的影響
著者:Hung-Chi Kuo(郭鴻基)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:地球科學
刊名:Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
卷期:1卷1期(1990.3)
頁碼:45-71
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

觀測顯示層積雲頂長波輻射冷卻區域的大小,以及冷卻強度在水平及垂直方向有很大變異性。我們用一個高效率,高解析度的雲動力模式探討輻射場對雲動力及雲逸入的影響,模式結果顯示,雲動力及雲逸入只對輻射冷卻相對於雲頂位置敏感。當輻射冷卻發生在雲中,相對不同的水平及垂直冷卻分佈;我們得到類似的雲內部環流及逸入。當假設輻射發生在逆溫層,我們得到不一樣雲環流及逸入。模式結果可以輻射影響逸入的時問尺度以及混合時間尺度解釋。
This paper investigates the interaction between dynamics and infrared radiation in the cloud-topped marine boundary layer. A two dimensional Boussinesq moist model with a numerical technique (Fourier-Chebyshev spectral tau method) and resolution (10m) sufficient to simulate cloud top processes has been used. With the spectral tau method and the fourth-order Runge-Kutta time integration scheme, great computational efficiency are realized even with high model accuracy. Measurements suggest that the cloud-top radiative cooling is likely to exhibitsignificant horizontal as well as vertical variability which is principally governed by the variability of cloud liquid water. To investigate the impact of infrared cooling on boundary layer dynamics, numerical experiments on marine boundary layer convection under various idealized radiative forcings are performed. The results indicate that the dynamics of the cloud-topped marine boundary layer do not depend on the horizontal and the vertical distribution of the cooling so long as the cooling is confined to the turbulent boundary layer. The sensitivity of stratocumulus-topped boundary layer dynamics to the infrared cooling appears to be primarily in the vertical placement of the cooling relative to the turbulent cloud top region. This is due to the fact that the turbulent dynamical mixing time scale is smaller than the radiation build up time scale. Before radiation can cool a local region appreciably to influence the dynamics, the circulation inside the boundary layer has already transported the cloudy parcel out of the radiative cooling zone. Since the theory of radiation does not support the existence of infrared cooling in the capping inversion (zero cloud fraction or non-turbulent region), the spatial variability of cloud-top cooling needs to be considered only when the radiation build up time scale is comparable to the turbulent mixing time scale.


    

本卷期目次
Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences 1卷1期 (1990.3)
Premonitory Phenomena of a Moderate Taiwan Earthquake/ Kou-Cheng ChenJeen-Hwa WangYu-Lien Yeh
Sedimentation Rates in the Western Philippine Sea/ Ron-Sheng ChenYu-Chia Chung
Diurnal Oscillation of the Convective Boundary Layer Part 1: Cloud-Free Atmosphere/ Ching-Chi WuWen-Yih Sun
Radiation Effects in the Cloud-Topped Marine Boundary Layer/ Hung-Chi Kuo
A Numerical Study of the Terrain Effects on a Squall Line/ Ching-Sen Chen
The Inhomogeneous Distribution of Tritium and Radiocarbon in the Abyssal Southern Ocean/ Chen-Tung A. Chen
 
   
 
   

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