原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
dvd左傳拓撲學軍訓教官
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:Evaluation of Seismic Rupture Models for the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake Using Tsunami Simulation    
著者:Ming-Da ChiouEmmy Tsui-Yu ChangSen Jan
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:地球科學
關鍵字:Seismic rupture model ; Numerical tsunami simulation ; Ocean stratification ; Tides
刊名:Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
卷期:24卷4期(2013.8)
頁碼:491-503
語言:英語
摘要: 英文摘要PDF

Developing a realistic, three-dimensional rupture model of the large offshore earthquake is difficult to accomplish directly through band-limited ground-motion observations. A potential indirect method is using a tsunami simulation to verify the rupture model in reverse because the initial conditions of the associated tsunamis are caused by a coseismic seafloor displacement correlating to the rupture pattern along the main faulting. In this study, five well-developed rupture models for the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake were adopted to evaluate differences in simulated tsunamis and various rupture asperities. The leading wave of the simulated tsunamis triggered by the seafloor displacement in Yamazaki et al. (2011) model resulted in the smallest root-mean-squared difference (~0.082 m on average) from the records of the eight DART (Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis) stations. This indicates that the main seismic rupture during the 2011 Tohoku earthquake should occur in a large shallow slip in a narrow range adjacent to the Japan trench. This study also quantified the influences of ocean stratification and tides which are normally overlooked in tsunami simulations. The discrepancy between the simulations with and without stratification was less than 5% of the first peak wave height at the eight DART stations. The simulations, run with and without the presence of tides, resulted in a ~1% discrepancy in the height of the leading wave. Because simulations accounting for tides and stratification are time-consuming and their influences are negligible, particularly in the first tsunami wave, the two factors can be ignored in a tsunami prediction for practical purposes.


    

本卷期目次
Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences 24卷4期 (2013.8)
On the Accuracy of Glacial Isostatic Adjustment Models for Geodetic Observations to Estimate Arctic Ocean Sea-Level Change/ Zhen-Wei HuangJun-Yi GuoC. K. ShumJun-Kun WanJian-Bin DuanHok Sum FokChung-Yen Kuo
Evaluation of Seismic Rupture Models for the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake Using Tsunami Simulation/ Ming-Da ChiouEmmy Tsui-Yu ChangSen Jan
Effects of the Tibetan Plateau Crustal Structure on the Inversion of Water Trend Rates Using Simulated GRACE/GPS Data/ Han-Sheng WangLong-Wei XiangPatrick WuHolger SteffenLu-Lu JiaLi-Ming JiangQiang Shen
The Performance of Altimeter Waveform Retrackers at Lake Baikal/ Yu-Chan YiAlexei V. KouraevC. K. ShumValery S. VuglinskyJean-Francois CrétauxStéphane Calmant
Accurate Forecasting of the Satellite-Derived Seasonal Caspian Sea Level Anomaly Using Polynomial Interpolation and Holt-Winters Exponential Smoothing/ Moslem ImaniRey-Jer YouChung-Yen Kuo
Co-Seismic Effect of the 2011 Japan Earthquake on the Crustal Movement Observation Network of China/ Shao-Min YangKai TanQi Wang
Results of Gravity Observations Using a Superconducting Gravimeter at the Tibetan Plateau/ He-Ping SunJian-Qiao XuXiao-Dong ChenJian-Cun ZhouXian-Ge Lei
Analysis of Alabama Airborne Gravity at Three Altitudes: Expected Accuracy and Spatial Resolution from a Future Tibetan Airborne Gravity Survey/ Chi-Hsun HuangChein-Way HwangYu-Shen HsiaoYan Ming WangDaniel R. Roman
Decadal Variation in Surface Characteristics over Xinjiang, Western China, from T/P Altimetry Backscatter Coefficients: Evidence of Climate Change/ Jin-Yun GuoLei YangXin LiuXiao-Tao ChangChein-Way Hwang
Moho Interface Modeling Beneath the Himalayas, Tibet and Central Siberia Using GOCO02S and DTM2006.0/ Robert TenzerMohammad BagherbandiChein-Way HwangEmmy Tsui-Yu Chang
Improved Geoid Determination Based on the Shallow-Layer Method: A Case Study Using EGM08 and CRUST2.0 in the Xinjiang and Tibetan Regions/ Wen-Bin ShenJian-Cheng Han
Evidences of Seasonal Variation in Altimetry Derived Ocean Tides in the Subarctic Ocean/ Hok Sum FokC. K. ShumYu-Chan YiAlexander BraunH. Baki Iz
Envisat Altimetry Radar Waveform Retracking of Quasi-Specular Echoes over the Ice-Covered Qinghai Lake/ Kuo-Hsin TsengC. K. ShumYu-Chan YiHok Sum FokChung-Yen KuoHyong-Ki LeeXiao ChengXian-Wei Wang
Determination of the Calibration Factor of Superconducting Gravimeter 057 at the Lhasa Station: A frequency-Domain Approach/ Xiao-Dong ChenHe-Ping SunHou-Ze XuJian-Qiao XuXing-Hua HaoMing Liu
A Feasibility Study of an FEM Simulation Used in Co-Seismic Deformations: A Case Study of a Dip-Slip Fault/ Xiao-Guang LinWen-Ke SunHuai ZhangXin ZhouYao-Lin Shi
Effects of Huge Earthquakes on Earth Rotation and the length of Day/ Chang-Yi XuWen-Ke SunXin Zhou
Current Ice Loss in Small Glacier Systems of the Arctic Islands (Iceland, Svalbard, and the Russian High Arctic) from Satellite Gravimetry/ Koji MatsuoKosuke Heki
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.