原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:TBT (Tributyltin) Toxicity to the Visual and Olfactory Functions of Tigerperch (Terapon jarbua Forsskal)    
三丁基錫(Tributyltin, TBT)對花身雞魚(Terapon jarbua Forsskal)視覺及嗅覺功能之毒性作用
著者:Dar-Yi Wang(王達益) ;Bao-Quey Huang(黃寶貴)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:生命科學 ; 醫學綜合
關鍵字:三丁基錫 ; 抗附著劑 ; 角膜及嗅上皮 ; 黑色素移動反應 ; 味覺電位記錄(EOG) ; Tributyltin ; Corneal and olfactory epithelium ; Retinomotor response ; Electroolfactogram (EOG)
刊名:Zoological Studies 
頁碼:189-195
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

為瞭解抗附著劑(antifoulant)三丁基錫(tributyltin, T8T)對花身雞魚(Terapon jarbua Forsskal)視覺及嗅覺之毒性作用,分別將幼魚及成魚於不同濃度TBT溶液處理7天,再以光學石蠟切片、電顯(SEM)及電生理技術進行形態及生理功能之病變研究。結果顯示處理組之角膜上皮細胞呈顯著之剝離及壞死現象,且其視網膜黑色素移動反應(retinomotor response)由控制組的75.33%±2.88%降至100 μg/l組之63.33%±4.04%(p<0.05, n=3)。推測角膜剝離及壞死所形成的粗糙表面可能造成入射至視網膜的光線減少,因而造成黑色素移動反應受抑制。由SEM的結果也發現嗅皮膜表面的纖毛(cilia)、微絨毛(microvilli)及桿狀細胞(rod)均呈現退化及剝離現象,其嗅上皮電位記錄(electroolfactogram, EOG)也顯示嗅覺功能受到抑制,分別由-3.0±0.6 mV降至-1.3±0.5 mV(1 μg/l)及-0.4±0.1 mV(5 μg/l)(n=3),各組間也呈現顯著差異。花身雞魚自仔稚魚至成魚均普遍出現在本省河口及沿岸,沿岸漁業設施使用之抗附著劑對本魚種之毒性作用極具生態指標意義。
In order to understand tributyltin (TBT) toxicity to peripheral sensory functions, changes of visual and olfactory structures of tigerperch (Terapon jarbua Forsskal) were examined in juvenile and adult fish after exposure to 10, 50, and 100 μg TBT/I in juveniles and to 1 and 5 μg TBT/I in adults, respectively, for 7 d. Severe sloughing of squamous epithelial cells led to a thinning of the corneal epithelium. The retinomotor response of pigmented epithelium significantly decreased from 75.33%±2.88% (in the control group) to 63.33%±4.04% (p<0.05, n=3) in the 100 μg/l group. The separation and necrotic corneal epithelium may lead to partial opacity and/or irregular abrasion and thus decrease retinomotor responses. In addition, scanning electron microscopic studies revealed edema, deformity, and sloughing of the microvilli, cilia, and rods in receptor cells of the olfactory epithelium. Electroolfactogram (EOG) responses significantly decreased from -3.0±0.6 mV to -1.3±0.5 mV (1 μg/l) and -0.4±0.1 (5 μg/l), respectively (n=3).


    

本卷期目次
Zoological Studies 
Analysis of Scleractinian Distribution in Taiwan Indicating a Pattern Congruent with Sea Surface Temperatures and Currents: Examples from Acropora and Faviidae Corals/ Chao-Lun Allen Chen
Marine Fish Fauna in Hong Kong Waters/ I-Hsun NiKai-Yin Kwok
Age, Reproduction, and Demography of the Spiny Rat (Muridae: Niviventer coxingi) in Subtropical Central Taiwan/ Hon-Tsen YuYao-Sung Lin
Morphology of Uca formosensis Rathbun, 1921 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Ocypodidae), an Endemic Fiddler Crab from Taiwan, with Notes on its Ecology/ Hsi-Te ShihHin-Kiu MokHsueh-Wen ChangSin-Che Lee
Studies on Epizootiology and Pathogenicity of Staphylococcus epidermidis in Tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) Cultured in Taiwan/ Shih-Ling HuangWei-Cheng ChenMei-Chuan SheiI-Chiu LiaoShiu-Nan Chen
TBT (Tributyltin) Toxicity to the Visual and Olfactory Functions of Tigerperch (Terapon jarbua Forsskal)/ Dar-Yi WangBao-Quey Huang
Crabs of the Family Parthenopidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from Taiwan/ Swee-Hee TanJung-Fu HuangPeter Kee-Lin Ng
Review of Bernhauer's Types of Aleochara from South America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae)/ Jan KlimaszewskiChristian Maus
Discovery of a New Pierid Butterfly, Aporia gigantea cheni Hsu and Chou (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), from Taiwan/ Yu-Feng HsuWen-I Chou
The Taxonomy of Sesarma tang; Rathbun, 1931 and S. storm; De Man, 1895 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsidae: Sesarminae), with Establishment of a New Genus for S. stormi/ Peter K. L. NgHung-Chang Liu
Lecithoceridae (Lepidoptera) of Taiwan (Ⅰ): Subfamily Lecithocerinae: Genera Homaloxestis Meyrick and Lecithocera Herrich-Schaffer/ Kyu-Tek Park
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.