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dvd論後現代主義人權論述臺灣地區2018年"松雀鷹
   
   
   
     
   
 
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1
題名:晉南北朝時代的鄉里之情     (58點)
The Community Relationship during the Chin, Southern and Northern Dynasties
著者:劉增貴(Tseng-Kuei Liu)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史 ; 民族
關鍵字:晉南北朝 ; 同鄉 ; 地域觀念 ; 齒敘 ; 公私 ; Chin ; Southern and Northern Dynasties ; community relationship ; regional identity ; seniority and ranking
刊名:欲掩彌彰:中國歷史文化中的「私」與「情」--公義篇
卷期:1期(2003.9)
頁碼:11-39
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

漢代以來,士大夫的生活圈大體可以分為四個層次:家族、閭里、邦國(州郡)、天下(四海)。其中閭里與邦國即本文所說的鄉里,因此也可簡化為三個層次。除家族生活外,「居鄉」與「出仕」一直是士大夫生活的兩個重要層面。鄉里是祖宗根本所在,鄉里介於家族與天下之間,跨越公、私兩個領域,反映了古代社會的重要面相。 晉南北朝時代的鄉里關係非常複雜。一方面漢以來形成的地望觀念,不但未因動亂而破壞,反由流離加強了地域認同,大量地理書的出現即為例證。另一方面也由於動亂流離,士大夫「事新鄉如故鄉」,形成原貫與僑居雙重地域觀念。本文解析當時鄉里觀念,指出地方傳統的凝塑,地域山川、人物、文化的認同都是同鄉關係的另一面。本文探討同鄉網絡在武力結合、選舉品敘、仕宦交援、政軍行動中如何運作,以及鄉人因公私關係(如選舉、政爭)而產生的合作與衝突。 從上述幾方面看來,同鄉之情是晉南北朝政治社會上的顯著現象,論其實質,實為家族關係的擴大,是五倫中的「長幼」一倫的反映。鄉人之齒序輩分,正同宗族之父老子弟,這種私人關係形之於公領域,遂出現公私的揉雜,在許多關鍵事件中影響了歷史的進程。
After the Han Dynasty, the social world of scholars can be divided into four levels: family, district, province and world (although for the purposes of this essay, district and province are lumped together as "community" (hsiang-li鄉里), thus making for three levels instead of four). In addition to the family, "staying at community" and "taking office" were two important aspects of a scholar's life. The community, being the ancestral home and positioned between the family and the world, involved both the public and private areas and reflects core feature s of ancient society. The community relationship during the Chin, Southern and Northern dynasties is very complicated. On the one hand the concept of regional identity, formed since the Han Dynasty, had not been destroyed by wars but instead was strengthened, as evidenced by the enormous amount of geographic works that were produced. On the other hand, being refugees of wars, scholar s therefore treated their new hometowns as their old ones, thus forming the dual regional concept of birthplace and place of immigration. This essay analyzes the community concept of that time and points out that the aggregation of local traditions and geographical, personal, and cultural identification are flip sides of the community relationship. This essay also focuses on how the community network worked in relation to the integration of military force, the system of recruitment and assessment, the exchange of assistance between government officials, and the political-military operations, and the cooperation and conflicts arising from public and private relations (e.g. recruitments and political disputes). From the above, the community relationship is seen as being a significant phenomenon both in the politics and society of the Chin, Southern and Northern Dynasties. It was in fact essentially an extension of family relationships reflecting the concept of seniority in the "five human relationships" of Confucianism. The seniority and ranking in the same community were recognized similar to those in families. This extension of private relationships into the public realm ended up causing many complications and seriously influencing the course of history for many crucial events.


    

本卷期目次
欲掩彌彰:中國歷史文化中的「私」與「情」--公義篇 1期 (2003.9)
征服情海:試掘一口情慾的老井/ 盧建榮
地域與國法-南宋「女子分法」與江南民間慣習關係再考/ 青木敦;譯:陳進盛;譯:鍾淑敏
晉南北朝時代的鄉里之情/ 劉增貴
市井與圍城-南朝建康宮廷文化之一側面/ 鄭毓瑜
胡適、吳宓和愛情-兼論私情與公論/ 汪榮祖
男性與自我的扮相:胡適的愛情、軀體與隱私觀/ 江勇振
Conflicting Emotions: Aspects of the Personal and Public in the Late Qing/ Peter Zarrow
Revealing to Conceal: Love-letters and Privacy in Republican China/ Bonnie S. McDougall
Sentiments and Interests in Marriage Ceremonies in the Late Qing Period/ Mechthild Leutner
兒女情短、英雄氣長:辛亥革命時期的性別與革命/ 呂芳上
慾望之河--唐代情、義邊界的建構和逾越/ 盧建榮
情之景-宋代山水畫中的浪漫情思/ 包華石
情義難決:從近代中國的兩性關係說起/ 呂芳上
依違於私情與公義之間-孟姜女故事流轉探析/ 劉靜貞
 
   
 
   

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