原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
dvdDiy扣件原住民教育困境OTA
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:兒女情短、英雄氣長:辛亥革命時期的性別與革命     (54點)
Love is Brief but Glory Endures: Gender and Revolution During the Revolution of 1911
著者:呂芳上(Fang-Shang Lu)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史 ; 民族
關鍵字:辛亥革命 ; 女權 ; 性別 ; 公與私 ; 國民之母 ; 1911 Revolution ; women's rights ; gender/sex ; public/private ; mother of the nation
刊名:欲掩彌彰:中國歷史文化中的「私」與「情」--公義篇
卷期:1期(2003.9)
頁碼:373-399
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

辛亥革命時期,相對於傳統,女子的社會地位是有些不同,這和少數留日、激進、革命化的女性有關。無政府主義者何震應該是女界主張「男女革命要與種族、政治、經濟諸革命並行」的第一人,這種言論發揮影響力應該在五四前後;秋瑾是一位種族主義者,她參加光復會,發揮的政治、社會理念,多與個人的體驗及日本思潮的影響有關,她的英雄氣概和男人氣息,則還深深刻劃了時代的烙印。 這個時期的兩性關係還有三個特點:一是在劇變時代下女性的角色,「賢妻良母」傳統婦女「理想」的形象,是否仍應視為女性天職?晚清知識分子由國家求富求強出發,一旦視女性為國民之母,母性與女性合而為一,男權的偏見便告浮現,「賢良論」後來在不同的年代一再被提出來討論,說明婦女解放的源頭,「為人」、「為女人」仍有爭論的餘地。第二個特色是「擬男主義」在清末民初的流行。在父權、夫權牢固,女權社會條件不足的情況下,女子要求「與男人一樣」,做男人能做的事業,應是婦女解放運動的起步,從秋瑾到唐群英都有這樣的傾向,問題出在革命成功後,女子既否定「賢妻良母」,又不願做「男性化的女人」時,女性解放運動該何去何從?這個問題顯然不是辛亥時期婦女能回答的課題。第三個議題是在危急存亡之秋,兩性都會面臨民族大義與個人私情之間的抉擇。基本上「滅私存公」仍是知識分子救亡運動的主要精神依據。這一來在革命歷史中往往只見國家民族大愛,私人感情往往晦而不彰。兒女情不能長,英雄氣不能短,成了男女兩性的必然選擇。 辛亥革命,婦女當然有正面的貢獻,婦女的角色也開始引人注目。不過男女兩性對雙方或各自角色的認定,仍受傳統觀念相當的制約。這是五四時期婦女解放運動之所以需要更深入的發展的原因。
During the 1911 Revolution, the social status of women was somewhat different from the traditional one, a change that had much to do with a few radical and revolutionary women who had returneded from Japan. The anarchist He Chen should be considered the first Chinese female to advocate that "sexual revolution must go hand in hand with racial, political and economic revolutions," a view that was to have an impact on the May Fourth Movement. The fervent nationalist Chiu Chin, a participant in the Restoration League, had political and social ideas that largely reflected both her personal experience and the influence of current trends in Japanese thought and left a profound imprint on the times with her heroic and masculine deeds. There are three further features of the sexual relation s of this period that should be considered. The first feature is that of the role of the woman in a time of radical change, specifically, the question of whether the traditional ideal of the "good housewife and virtuous mother" should continue to be regarded as a duty bestowed by Heaven. The masculine bias of late Ch'ing intellectuals came to the forefront when, in their search for ways to enrich and strengthen the country, they concluded that females were the mother of the nation and went on to collapse the concepts of motherhood and femininity into one. That the theory of the "good housewife and virtuous mother" continued to be brought up and debated in the years to come suggests that there is still room for discussion as to whether the notions of "being a human/person" and "being a woman" were actually the sources of the woman's liberation movement. The second feature is the popularity of "imitating the masculine" during the late Ch'ing and early Republican years. In light of the strong hold on power enjoyed by both fathers and husbands and the lack of the conditions necessary for the rise of womens' power, the demand by women to "be the same as men" and do things and jobs that men did, as seen in the examples of both Chiu Chin and Tang Ch' un-yin, was the first stage of the women's liberation movement. But with women rejecting the notion of being a "good housewife and virtuous mother" and not subscribing to "masculinized womanhood", the question then arose as to what direction the women's liberation movement was to take in the wake of the successes of the 1911 Revolution. This clearly was not a question that could be answered by the women of that period. The third feature is the choice between national causes and personal love that both sexes have to face during periods of national crisis and collapse. Overall, the idea that "annihilation of selfishness for the survival of public interests" was the dominant faith among intellectuals in the salvation movement. As such, the history of the revolution is filled with stories of great love for one's people and country and short on tales of personal emotions: romantic love could wait, heroicism could not, and the choices of men and women of the period largely reflected that situation. Without question, women made positive contributions to the 1911 Revolution and their role has started to attract attention. However, traditional ideas exercised considerable constraint over the way in which men and women identified the role of their own sex and that of the other, which was why the women's liberation movement had to develop further during the May Fourth movement.


    

本卷期目次
欲掩彌彰:中國歷史文化中的「私」與「情」--公義篇 1期 (2003.9)
征服情海:試掘一口情慾的老井/ 盧建榮
地域與國法-南宋「女子分法」與江南民間慣習關係再考/ 青木敦;譯:陳進盛;譯:鍾淑敏
晉南北朝時代的鄉里之情/ 劉增貴
市井與圍城-南朝建康宮廷文化之一側面/ 鄭毓瑜
胡適、吳宓和愛情-兼論私情與公論/ 汪榮祖
男性與自我的扮相:胡適的愛情、軀體與隱私觀/ 江勇振
Conflicting Emotions: Aspects of the Personal and Public in the Late Qing/ Peter Zarrow
Revealing to Conceal: Love-letters and Privacy in Republican China/ Bonnie S. McDougall
Sentiments and Interests in Marriage Ceremonies in the Late Qing Period/ Mechthild Leutner
兒女情短、英雄氣長:辛亥革命時期的性別與革命/ 呂芳上
慾望之河--唐代情、義邊界的建構和逾越/ 盧建榮
情之景-宋代山水畫中的浪漫情思/ 包華石
情義難決:從近代中國的兩性關係說起/ 呂芳上
依違於私情與公義之間-孟姜女故事流轉探析/ 劉靜貞
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.