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1
題名:Standing Balance in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Meta-analysis     (14點)
發展性協調障礙兒童之站立平衡:整合性分析
著者:Ling-Yin Liang(梁齡尹) ;Rong-Ju Cherng(成戎珠) ;Jenn-Yeu Chen(陳振宇)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:物理 ; 醫學綜合
關鍵字:發展協調障礙 ; 站立平衡 ; 動作測驗 ; 笨拙 ; 視覺 ; Developmental coordination disorder ; Standing balance ; Movement ABC ; Clumsiness ; Visual information
刊名:Formosan Journal of Physical Therapy
卷期:31卷1期(2006.2)
頁碼:1-7
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本研究藉由整合性分析的方法探討發展性協調障礙兒童之站立平衡能力與視覺在其中所扮演的角色。方法:以發展性協調障礙、笨拙兒童、發展性失用症、輕度腦傷與肢體笨拙為關鍵詞進行大量的文獻收集。符合選取條件的文獻必需是(1)比較發展性協調障礙兒童與一般兒童站立平衡之差異,且(2)包含平衡表現之量化參數,同時(3)提供的資料可計算效果量的研究。本研究以r值代表發展性協調障礙兒童與一般兒童站立平衡之差異的效果量,以及有視覺與無視覺時兩組兒童站立平衡之差異的效果量。結果:只有九篇符合本研究的選取條件而進行分析。在整體平衡表現的效果量r值為0.29;靜態平衡與動態平衡的r值分別是0.32,0.38;至於視覺的有無在兩組間所造成平衡表現的效果量r值,分別是有視覺時的0.30與無視覺時的0.35,以致於視覺的有無在兩組間所造成差異的效果量只有0.05。結論:發展性協調障礙兒童的站立平衡比一般兒童要差,達到中度的效果量;至於視覺對發展性協調障礙兒童的站立平衡影響與一般兒童一樣,建議可探討其他感覺訊息或感覺整合能力在發展性協調障礙兒童與一般兒童站立平衡間差異之角色。
Background and Purpose: The purposes of the study were to examine the standing balance and the role of visual information for maintaining standing balance in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) based on a method of meta-analysis. Methods: An extensive literature search with the key words of DCD, clumsy children, development dyspraxia, minimal brain dysfunction, and physical awkward was undergone on a number of electronic databases including Medline, PsycInfo, PubMed, and ProQuest Digital Dissertations (PQDD). To be included in this meta-analysis, a study needed to: (1) be a comparison study with a group of participants with DCD and a control group; (2) include quantitative measures of balance performance; (3) provide sufficient information to be able to calculate effect size. A correlation coefficient r-indicator was used to represent the effect size of the difference in standing balance between children with and without DCD. Results: Literature search resulted in nine studies. The effect size r of static balance and dynamic balance was 0.32 and 0.38, respectively. The effect size r of balance performance with visual input and without visual input were 0.30 and 0.35, resulting in the effect size of visual input, r=0.05. Conclusion: The results indicate that the balance performance of children with DCD was poorer than that of children without DCD and the effect size was moderate. The effect of visual input on standing balance is not different in children with DCD from children without DCD. Future studies are suggested to investigate the role of other sensory inputs or the function of sensory organization for maintaining standing balance in children with DCD.




本卷期目次
Formosan Journal of Physical Therapy 31卷1期 (2006.2)
Standing Balance in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Meta-analysis/ Ling-Yin LiangRong-Ju CherngJenn-Yeu Chen
全國長期照護物理治療人力需求推估/ 胡名霞許書旋江秀玲吳淑瓊
台灣地區物理治療生工作異動及人員發展意願之調查/ 簡盟月曹昭懿廖文炫吳英黛
退化性腰椎脊髓腔壓迫病人在症狀和功能限制之相關性/ 廖健芬林桑伊林瑞模
物理治療介入健保系統長期使用呼吸器患者整合性照護之探討/ 江玲玲陳喬男曹昭懿吳英黛
重症多神經病變和肌肉病變/ 汪子瑄吳英黛
Postural Control on the Compliant Surface in the Absence of Somatosensation/ Yi-Ru ChenSang-I Lin
 
   
 
   

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