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題名:臺灣學校中特教專業團隊運作模式--系統性回顧     (26點)
The Efficiency of the Professional Team Model in Taiwan Special Education System:A Systematic Review
著者:楊廣文(Guang-Wen Yang) ;成戎珠(Rong-Ju Cherng)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:物理 ; 醫學綜合
關鍵字:特殊教育 ; 專業團隊 ; 特殊需求兒童 ; 合作 ; 成放評估 ; Special education ; Multidisciplinary team ; Children with special needs ; Collaboration ; Outcome measures
刊名:物理治療
卷期:38卷4期(2013.12)
頁碼:286-298
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

背景與目的:國內在特殊教育法及其相關法規立法之後,融合教育逐漸成為常態。為提供不同類別與不同功能程度兒童之特殊需求的適切服務,結合復健醫療專業,以團隊合作方式介入的教育模式成為學校融合教育的主流;然而醫療專業團隊與教育結合的服務模式有多種,彼此間之成效差異並不清楚;本文獻回顧自身心障礙教育專業團隊設置與實施辦法實施後至今,國內所提出的相關研究,進行系統性的文獻回顧,以檢視醫療專業團隊在學校場域中的合作模式,以及其相關資源投入情形。方法:本研究以系統性回顧方式,分別透過三個資料庫,收集國內於1998年之後發表,關於特教專業團隊的69篇相關研究,排除重複和不符合搜尋策略的論文,共回顧相關研究論文28篇。結果:多數學生每週大約可分到0.5-1.5小時的治療時數;各類治療師出席個案會議的比例約50%左右,參與個別教育計畫設計的比例的40%,約75%會提供抽離式服務,多數採取多專業合作模式服務,至於成效多為主觀戚受之間卷評量。結論:國內學校現場的特教專業團隊服務,有很高比例探取直接服務和多專業合作模式,並不符合國內法規規定及文獻之建議。以致許多人認為有時數、經費、人力等資源不足的問題,是否與專業團隊合作介入的方式有關並不清楚。相等的時數、經費與人力是否足以支持間接服務的專業間和跨專業合作模式運作,其間所能得到的成效和運作的可能困難可以是未來研究的方向。(物理治療2013;38(4):286-298)
Background and Purposes:It has been a common practice to place students with special needs in regular schools.In order to meet the different needs of children with various levels and types of disabilities,it is necessary for teachers to collaborate with rehabilitation professionals in the schools.In Taiwan,the collaborative teams deliver their services officially in school set-tings according to the Act of Special Education and the related regulations.Many studies have discussed these collaborative efforts.Although recommendations were offered as to how best to collaborate in a team,the efficiency of the collaboration between different disciplines has been unclear.The purpose of this article was to review studies on the related service after the legislation in Taiwan for viewing the model of collaborative team in school settings and the in-vestment of resource in Taiwan.Methods:A systematic review of 69 articles that were located from 3 databases about collaborative team in special education published in Taiwan since 1998.At the end,28 articles were reviewed after excluding repetitive or unmatched articles.Results:The result showed that most of students were served 0.5-1.5 hours every week.In all area of therapists,the proportion of presenting the case meeting is around 50%,of involving the IEP is around 40%.Around 75% of them had provided the pull-out service at least in one time,and most of them served in multidisciplinary model.Conclusions:A high proportion of professional services are provided directly through multidisciplinary team model although such method does not comply with the regulations and is not recommended by the literature.The inconsistency shows that we don't acknowledge the way to evaluate if we have enough resource for the indi-rect interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary models.(FJPT 2013;38(4):286-298)


    

本卷期目次
物理治療 38卷4期 (2013.12)
年輕族群之性別角色特質與心理因素之關係/ 呂怡靜施俊名夏允中蒲怡妤呂衍謀
脊髓損傷患者使用動力外骨骼行走之短期訓練計畫成效:前驅研究/ 楊文傑徐瑋勵巫震華胡竹生毛慧芬湯佩芳
遵從性增強技巧對於中風個案居家物理治療運動遵從性及功能恢復之成效研究/ 李庭蓁林沂胡名霞
系統性回顧:退化性頸椎脊髓病變病患的非手術及術後之運動訓練策略/ 鄭智修蘇皓琮劉文瑜王淑芬徐瑋勵莊育芬
臺灣學校中特教專業團隊運作模式--系統性回顧/ 楊廣文成戎珠
半月板切除後對膝關節功能之影響:回顧探討/ 徐瑋勵何家豪王至弘
 
   
 
   

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