原名「台灣學術線上」
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1
題名:擴散性思考與聚斂性思考的交會:有限解答之擴散性思考測驗之編製與信效度檢驗     (68點)
The Connection of Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Developing of Constrained Divergent Thinking Test and Examining Reliability and Validity
著者:陳學志(Hsueh-Chin Chen) ;洪素蘋(Su-Pin Hung) ;許禕芳(Yi-Fang Hsu) ;邱皓政(Haw-Jeng Chiou) ;關秉寅(Ping-Yin Kuan) ;詹志禹(Chih-Yu Chan)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:哲學 ; 教育
關鍵字:創造認知能力測量 ; 頓悟性思考 ; 頓悟性問題 ; 擴散性思考 ; cognitive measure of creativity ; insight ; insight problems ; divergent thinking
刊名:教育科學研究期刊
卷期:54卷4期(2009.12)
頁碼:29-62
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本研究旨在編擬一套適用於臺灣高中職學生的創造認知能力測量工具。測驗的建置,融合擴散性思考與頓悟性思考兩種客觀測量工具的優勢並改善其缺失,同時利用中文方塊字富有變化的有限集合特性,編製「有限解答之擴散性思考測驗」。測驗內容要求學生在某中文字(例如「里」字)上,進行部分筆畫的刪減,以拆解出其他合法的中文字。依據學生作答反應的個數、類別與新奇性,分別評定其流暢力、變通力與獨創力。其優點:一、評量兼顧新奇性與適切性;二、評分簡便且指標多元。本研究以北臺灣地區的高中職學生為母群體進行抽樣與施測,取得效標關聯效度證據。最後,以1,200位高中職學生為樣本建立測驗的獨創性常模,提供後續研究者一套合宜的評量工具。
The purpose of this study was to develop a measure of creative cognition which would enable educators to more accurately and objectively measure the development of creativity in Taiwanese high school students. The instrument was designed to measure the constructs of divergent-thinking and insight, as previous research has suggested that these are the only two dimensions of creativity which can be measured objectively. To overcome problems encountered in previous attempts to measure these two abilities, and to combine the strengths of separate measures of both, a test was developed which involves having students subtract strokes from the Chinese characters "里" to form another legal Chinese character. Responses are scored for fluency (the number of legal responses), flexibility (the variety of perspectives represented in the responses), and originality (statistical infrequency). The stroke-subtraction test offers advantages compared to other measures of creativity in that it emphasizes the novelty and appropriateness of the responses simultaneously. Further, use of the three score indexes simplifies the scoring process. The test was piloted with 1,200 Taiwanese high school students, and this sample was used to establish a norm for the purpose of norm-referenced score interpretations. The results were also compared with those from several other measurements to provide evidence supporting the criterion-related validity of the instrument. Based on the findings, implications for educational administrators, schools, teachers are discussed. Finally, suggestions for future research are offered.


    

本卷期目次
教育科學研究期刊 54卷4期 (2009.12)
不同範例展示及實作經驗對國中生科技創造力的影響/ 張玉山李大偉游光昭林雅玲
偏遠地區公立國民中小學校績效獎金計畫之建構/ 許添明林慧玲
探究學生串聯電路認知特徵演化歷程之跨年級研究/ 林靜雯邱美虹
一樣軌跡兩樣情:美國與我國師資培育機構轉型與教師質量之比較/ 黃源河符碧真
擴散性思考與聚斂性思考的交會:有限解答之擴散性思考測驗之編製與信效度檢驗/ 陳學志洪素蘋許禕芳邱皓政關秉寅詹志禹
科學文本中陳述語意關係的語言特性:以國中階段科學教科書為例/ 陳世文楊文金
高中職學生問題導向兩性關係與溝通網路學習成效之研究/ 張菀珍葉榮木
 
   
 
   

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