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1
題名:魏晉玄學影響論    
On the Impacts of "Neo-Taoism of the Wei and Jin Periods"
著者:莊耀郎(Yaw-Lang Juang)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台南市
學科:文學 ; 歷史 ; 哲學
關鍵字:玄學 ; 格義 ; 重玄 ; 詮釋 ; Neo-Taoism ; Ge-Yi ; Multiple Neo-Taoism ; conceptualization
刊名:六朝學刊
卷期:1期(2004.12)
頁碼:121-144
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

魏晉玄學影響的層面至為廣泛,本文則將重點集中在哲學思想、詮釋理論之突破,以及政治社會三個層面論述。
或許是歷史的機緣湊巧,或許是義理形態有某個相近似處,使得玄學成為契接佛教、吸收佛教的橋樑。除了初期格義佛學,玄學對於日後佛學義理發展之激盪,如圓教模式的思考和建立,禪宗表現形態的啟發等,均起莫大的作用。本文則舉道安之例說明玄佛交涉,以及重要學術語言,如體用、一多等詞語的沿用,指出對佛學影響之一斑。
重玄思想則是玄學思維發展的賡續,在道家、玄學原有之基礎上,至唐朝成玄英發展到高峰,在工夫論、境界義上發展道家之學。
在學術觀念的提出,學街語言的使用方面,則豐富深化了哲學思想的內涵,促進思考方法的發展,提昇思辯的水平。至於在詮釋方法、詮釋觀念的突破上,可與近代西方詮釋學理論接軌。凡此,皆可看出魏晉玄學在諸多方面的創闢性。
至於玄學對政治社會的影響及功過,歷代眾說紛紜,惟時代愈晚近,正面肯定者愈多。民智愈開,則愈可見玄學政治理論的適應性,固有一定的參考價值。
Neo-Taoism of the Wei and 3m periods exerted extensive impacts in different aspects of academia. This article focuses its discussion on three such areas: philosophy, interpretive theories, and political science and sociology.
Probably because of historical coincidence, or probably because of their similarity in essence or in form, Neo-Taoism connected itself with, and consequently absorb the essence of, Buddhism. In addition to the Ge-Yi Buddhism in the initial stage, Neo-Taoism continued to inspire the subsequent development in Buddhist theories and disciplines, such as the establishment of the Yuan-Jiao Model, representations in Zen, and so on. This article cites the example of Dao-An to illustrate the interactions between Neo-Taoism and Buddhism. It also points out Neo-Taoism's influences on Buddhism with such academic terminology as manifestation (體用), one-to-multiple (一多) and so forth.
Multiple Neo-Taoism was a continuation of Neo-Taoism on the basis of Taoism and Neo-Taoism. It reached its culmination with Cheng Xun-ying's insightful approaches to self-cultivation (修養論), and progressive development in perspectives (境界義) in Tang Dynasty.
Through the proposal of new conceptualization and terminology, Neo-Taoism of the Wei and Jin periods has enriched the nature of philosophy, developed its methods of thinking, and upgraded its quality of argumentation. With the breakthrough in conceptualization and methods of interpretation, it connected itself with the study of interpretation in the West. All these revealed the innovativeness of Neo-Taoism of the Wei and Jin periods.
As for its contribution or impacts on the political science and sociology, no consensus has ever been reached over the centuries. Yet, positive views have been increasing with time. With more education of the general public, Neo-Taoism political science has also demonstrated greater explanatory power and value.


    

本卷期目次
六朝學刊 1期 (2004.12)
陶淵明詩賦的《楚辭》淵源研究/ 陳怡良
魏晉玄學影響論/ 莊耀郎
駢賦述略-魏晉六朝駢賦巡示錄/ 張永鑫
「先玄學」-由劉卲「徵質」到王弼的「崇本」/ 江建俊
王弼援老莊以入易乎-從「動靜」論的詮釋說起/ 林麗真
六朝玄學對文學影響的另類觀察/ 朱曉海
「達」的多重樣態―魏晉士人對「無待」的渴慕與糾纏/ 林聰舜
錢穆先生論魏晉南北朝學術/ 張蓓蓓
 
   
 
   

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