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題名:峰王漿離心分離之研究    
Studies on the Centrifugal Separation of Royal Jelly
著者:陸龍虎(Lung-Hu Lu) ;吳登禎(Teng-Chen Wu) ;梁連勝(Lien-Sheng Liang) ;蔡致榮(Jyh-Rong Tsay)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台中市
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
關鍵字:蜜蜂 ; 蜂王漿 ; 離心分離機 ; 分離 ; Honeybee ; Royal jelly ; Centrifugator ; Separation
刊名:中華農業研究
卷期:48卷2期(1999.6)
頁碼:156-168
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

蜂王漿是用來餵飼和培育蜂王,亦可供人類食用,被視為保健食品,其營養比蜂蜜高很多。惟其生產過程相當繁瑣,生產效率相當低,故生產成本偏高。目前本省採漿作業都以人工為之,尚無機械可資利用。因此,自行研製蜂王漿採收機加速機械化採漿,以降低生產成本,提高蜂王漿品質,並增加養蜂之收益,實為當務之急。本研究歷經一年,分別完成離心式蜂王漿採收雛型機之研製,並完成其性能之測試。據試驗結果顯示:該機使用1/2PS、110V交流馬達,並以網目0.608mm幼蟲攔截網(線徑0.45mm, 24目/吋)與迴轉數1750rpm作業,其採漿後幼蟲分離攔截網上附著之蜂王漿殘留量佔總重之0.73%,王杯內蜂王漿之殘留量為總重之1.59%,幼蟲損傷佔總幼蟲數之1.45%;使用此採收機在不計算採收後刮漿時間之情況下,9.42分鐘可完成51組王台條之採漿作業全程,與相同數量王台條之人工採漿作業需時74.8分相較,其省工效果極為顯著。
With more nutrient contents than honey, royal jelly is regarded as an especially healthy food. Separation of royal jelly from larvae is a difficult, labor intensive process. However, production of royal jelly in Taiwan still relies completely on time-consuming, manual production. The objective of this study is to develop a machine for harvesting royal jelly. During the last year, a prototype 'centrifugator' powered by an alternative motor (1/2 PS and 110V) was manufactured and tested for effectiveness in separating royal jelly. The best results were obtained with the centrifugator operating at 1750 rpm and equipped with a larva-separating screen having a mesh size of 0.608 mm. In related experiments, the percentage of royal jelly residue on screen, royal jelly residue in holders, and damaged larvae are 0.73%, 1.59% and 1.45%, respectively. The harvesting operation of royal jelly by using this centrifugator takes 9.42 minutes for one run (51 holder strips) neglecting time required for the last process of scraping-off the harvested royal jelly. When compared with the operating time of the manual harvesting operation (74.8 minutes) for the same workload, the developed centrifugator reduced the required labor tremendously.


    

本卷期目次
中華農業研究 48卷2期 (1999.6)
施用石灰與硼砂對山葵品質與產量之影響/ 王鐘和胡敏夫羅朝村林毓雯黃維廷丘麗蓉
香水百合鱗片之農藥及肥料處理對於叢枝菌根菌接種之影響/ 吳繼光林素禎林妙玲吳國典陳文輝
叢枝內生菌根菌與溶磷細菌接種對亞洲型百合球莖增大之影響/ 林素禎吳繼光黃山內洪崑煌
菌核鮑魚菇產生菌核之研究/ 陳美杏彭金騰
A Check List of Mecoptera (Insecta) of Taiwan/ Tung-Ching HsuWen-Jer WuLiang-Yih Chou
峰王漿離心分離之研究/ 陸龍虎吳登禎梁連勝蔡致榮
台灣落花生種原親緣關係之研究Ⅱ.應用RAPD進行落花生種原親緣關係之研究/ 范明仁羅舜芳王昭月許庭榮曹文隆楊金興鄭耀星
水芋收穫指數的動態模式/ 呂秀英呂椿棠陳烈夫
 
   
 
   

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