原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
dvd網咖消費者顧客滿意度資優生world
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:薹潛蠅繭蜂(Opius caricivorae)(膜翅目:小繭蜂科)之形態與生活史    
Morphology and Life History of Opius caricivorae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
著者:錢景秦(Ching-Chin Chien) ;張淑貞(Shu-Chen Chang)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台中市
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
關鍵字:薹潛蠅繭蜂 ; 蔬菜斑潛蠅 ; 外部形態 ; 生活史 ; Opius caricivorae ; Liriomyza sativae ; Morphology ; Life history
刊名:台灣農業研究
卷期:61卷2期(2012.6)
頁碼:144-157
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

薹潛蠅繭蜂(Opius caricivorae Fischer)行單產雄性孤雌生殖、單員幼蟲至蛹內寄生。交尾與否對雌蜂生育力無影響。雄蜂一生有多次交尾(8-17次),雌蜂多數只交尾1次,僅4.5%交尾2-4次。交尾前期為1.1小時。該蜂有取食寄主現象,卻不致死寄主。羽化盛期為上午5點至8點,產卵盛期為上午5點至9點。該蜂發育不受寄主齡期影響。在25℃下,卵至蛹期發育所需時間為14.9-15.0日,其中卵期為2.2日,幼蟲期為5.0-5.1日,前蛹期為1.6-1.8日,蛹期為5.9-6.1日。卵發育至蛹期之存活率為86.5-91.6%。每日供應40-50隻第三齡蔬菜斑潛蠅(Liriomyza sativae Blanchard)幼蟲時,雌、雄蜂壽命各為21.9日與22.8日,每雌蜂可產277隻子蜂,子代雌性比為0.62。雌蜂產卵數、過寄生率及對寄主之利用率均顯著受寄主蔬菜斑潛蠅密度影響。寄主密度為1、2及5隻時,雌蜂產卵數少(4.4-7.6粒),過寄生率高(66.5-87.5%);寄主密度為20、30及40隻時,雌蜂產卵數多(19.1-24.0粒),過寄生率低(0.9-5.5%)。寄主密度為1、2、5、10及20隻時,雌蜂對寄主之利用率高達80.0-100%,但寄主密度為30隻與40隻時,雌蜂對寄主之利用率各達62.9%與59.4%。
The wasp Opius caricivorae Fischer is an arrhenotokous, solitary endoparasitoid of the leafminer Liriomyza sativae Blanchard. The fertility of the female wasp is not affected by mating experience. Males mated many times (8-17 times) in a lifetime, but most females mated only once (4.5% mated 2-4 times). The premating period was 1.1 h. Female wasps fed on leafminers without killing them. The peak of emergence of wasps was between 0500 and 0800 h while the peak of oviposition was between 0500 and 0900 h. The development of wasps was not affected by the host instar. At 25℃, averaged duration for egg, larval, prepupal, pupal, and egg to pupal stage was 2.2, 5.0-5.1, 1.6-1.8, 5.9-6.1 and 14.9-15.0 days, respectively. Averaged survival from egg to pupal stage was 86.5-91.6%. When wasps were provided with 40-50 3rd instar larvae of L. sativae daily, the longevity of female and male wasps averaged 21.9 and 22.8 days, respectively. The fertility for a female wasp was 277 progenies. The ratio of female progeny was 0.62. Numbers of eggs, percentage of superparasitism and host utilization rate of wasps varied with host density. At low host density (1, 2 and 5 leafminers), the number of eggs per female wasp was low (4.4-7.6 eggs) and the percentage of superparasitism was high (66.5-87.5%), but at high host density (20, 30 and 40 leafminers), the number of eggs per female wasp was high (19.1-24.0 eggs) and the percentage of superparasitism was low (0.9-5.5%). Host utilization rates by wasps were high (80.0-100%) at low host density (1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 leafminers), however host utilization rates by wasp were low (62.9 and 59.4%) at high host density (30 and 40 leafminers).


    

本卷期目次
台灣農業研究 61卷2期 (2012.6)
氮源型態及濃度對丹參毛狀根生長與丹參酮產量之影響/ 詹効松羅子庭陳威臣夏奇鈮蔡新聲
誘引劑對高氏柴胡懸浮細胞生長與柴胡皂苷含量累積之影響/ 陳威臣夏奇鈮葉茂生曹進義蔡新聲
蝴蝶蘭貯運前藥劑處理對黃葉病發生之影響/ 廖國均謝廷芳陳宏榮
Complete Nucleotide Sequence of RNA2 of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus Isolated from Melons in Taiwan and Its Comparisons with Currently Existing Isolates/ Yi-Ting LinJye-Yann LiaoChin-Hui TsaiTing-Chin Deng
薹潛蠅繭蜂(Opius caricivorae)(膜翅目:小繭蜂科)之形態與生活史/ 錢景秦張淑貞
Effect of Temperature on Prey Consumption Rate of the Green Lacewing Mallada basalis (Walker) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) to Two Species of Pest Mites, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida and Panonychus citri (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae)/ Ling-Lan ChengPing-Shih YangChiu-Tung LuChien-Chung Chen
不同型間超甜玉米果穗產量與甜度之組合力探討/ 劉紹國謝光照
稻草在秀珍菇栽培之應用/ 李瑋崧呂昀陞陳美杏
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.