原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:Effect of Temperature on Prey Consumption Rate of the Green Lacewing Mallada basalis (Walker) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) to Two Species of Pest Mites, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida and Panonychus citri (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae)    
溫度對基徵草蛉Mallada basalis (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)捕食神澤氏葉蟎Tetranychus kanzawai與柑桔葉蟎Panonychus citri (Acari: Tetranychidae)速率之影響
著者:Ling-Lan Cheng(鄭玲蘭) ;Ping-Shih Yang(楊平世) ;Chiu-Tung Lu(盧秋通) ;Chien-Chung Chen(陳健忠)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台中市
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
關鍵字:葉蟎 ; 捕食性昆蟲-獵物交互作用 ; 取食行為 ; 捕食速率 ; 生物防治 ; Phytophagous mites ; Predator-prey interaction ; Feeding behavior ; Predation rate ; Biological control
刊名:台灣農業研究
卷期:61卷2期(2012.6)
頁碼:158-164
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

基徵草蛉(Mallada basalis)對神澤氏葉蟎(Tetranychus kanzawai)和柑桔葉蟎(Panonychus citri)兩種木瓜重要害蟎具有防治潛力,然而溫度會影響昆蟲的生長速率、存活、生殖和壽命,進而影響捕食性昆蟲與其獵物間的族群變動,因此溫度對草蛉壓制葉蟎族群之效能可產生重大影響。此外,溫度也會影響捕食性天敵對害蟲的捕食速率,本研究乃於實驗室內測定基徵草蛉於5種溫度下(15、20、25、30和35℃)對神澤氏葉蟎與柑桔葉蟎的捕食速率。試驗結果顯示基徵草蛉對兩種葉蟎之捕食速率於15至30℃間隨溫度升高而增加,而溫度達35℃捕食速率即降低。基徵草蛉之二齡幼蟲於15℃下30分鐘內可捕食16.3±1.0隻神澤氏葉蟎之若蟎或26.4±1.8隻柑桔葉蟎之若蟎,而於30℃下可捕食45.7±2.5隻神澤氏葉蟎之若蟎或48.0±3.3隻柑桔葉蟎之若蟎。基徵草蛉於5種試驗溫度下之捕食速率趨勢於兩種葉蟎間略有差異,可能與兩種葉蟎在木瓜葉片上有不同的空間分布,以及草蛉捕食兩種葉蟎所需的獵物處理時間(handling time)不同有關。基徵草蛉在廣泛的溫度範圍中對兩種葉蟎皆具極高的捕食效率,即使在15℃的低溫下亦同,顯示基徵草蛉在台灣具有終年應用的潛力,但實際應用策略的擬訂仍待進一步田間試驗的評估。
The green lacewing, Mallada basalis, has been shown to have high potential as a biological control agent against two mite species of economic importance on papaya: the Kanzawa mite, Tetranychus kanzawai, and the citrus mite, Panonychus citri. However, the impact that this predator can have on mite populations is dependent on prevailing environmental temperatures, which influence predator-prey dynamics by affecting developmental rate, survival, reproduction, and longevity. Another effect of temperature, which this study investigated, is predator consumption rate. We measured the consumption rates of 2nd instar M. basalis on T. kanzawai and P. citri at five temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30, and 35℃) in the laboratory. Results indicated that prey consumption by 2nd instar lacewings was temperature-dependent, increasing between 15 and 30℃ for both mite species; however, consumption declined at 35℃. Numbers of T. kanzawai nymphs consumed in a 30-min trial ranged from 16.3±1.0 at 15℃ to 45.7±2.5 at 30℃. On P. citri, predators consumed 26.4±1.8 nymphs at 15℃ and 48.0±3.3 at 30℃. There were slightly different trends in the consumption rate of the lacewing in response to the five temperatures between the two mites, and this might be the result of the different spatial distribution patterns of the two mites as well as different handling times of the lacewing for the two mites. High prey consumption rates across a wide temperature range, including temperatures as low as 15℃, suggest that M. basalis may be suitable for year-round application in Taiwan against both T. kanzawai and P. citri. However, further investigations on the effect of temperature on the predatory potential of M. basalis under field conditions are needed for effective application of this lacewing in papaya mite management programs.


    

本卷期目次
台灣農業研究 61卷2期 (2012.6)
氮源型態及濃度對丹參毛狀根生長與丹參酮產量之影響/ 詹効松羅子庭陳威臣夏奇鈮蔡新聲
誘引劑對高氏柴胡懸浮細胞生長與柴胡皂苷含量累積之影響/ 陳威臣夏奇鈮葉茂生曹進義蔡新聲
蝴蝶蘭貯運前藥劑處理對黃葉病發生之影響/ 廖國均謝廷芳陳宏榮
Complete Nucleotide Sequence of RNA2 of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus Isolated from Melons in Taiwan and Its Comparisons with Currently Existing Isolates/ Yi-Ting LinJye-Yann LiaoChin-Hui TsaiTing-Chin Deng
薹潛蠅繭蜂(Opius caricivorae)(膜翅目:小繭蜂科)之形態與生活史/ 錢景秦張淑貞
Effect of Temperature on Prey Consumption Rate of the Green Lacewing Mallada basalis (Walker) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) to Two Species of Pest Mites, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida and Panonychus citri (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae)/ Ling-Lan ChengPing-Shih YangChiu-Tung LuChien-Chung Chen
不同型間超甜玉米果穗產量與甜度之組合力探討/ 劉紹國謝光照
稻草在秀珍菇栽培之應用/ 李瑋崧呂昀陞陳美杏
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.