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1
題名:嗜菊短頭脊沫蟬[Poophilus costalis (Walker, 1851)](半翅目:沫蟬總科:尖胸沫蟬科)之形態、取食及發育    
Morphology, Feeding and Development of the Spittlebug Poophilus costalis (Walker, 1851) (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea: Aphrophoridae)
著者:張淑貞(Shu-Chen Chang) ;石憲宗(Hsien-Tzung Shih) ;路光暉(Kuang-Hui Lu)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台中市
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
關鍵字:嗜菊短頭脊沫蟬 ; 沫蟬 ; 取食木質部昆蟲 ; 形態 ; 發育期 ; Poophilus costalis ; Spittlebug ; Xylem-feeding insects ; Morphology ; Development time
刊名:台灣農業研究
卷期:61卷4期(2012.12)
頁碼:343-354
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

嗜菊短頭脊沫蟬[Poophilus costalis (Walker, 1851)]以刺吸植物木質部汁液為生,寄主廣泛。本研究以竹仔菜(Commelina diffusa Burm. f.)飼育此沫蟬,觀察其外部形態及發育。其第1齡至第5齡若蟲之平均頭寬依序為0.53、0.73、1.10、1.64及2.43mm,平均體長為1.66、1.94、2.67、4.08及6.02mm。在25℃定溫下,第2齡至第5齡若蟲之平均發育日數分別為4.0、4.0、4.8及8.9日。此沫蟬取食時以口針鞘抵在植物表面,再伸出其內之口針束刺穿植物表皮取食,口針鞘及口針束長度分別為1.64mm及1.48mm。另以大花咸豐草(Bidens pilosa L. var. radiata Sch.)瓶插於Brilliant Blue FCF染液內,供第5齡若蟲吸食汁液,在其連續刺吸14.0分鐘後,可見排出之泡沫液變藍;解剖後可見其食道、濾室、中腸及後腸皆已呈藍色,然其4條馬氏管則未變色,證實食物液流不會直接進入馬氏管。中腸後段由濾室後端進入、往前迴旋整齊排列,最後再沿著濾室在馬氏管進入濾室處上方穿出濾室。嗜菊短頭脊沫蟬因寄主廣泛,深具傳播植物病害潛力,本研究結果將可供後續相關研究之參考。
The xylophagous spittlebug Poophilus costalis (Walker, 1851) has a wide variety of host plants. This study was conducted to investigate the morphology and development of the spittlebug using Commelina diffusa Burm. f. as the host plant. The average head widths of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th instar nymph were 0.53, 0.73, 1.10, 1.64 and 2.43 mm, respectively; and the average body length of these nymphs were 1.66, 1.94, 2.67, 4.08 and 6.02 mm, respectively. At 25℃, the average durations for the development of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th instar nymph were 4.0, 4.0, 4.8 and 8.9 days, respectively. While feeding, the nymph fixed its stylet sheath on the surface of the host plant and then inserted the stylet bundle through the epidermis to feed on plant sap. The lengths of the stylet sheath and stylet bundle were 1.64 and 1.48 mm, respectively. Color of the extruded froth of the 5th instar nymph was blue after14 minutes of feeding on Bidens pilosa L. var. radiata Sch. dipped in Brilliant Blue FCF stain solution. Results of cytological studies showed that, while the esophagus, filter chamber, midgut and hindgut of the nymph were stained blue, the four Malpighian tubules remained unstained, revealing that the food fluid did not flow directly through these tubules. The posterior midgut was shown to enter the lower end of the filter chamber, run anteriorly and convolutely up the chamber, and then turned around all the way down to the lower end of the filter chamber, piercing the chamber just above the entrance of Malpighian tubules. As this spittlebug has a considerable potential to spread diseases to a variety of host plants, results of this study are useful in future investigations of vector-pathogen relationships.


    

本卷期目次
台灣農業研究 61卷4期 (2012.12)
台灣金線連之天麻素萃取方法/ 蕭翌柱何婉綸
農業生態系長期研究場址無線感測器網路建置/ 詹岳魁陳琦玲吳泓書林晉卿侯平君姚銘輝許禎坤陳建文林朝欽
台灣育成的花椰菜F1商業栽培品種及其親本間遺傳歧異度之研究/ 羅惠齡李碩朋陳綉萍蔡德琳林照能王三太陳甘澍楊堯文
List of Pseudococcidae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) Deposited at the Insect Collection of Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)/ Shu-Pei ChenJen-Yu WongWen-Jen Wu
藥劑對南美斑潛蠅(Liriomyza huidobrensis)(雙翅目:潛蠅科)及其薹潛蠅繭蜂(Opius caricivorae)(膜翅目:小繭蜂科)存活與生育力之影響/ 錢景秦張淑貞
多醣預處理對冷凝除濕乾燥花椰菜品質之影響/ 吳宗諺蔡淑珍黃禮棟
嗜菊短頭脊沫蟬[Poophilus costalis (Walker, 1851)](半翅目:沫蟬總科:尖胸沫蟬科)之形態、取食及發育/ 張淑貞石憲宗路光暉
比較長期水旱田輪作或連作施用硫酸銨對於土壤酸鹼值之影響/ 譚增偉陳桂暖
 
   
 
   

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