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題名:茄子「高雄一號」品種之育成    
Development of Eggplant cv. 'Kaohsiung 1'
著者:黃賢喜(Shang-Shi Huang) ;戴順發(Shun-Fa Tai) ;韓青梅(Ching-Mei Han)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:屏東縣
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
關鍵字:茄子 ; 新品種 ; 耐熱 ; 青枯病抗性 ; Eggplant ; New variety ; Heat tolerance ; Bacterial wilt resistance
刊名:行政院農業委員會高雄區農業改良場研究彙報
卷期:10卷2期(1999.6)
頁碼:32-50
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

為改善本省現有栽培品種屏東長茄耐熱性差,高溫期間果皮著色不良及不抗病蟲之缺點,高雄區農業改良場於民國77年秋作,以國外引進具生長勢強、抗青枯病、品質佳之高雄系一號為母本,與果型長、耐熱且果皮著色性佳之PI164811號為父本進行雜交,並歷經十年之選育試驗,所選獲優良品系高雄育41號,於87年4月提出登記命名,經農林廳命名小組審查通過,正式命為茄子“高雄一號”(商品名稱:紅娘),准予推廣。“高雄一號”具豐產、果型長直、果色亮麗紫紅、外觀與食味品質均佳、良果率高、耐熱及耐青枯病等優良特性。在兩年七處地方試驗結果,“高雄一號”平均產量比對照品種“屏東長茄”增產15.6%,果長及良果率亦比對照品種分別高出3.8cm及2.5%,對青枯病之反應在各檢定結果呈中感至中抗級,果實薊馬危害程度亦較輕,耐熱性強,尤在高溫期間果皮著色性佳。本品種缺點為初期生育及早期產量均較屏東長茄略差,果徑略小,平均果重稍輕,每一花序小花數稍多,須適時疏果。
Currrent eggplant cv. 'Pintung Long' has low heat tolerance, the fuit color during warm reason is not as bright as in cool season. It has no resistance to major disease and insects 'Kaohsiung 1', tested as 'Kaohsiung yu 41', was developed from a 1988 cross of 'Kaohsiung acc. 1'×'PI 164811' by pedigree method. 'Kaohsiung acc. 1' is selected for its vigorous growth, resistance to bacterial wilt and good fruit quality. PI 164811 has long fruit, heat tolerance and good fruit color. 'Kaohsiung 1' has been tested throughout various variety trial and regional tests and it was approved by the name in April of 1998. The commercial name of it is 'Red-Bride'. The new variety 'Kaohsiung 1' is high yielding with straight long fruit in good color and eating quality. It yields more than cv. 'Pingtung Long' by an average of 15.6%. It has high percentage of good fruit and good tolerance to both warm season and bacterial wilt. The fruit length and rate of good fruit increased by 3.8cm and 2.5% respectively as compared with that of 'Pintung Long'. The reaction to bacterial wilt was rated as moderately susceptible to moderately resistant. The damage of thrips was less prominent. This new variety fruited in good purple-red color even during high temperature period, indicating its beter heat tolerance. However, it fruited less than 'Pintung Long' in early cool season, with thinner and lighter fruits. It tends to bear more than one fruit per node. It is necessary to thin the fruit in time.


    

本卷期目次
行政院農業委員會高雄區農業改良場研究彙報 10卷2期 (1999.6)
二年制輪作制度對澎湖雜糧作物生產力之影響/ 周國隆
本土蟲生線蟲之採集及對黃條葉蚤田間防治效果評估/ 李平全
不同氮肥施用量對紅豆接種根瘤菌生長與產量之影響/ 李銘全許秋玫林順臺洪阿田
茄子「高雄一號」品種之育成/ 黃賢喜戴順發韓青梅
澎湖地區高品質洋香瓜栽培之研究Ⅱ種植期與結果節位上方葉片數對溫室洋香瓜生長與品質之影響/ 施純堅
 
   
 
   

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