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1
題名:早熟稉稻品種臺中190號之育成    
Development of an Early Maturing Variety of Japonica Rice, Taichung 190
著者:黃賢喜(S. S. Huang) ;張素貞(S. J. Chang)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:彰化縣
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
刊名:臺灣省臺中區農業改良場研究彙報
卷期:18期(1988.3)
頁碼:51-64
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

臺中190號係臺中區農業改良場為配合本省耕作制度栽培之需要及改良過去推廣之早熟品種的缺點,採用豐產、耐倒伏及適應性廣之臺農67號(♀)與早熟抗稻熱病及食味佳之臺中早育種229(♂)雜交而育成之早熟稻品種。於民國75年6月23日經審查通過,准予命名與推廣。
本品種除株型性狀已獲顯著改善外,具早熟、豐產、矮性耐肥、抗稻熱病及食味佳等優良特性,適合本省中部裡作地區栽培。經連續三年高級產量比較試驗結果,平均公頃產量第一期為5642公斤。第二期作為5114公斤,比對照品種(豐錦)分別增產11.8%及10.6%。其生育日數第一期作為117天(早植稻),比豐錦晚熟一天,第二期作與豐錦相同均為82天,又經連續三年對稻熱病抗性檢定結果均達“中抗”至“抗”,食味品質與臺農67號相類似,比豐錦為佳,稻稈粗而抗倒伏。故本品種不僅適合裡作地區第一期作栽培,且適宜容易發生稻熱病地區第一期作種植,惟本品種白米稍有腹白,種子無休眠性以及對白葉枯病、黃萎病與褐飛蝨無抵抗性,栽培上應注意與防治。
In order to develop some early maturing varieties to meet the requirement of the multiple cropping system in Taiwan, this station has conducted a series of breeding program to improve the unfavorable characteristics of the early maturing varieties of rice, Taichung 190 was developed by crossing Taichung tsao yuh 229 (♂) (an early maturing variety with blast resistance and good eating quality) with Tainung 67 (♀) (a medium maturing variety with high yield, lodging resistance and wide adaptaility). It was named and released to the farmerson June 23, 1986.
This variety has been significantly improved in plant type. Besides it has the favorable characters of early maturity, short stem,nitrogen tolerance,blast resistance and good palatability. This variety showed significantly higher yield than the other early maturing varieties of rice in Taiwan. It is suitable for crltivation in the highly multiple cropping area in central Taiwan. Three years of regional experiment,the average grain yield of the variety was 5642 kg/ha in the first crop and 5114 kg/ha in the second crop,increased 11.8% and 10.6% as compared with the check variety Toyonishiki, respectively. The growth period of the variety was 117 days in the first crop, 1day later than Toyonishiki, and 82 days in the second crop, the same as Toyonishiki. During the three years experiment the variety showed medium resisance to blast. It has better palatability than Tainung 67 and Toyonishiki. Besides it has short stem and was resistant to lodging. Therefore, this variety is suitable for cultivation in the highly multiple cropping area as well as in the soils that easily devastated by the blast in the first crop. However, the variety also has some demerity of slight white belly, nondormancy, and susceptible to bacterial leaf blight, yellow dwarfing,and brown planthopper.


    

本卷期目次
臺灣省臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 18期 (1988.3)
抗白粉病豌豆臺中12號之育成
施肥對高粱葉片組成分及產量之影響研究/ 蔡宜峰黃勝忠
高粱臺中五號種子採收技術機械化研究/ 何榮祥高德錚林國照梁純玲
稻田轉作高粱耕作技術之改良/ 曾勝雄宋勳侯福分
稻米物理化學性質與食味間相關關係之探討(第一報)/ 許愛娜宋勳
栽培環境及品種對稻米碾米品質與物化性質影響之研究/ 盧訓宋勳吳淑靜
早熟稉稻品種臺中190號之育成/ 黃賢喜張素貞
葡萄咖啡木蠹蛾之空間分布/ 章加寶
 
   
 
   

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