原名「台灣學術線上」
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1
題名:稉型早熟水稻品種-豐錦    
An Early Maturing Variety of Japonica Rice, Toyonishiki
著者:曾勝雄(S. H. Tseng) ;黃賢喜(S. S. Huang) ;洪秋增(C. T. Hong) ;林寶錱(P.C. Lin)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:彰化縣
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
刊名:臺灣省臺中區農業改良場研究彙報
卷期:6期(1982.6)
頁碼:1-12
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

豐錦為一具有耐寒早熟良質、高產且穩定等優良特性之稉稻品種,頗適合夏季裡作瓜類及蔬菜,秋冬季裡作豌豆、菸草及各種雜糧與蔬菜之稻田暨第二期作沿海季節風強勁地區栽培。
本品期第一期作宜提早於1月下旬至2月上旬插秧,延長水稻生育日數,增日分蘖數與穗數,並可減輕稻熱病發生及逃避梅雨期因雨水過多所導致之倒伏及穗上發芽之損失,以提高其單位面積產量。栽培本品種須培育健壯幼苗,採用機插或小株密植栽培,行株距第一期作為24×21公分,第二期作為24×18公分。因抗倒伏性不及臺農67號與高雄141號,故氮肥用量宜比臺農67號減少10~15%,並應於第一期作35天,第二期作20天內施完追肥。於最高分蘖期應勵行曬田,孕穗期應注意排水,促使稻株生育健壯,以防止倒伏。對主要病虫害均無抵抗性,遇有病害或虫害發生時應立刻防治。第二期作水稻進入糊熟期以後應行3~5天輪灌,以防止稻株因缺水而導致枯萎。
Toyonishiki is a high and stable yielding Japonica rice variety with the favorable characteristics of early maturity, cold tolerance and good grain quality. It is suitable for rotational cultivation with some summer and winter catch crops, such as cantaloupes, pickling cucumber, vegetables, peas as well as various up-land crops. It is also suitable for cultivations in the costal areas in monsoon season in Taiwan.
For the purpose of extending its growing period and increasing the tillers and panicles, as well as of avoiding the rainy season which will cause a lose of grain yield by lodging and grain sprouting in the field, this variety is recommended to transplant in late January throughout early February for the first crop. For growing this variety, it is necessary to raise a healthy seedlings, and to transplant by mechanical transplantor or by hand with closer spacings at 24cm×21cm for the first crop, and 24cm×18cm for the second crop respectively.
The character of nitrogen response of this variety is inferior to Tainung No. 67 or Kaohsiung No. 141. Therefore, the rates of nitrogen application for this variety should be 10%to 15% less than the rates for Tainung No. 67, and should be applied within 35 days after transplanting in the first crop, and within 20 days after transplanting in the second crop.
On the other hand, for preventing lodging the field should be properly drained during the maximum tillering and the booting stage. Besides, this variety is susceptible to all kinds of main diseases and insects. Therefore, application of chemicals is necessary while disease or insect appear.
In the second crop, the field should be irrigated once for every 3-5 days during the soft dough stage and maturation stage to keep proper amount of moisture in the soil to prevent the wilting of rice plants from over drying.




本卷期目次
臺灣省臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 6期 (1982.6)
稉型早熟水稻品種-豐錦/ 曾勝雄黃賢喜洪秋增林寶錱
栽種滿江紅對節省水稻氮肥之經濟性研究/ 黃山內蔡宗仁蘇匡基
插秧機附裝深層施肥器改良及施肥效果試驗/ 梁榮良
Poorly Drained Acid Sulfate Soils at Ta-an Township in the West Coast of Central Taiwan/ C. F. HsiehT. R. TsaiH. C. HuangD. T. Chen
臺中秈16號之育成/ 林再發
Rice Research and its Prospect of Production in Arid Regions of Saudi Arabia Ⅱ. First Trial of double Croppings in Gassim/ S. K. ChangS. H. ChungM. C. Liao
Studies on Rice Cultivation in Northern Iran Ⅰ. Eeffects of Date of Planting on Rice/ S. K. ChangC. H. HongW. H. Lin
胡蘿蔔生長特性之研究/ 鍾維榮張松貴
Studies on Rice Cultivation in Temperate Northern Iran Ⅱ. Experiment on Water Management of Lowland Rice/ S. K. ChangC. H. HongW. H. Lin
臺中地區稻熱病流行學之田間研究/ 楊涌祚林金樹張德前
食用紅甘蔗品質劣變原因之探討Ⅲ.紅甘蔗嵌紋病之無毒化/ 楊瓊儒楊涌祚鄭墨珠
臺灣中部地區褐飛蝨(Nilaparvata lugens Stål)對四種常用殺蟲劑抗藥性之研究/ 章加寶
臺中區一期稻作飛蝨及葉蟬類之防治適期/ 劉達修張德前
臺灣中部地區高粱黍蚜(Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner))生活史及高粱抗黍蚜檢定之研究/ 章加寶方敏男曾惠圓
日本梨高接於橫山之適應性/ 林信山林嘉興廖萬正
桃之產期調節/ 林嘉興廖萬正林信山
臺中地區近山水田施肥方法試驗/ 黃山內黃祥慶
 
   
 
   

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