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1
題名:水稻臺中189號之育成    
Development of Taichung No. 189 Rice
著者:曾勝雄(S. H. Tseng) ;黃賢喜(H. S. Huang)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:彰化縣
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
刊名:臺灣省臺中區農業改良場研究彙報
卷期:7期(1983.12)
頁碼:1-8
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

臺中189號係由臺農67號(母本)與臺中187號(父本)雜交而育成之稉稻品種,具有強稈、抗稻熱病、米質佳及產量安定等特性,於民國72年6月17日獲准登記命名及推廣。
本品種對葉及穗稻熱病抵抗性強,適合於第一期作稻熱病容易發生地區栽培。由於其分蘗及穗數較少,故應行密植增肥或選擇地力肥沃土壤裁培。臺中189號雖然稻稈粗壯、強靱,不易倒伏,但因其株高比臺農67號高3~5公分,故應注意栽培管理技術,為促使分蘖數增加,肥料宜早期施用且於插秧後第一期作45天,第二期作30天應行斷肥,同時配合晒田作業以抑制無效分蘖及防止植株徒長。本品種屬偏穗重型,應施用穗肥以增加一穗粒數及穗重,藉以提高單位面積產量。本品種不抗白葉枯病,在低窪,排水不良或風大容易發生白葉枯病地區避免種植,對褐飛蝨亦無抵抗性,須按照植物保護手冊推薦之方法予以防治。收穫前不可太早斷水,尤其天晴的大熱天,不要有缺水現象,以免影響稻米品質。
Taichung No. 189 is a Japonica variety of rice developed by crossing. Tainung No. 67 (maternal parent) with Taichung No. 187 (paternal parent). With the characteri-stics of strong culm, blast resistance, good rice quality, and stability in grain yield, it was named and released to the farmers on June 17, 1983.
Since the variety showed strong resistance to both leaf and panicle blast, it is suitable for being grown in the area where blast is often very serious in the first crop. Due to its slightly lower tillering ability and panicle number, it is better to grow the variety in the fertile soil or adopt the close spacing and intensive fertiliz-ation program for growing the variety. Although the variety has strong culm and is resistant to lodging, it is taller than Tainung No. 67 for about 3-5 cm, and therefore some precaution must be taken in the fertilization technique. In order to get higher tiller number, the fertilizers should be applied as early as possible but it should be ceased on the 45th day after transplanting for the first crop, and on the 30th day after transplanting for the second crop, accompanied by proper draining to inhibit the growth of ineffective tiller and the elongation of rice plants. However, as the variety belongs to the heavy spike type, proper amount of panicle fertilizer should be applied to help get higher grain number in a panicle to reach the goal of high grain yield. As the variety is not resistant to bacterial leaf blight, it is better not to grow in the poorly drained or windy area where bacterial leaf blight is often serious. The brown plant hopper is also necessary to be controlled according to the methods recommended in the plant protection handbook. The irrigation should not be cut off too early before the harvest, especially at hot season, as to influence the rice quality.




本卷期目次
臺灣省臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 7期 (1983.12)
水稻臺中189號之育成/ 曾勝雄黃賢喜
Effects of Rice Hull, Lime, and Nitrogen Fertilizer on the Silica Content and Growth of Rice in a Strongly Acid Sand-shale Alluvial Soil/ C. F. HsiehT. R. TsaiH. C. HuangC. Y. Lin
Studies on the Resistance of Green Rice Leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) to Four Commonly Used Insecticides in Central Taiwan/ Chia-Pao ChangMin-Nan Fang
梨主要栽培品種之花粉發芽率研究/ 李金龍林信山廖萬正林嘉興
枇杷赤衣病防治藥劑之篩選/ 楊瓊儒劉添丁王漢宗鄭墨珠
氮肥及延遲收割期對水稻再生率之影響/ 謝慶芳林昭遠賴杜松
栽植密度對薏苡生育之影響/ 黃勝忠洪財生
酸性稻田連用矽酸爐渣之效果及其殘效之研究/ 黃山內黃祥慶王錦堂
甘藍不整地栽培試驗/ 鍾維榮郭俊毅
不同肥培方法對食用紅甘蔗(Saccharum officinarun L.)之品質與蔗莖產量之研究/ 黃山內黃祥慶王錦堂
大麥在二栽培地區產量穩定性之研究/ 許愛娜
水稻再生栽培法之研究/ 侯福分談嘉俊
塑膠排水浪管改良稻田排水防止稻株鐵過多及鉀銅缺失之研究/ 謝慶芳王錦堂林昭遠
環境與稻米品質/ 林文龍
 
   
 
   

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