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1
題名:臺中糯70號與臺中秈糯1號之育成    
Development of Glutinous Rice Varieties of Taichung Non 70 and Taichung Sen Non 1
著者:黃賢喜(S. S. Huang) ;江壬卿(R. C. Chiang) ;宋勳(S. Song)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:彰化縣
學科:農林漁牧礦科學
刊名:臺灣省臺中區農業改良場研究彙報
卷期:9期(1984.12)
頁碼:68-79
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

臺中糯70號及臺中秈糯1號係臺中區農業改良場為改良本省所栽培之糯稻品種的缺點,採用本省推廣之豐產水稻品種與品質佳之糯稻以人工雜交育成,於民國73年7月11日獲准登記命名及推廣。
臺中糯70號係稉型糯稻,具強桿耐肥,不易倒伏之特性,適宜機械栽培作業。經兩年地方試驗之平均糯穀產量第一期作比臺中糯46號(對照品種)增產18.3%,第二期作亦可增收20.7%,與目前本省栽培面積最多之稉稻臺農67號之產量甚為接近。對稻熱病之抵抗性較弱,但比目前所推廣之稉糯品種為強,對白葉枯病之抗性亦不強,在低窪排水不良或風大容易發生白葉枯病地區避免種植,對褐飛蝨亦無抵抗性,須依照植物保護手冊推薦方法予以防治。本品種之糯米品質佳,適合米食加工或副食品及釀酒原料糯米等之用途。
臺中秈糯1號屬秈型長秈糯,植株較矮,耐倒伏,糯米品質佳,抗多種稻蟲害包括稻熱病、紋枯病、白葉枯病、黃萎病及褐飛蝨等,是本省唯一經人工雜交育成之抗多種病蟲害品種。其糯稻地方試驗之平均糯穀產量第一期作比臺中糯46號增產8.3%,第二期作亦增收44.4%,由於本品種耐寒性較差,故適合於第一期晚及第二期作栽培。
For the improvement of inferior agronomic characters on the cultivated varieties of glutinous rice in Taiwan, two varieties namely, Taichung Non 70 and Taichung Sen Non 1 had been developed, through hybridizaton by the high yielding of non-waxy cultivated variety and good quality of waxy rice as parents. They were named and released to the farmers on July 11, 1984.
Taichung Non 70 is a short-grain Japonica type glutinous variety with the favourable characteristics of strong culum to resistant lodging, high response to nitrogen fertilizer and suitable to cultivate by mechinizaton. The local yield trials showed that the grain yield could be increased 18.3% and 20.7% as compared with the check variety of Taichung Non 46 in the first and second crops, respecively. Although the variety is not resistant to leaf-blast, it is stronger resistant to neckblast than the currently varieties of glutinous rice Since the variety is not resistant to bacterial leaf blight, it is better not to grow in the poorly drained or windly area where bacterial leaf blight is often serious. The brown plant hopper should be controlled according to the method recommended in the plant protection handbook. The rice quality is suitable to make processing foods and brew wines.
Taichung Sen Non 1 is a long-grain Indica type glutinous variety, characterized by its good eating guality, semi-dwarf plant to lodging resistance as well as resistant to disease and insect pests which are including blast disease, banded sclerotial disease, bacterial leaf blight, yellow disease and planthopper etc. This is a first glutinous variety of multiple resistance to disease and insect pests hybrided in Taiwan. According to the two years' local yield trails, it could be also increased 8.3% and 44.4% of grain yield compared check variety of Taichung Non 46 in the first and second crops, with the respectively. This variety is better transplanted at the late stage of first crop due to its susceptive to cold weather, and more suitable in second crop for cultivaton.


    

本卷期目次
臺灣省臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 9期 (1984.12)
稻田轉作玉米栽培法之研究Ⅰ.春秋期作不同播種期對飼用玉米產量及其農藝性狀的影響/ 黃勝忠許愛娜
稻田轉作玉米栽培法之研究Ⅱ.春秋期作不同栽植密度對玉米臺農351號產量及農藝性狀之影響/ 許愛娜黃勝忠
低容量莖間施藥法防治水稻紋枯病與褐飛蝨之效果/ 張德前劉達修
彰化縣不同土壤肥力能限分類單位稻田之磷鉀肥效應試驗/ 黃祥慶王錦堂
水稻再生能力之檢定及其與TNC相關之研究/ 侯福分
中部地區毛豆栽培適應性之探討/ 古錦文
接種有效根瘤菌對大豆及後作玉米產量與土壤肥力之影響/ 高德錚
臺中糯70號與臺中秈糯1號之育成/ 黃賢喜江壬卿宋勳
苦瓜蔓割病之研究:(一)病原菌之生理及致死溫度/ 黃秀華
 
   
 
   

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