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題名:Insights of the Latest Naturalized Flora of Taiwan: Change in the Past Eight Years    
臺灣歸化植物組成變化
著者:Shan-Huah Wu(吳姍樺) ;T. Y. Aleck Yang(楊宗愈) ;Yung-Ching Teng(鄧詠淨) ;Chih-Yuan Chang(張志遠) ;Kuoh-Cheng Yang(楊國禎) ;Chang-Fu Hsieh(謝長富)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:生命科學
關鍵字:植物誌 ; 歸化植物 ; 入侵植物 ; 臺灣 ; Flora ; naturalized species ; plant invasion ; Taiwan
刊名:Taiwania
卷期:55卷2期(2010.6)
頁碼:139-159
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

從2002年完成了臺灣第一份歸化植物名錄後至今,臺灣的歸化植物物種數量持續的 增加,為了探討急劇成長的歸化物種(潛在入侵物種)在這段時間的增加模式,我們匯整截 至2009 年底所有發表與野外記錄到歸化物種以求對整體現狀有更好的理解。此外,臺灣與 鄰近區域交通貿易頻繁,物種交流機會頗多,本篇也就此鄰近三地共同歸化物種進行比對。 結果顯示,過去七年之間所有新增的歸化物種中,僅有77種植物為2002 年後所歸化,其餘 的植物皆為2002 年以前就已歸化, 2002 年之後才正式發表。歸化植物與原生植物物種的比 例由8%上升為12% 0 2002 年前後歸化物種的組成、起源與生活型在優勢抖的排名相當類似, 僅有些微變化。在過去七年期間,臺灣地區的歸化植物數量成長一倍,歸化植物數量的成 長也增加了臺灣與鄰近區域,包括中國大陸和日本,共有的歸化植物數量。然而這些新增 加的歸化植物多半在2002 年以前就有標本採集記錄,顯示外來植物歸化狀態的更新發表速 度緩慢,以管理防治的角度而言,可能造成反應不及的狀況。
Naturalized flora of Taiwan has been increasing in the past six after the first catalogue was colllpiled in 2002. In order to probe into the increasing pattern behind this dralll atic growth of potential invaders, we compiled and evaluated newly added naturalized species in a quest for better understanding. Furth e rlllor巴, naturalized sp的ies shared with neighboring regions, such as Mainland China and Japan, were estimated as well . The results revealed that two-thirds of these newly recruited species naturalized b巴fore 2002, and only 77 actuaIJy naturalized after 2002. The proportion of naturalized flora in the native species pool increased from 8% to 12%. The colllpositions, origins, and life fOlms ofthese potential invaders before and after 2002 were similar with slight fluctuations presented in the ranks of the dOlllinant falllilies. Number of species shared with neighboring regions multiplied due to the fast growth of the naturalized flora in Taiwan; nevertheless, the number might be understated due to the inaccessibility of the latest naturalized floras from neighboring regions. The doubled flora of naturalized species in the past six years illlplies insuff可cient attention to plant invasions and lag phases ofinvasion. The expansion ofnaturalized flora in Taiwan also increased the pools of naturalized species shared with neighboring areas, including Mainland China and Japan.


    

本卷期目次
Taiwania 55卷2期 (2010.6)
Molecular Phylogeny of Cercophora, Podospora, and Schizothecium (Lasiosphaeriaceae, Pyrenomycetes)/ Jong-How ChangHsiao-Wei KaoYei-Zeng Wang
Magnesium Enhanced Fibrinolytic Activity of Protease from Schizophyllum commune/ Chung-Lun LuShiu-Nan Chen
Acanthocephalan Fauna of Marine Fish in Taiwan and the Differentiation of Three Species by Ribosomal DNA Sequences/ Hsiu-Hui ShihHui-Yu ChenChew-Yuen Lee
Competitive Exclusion of Parthenium hysterophorus by Other Invasive Species--A Case Study from Andhra Pradesh, India/ J. Asha kumariP. Rama Chandra PrasadK. B. Reddy
Insights of the Latest Naturalized Flora of Taiwan: Change in the Past Eight Years/ Shan-Huah WuT. Y. Aleck YangYung-Ching TengChih-Yuan ChangKuoh-Cheng YangChang-Fu Hsieh
Spatial Autocorrelation Patterns of Understory Plant Species in a Subtropical Rainforest at Lanjenchi, Southern Taiwan/ Su-Wei FanChang-Fu Hsieh
Three New Bryophyte Records for Andaman Islands, India/ K. P. Rajesh
Diodia teres Walt. (Rubiaceae), a Newly Recorded Weed in Fujian/ Yi-Ding GaoRui-Jiang WangChing-I Peng
Rhododendron farrerae Tate ex Sweet (Ericaceae), a Reconfirmed Species in Taiwan/ Sheng-You LuChien-Fan ChenYu-Jen LinSheng-Zehn Yang
Sikkim Himalayas--The Megadiversity Centre of Pedicularis L. in India/ Arti GargTariq Husain
Galium paradoxum Maxim. (Rubiaceae), a Newly Recorded Plant in Taiwan/ Tsung-Hsin HsiehPo-Yi Chiang
Nomenclature Priority: about a New Combination of Pedicularis cleilanthifolia var. purpurea/ Arti Garg
Three New Species of Orchids (Orchidaceae) from Vietnam/ Leonid V. Averyanov
Riccia (Hepaticae: Ricciaceae) of West Bengal/ S. K. SinghA. K. BagS. G. Bhattacharya
 
   
 
   

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