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1
題名:Eastern Asia as a Living Museum for Archaic Angiosperms and Other Seed Plants    
東亞是古老被子植物及其他種子植物的現存博物館
著者:Robert F. Thorne
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:生命科學
刊名:Taiwania
卷期:44卷4期(1999.12)
頁碼:413-422
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

即使不令馬來西亞,亞洲仍然是世界上具有最多的被子植物料及亞抖的地區,在 本人的分類系統中(全部計755 料及亞料) ,有478 料及亞料分佈於亞洲。特別是東 亞及東南亞地區含有最多的裸子植物(在馬來半島就有裸子植物7 料中的6 料,以及 第7 南洋杉斜的貝殼杉屬)以及保留許多原始特徵的被子植物如木蘭亞綱(木繭,睡 蓮及大花草超目“介於亞綱及目之間的類階" )及毛葭亞網(毛英超目) 41 料中的27 料(另有亞洲及澳洲共有的7 料可能在一千五百萬年前當亞洲及澳洲板塊仍然相連日寄 自東南亞傳播至澳洲東北部)。另外東亞及東南亞還包含金縷梅自(薔薇亞網)絕大 部份的料及亞料,以及最原始的單子葉植物如(霉草、萬蒲、天南星及澤瀉超自) 32 料中的26 料,及百合目(百合亞網)。另外經常被研究的東亞及北美東部的植物相 關靜、以在白臺紀及第三紀期間最為密切,許多目前侷限於東亞的古老種子植物屬在過 去曾經廣泛分佈於北美及其他北半球區域,因此東亞及東南亞可說是古老維管束植物 的現存博物館。但就目前收集到的化石而言,仍不足以證明本區是裸子植物及被子植 物的故鄉。雖然如此,極可能某些裸子植物及古老的被子植物確實是在東亞(特別是 中圓及日本區域)及東南亞演化及孕育出來。
Asia, even excluding Malaysia, has the richest family and subfamily flora of angiosperms in the world, 478 of 755 total families and additional subfamilies r巴cognized in my system of classification. Eastem and southeastem Asia are especially rich in conifers (6 of 7 families plus 勾athis of the seventh family, Araucariacea巴, in Malaya) and those angiospermous families and subfamilies retaining many primitive features, 27 of 41 families of Magnoliidae (Magnolianae, Nymphaeana巴, and Rafflesianae) and Ranunculidae (Ranunculanae) (with 7 more families in Mal的ia and northeastem Australia that might have migrated from southeastem Asia since the junction of the Asiatic and Australian tectonic plates, possibly 15 million years before the present). Also represented in eastem and southeastem Asia are 9 of 9 families and additional subfamilies of Hamamelidales (Rosidae) and 26 of 32 families of Alismatidae (Triuridanae, Acoranae, Aranae, Alismatanae), and Liliales (Liliidae), which seem to be the least specialized monocots. The much studied close floristic relationships between eastem Asia and eastem North America were much stronger in Cretaceous and Tertiary time. Indeed, many of the archaic genera of seed plants now restricted to eastem Asia once were widely distributed in North America and other pa口s of the northem hemisphere. Hence, one can state that eastem and southeastem Asia are indeed a living museum of archaic vascular plants, but fossil evidence is presently inadequate to prove that the region is the major birthp1ace of the conifers and flowering plants. It is probable, however, that some of the gymnosperms and archaic angiosperms did evolve in eastem and south巴astem Asia, and especially in the Sino-Japanese Region.




本卷期目次
Taiwania 44卷4期 (1999.12)
Eastern Asia as a Living Museum for Archaic Angiosperms and Other Seed Plants/ Robert F. Thorne
Eocene Angiospermous Palynomorphs of Taiwan/ Cheng-Long Shaw
Expression and Characterization of Rice Manganese Superoxide Dismutase in Escherichia coli/ Yin-Chen TzengShu-Mei Pan
Variation in Heat Shock Protein Synthesis and Genomic Diversity in the Natural Population of Aspergillus fumigatus in Northern Taiwan/ Kuei-Yu ChenZuei-Ching Chen
Notes on Puccinia Species on Cyperaceae in Taiwan/ Huang-Chi KuoZuei-Ching Chen
Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan/ Chang-Sheng KuohGow-Ing LiaoMing-Yih Chen
Subcellular Localization of Calcium in the Crystal-Forming Sclereids of Nymphaea tetragona Georgi/ Ling-Long Kuo-HuangShiang-Jiuun CHEN
Sonerila Roxb. (Melastomataceae), a N ew Generic Record for the Flora of Taiwan/ Tsung-Hsin HsiehKuoh-Cheng Yang
 
   
 
   

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