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1
題名:Current Status of the Systematics of Astragalus L. (Fabaceae) with Special Reference to the Himalayan Species in India    
豆科黃蓍屬植物系統分類現況--印度喜馬拉雅山種類概述
著者:Lal Babu ChaudharyTikam Singh RanaKumar Kamal Anand
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:生命科學
刊名:Taiwania
卷期:53卷4期(2008.12)
頁碼:338-355
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

黃著為豆料中最多樣複雜的屬之一。雖然過去已有不少相關研究,但至今仍未有 處理全世界全部種類的該屬專論,僅有地里性的屬誌或訂正,其最大原因應為該屬種 類太多(約3000 種) ,變異也很大所致。黃著屬在生活型、生育地、植株大小、毛被、托 葉、葉軸、花序、花瓣長、呆萊形態等都有相當程度的變異。傳統上黃著屬可被分為8 到10 個亞屬,約245 個節。近年的分子譜象分析結果顯示,黃著各亞屬和其中較大的 節都不是單源群;但除少數例外之外,聲個屬則可視為一單源群。根據這些結果可以 發現黃著屬植物的染色體數目與其地理分布有相當程度的關聯。目前在印度黃著屬植 物大約有的種,大多集中在喜馬拉雅山區,但除了本研究群,本屬在"英屬印度植物誌 "發表之後,鮮少有進行相關研究。整體而言黃著屬的經濟重要性沒有很高,除了在伊 朗、中國有中藥黃著肢的買賣。在印度, A. candolleanus 則是被用於治療肺結核、皮膚 病、咳嗽、淨血之藥-"Rudantí"和"Rudravantí" 。本文為有關黃著屬分類研究之整理,特 別提供了印度產本屬植物的資訊,以供後績相關研究者的參考。
Astragalus is considered one ofthe most diverse genera in the family Leguminosae (nom. alt. Fabacea巴). Although a Iarge number of works have been carried out on the genus, no monograph is available except some regional accounts and revisions chiefly at sectional level. lt may be due to the sheer size ofthe genus (ca. 3000 spp.) and diverse nature, the genus is quite variable in habit and habitats, size of the plants, nature of indumentums, stipules, leaf rachis, types of inflorescence, relative length of petals, pods 巴tc. Usually, genus is divided into eight to ten subg巴nera and more than 245 sections. ln recently conducted molecular phylogenetic studies it has been shown that none of the subg巴nera and large sections are monophyletic. However, it has been clearly demonstrated that Astragalus is monophyletic except some outlier species. The chromosome numbers are also quite interesting and significant in Astragalus for its phylogenetic studies. There is a strong correlation between its geographic distribution and chromosome numbers. Currently about 80 species have been recorded from lndia chi 巴fly from the Himalayas. Except some of our recent publications, not much studies have been carried out on the genus in lndia after 'The Flora of British lndia'. Astragalus is not of much economic importance, however, some of its species ar巴well known for commercial gum tragacanth production especially in lran and China. In India, A. candolleanus is a well known drug as ‘Rudanti' or ‘Rudravanti' used for tuberculos 芯, skin diseases, coughs and blood purifier. The aim of this article is to review the entire work carried out on Astragalus and to bring out scatt巴red information at one. place for better understanding ofthe subject and to find out the future prospective ofthe research in India on the genus.


    

本卷期目次
Taiwania 53卷4期 (2008.12)
Vegetation Pattern and Woody Species Composition of a Broad-Leaved Forest at the Upstream Basin of Nantzuhsienhsi in Mid-southern Taiwan/ Kuoh-Cheng YangChang-Fu HsiehLi-Hao KuanJyh-Feng SuShau-Ting Chiu
Current Status of the Systematics of Astragalus L. (Fabaceae) with Special Reference to the Himalayan Species in India/ Lal Babu ChaudharyTikam Singh RanaKumar Kamal Anand
Tree Diversity and Structure of Andaman Giant Evergreen Forests, India/ M. RajkumarN. Parthasarathy
Aeropalynological Study of Kinmen Island, Taiwan/ Shu-Yue HuangArthur HsiaoSu-Hwa CHEN
A Step-by-Step Optimization Guide for Applying Tissue Specific RNA in-situ Hybridization to Non-Model Plant Species/ Chun-Neng WangYung-Chan ChangChun-Hsien Wu
Various Microscopic Methods for Investigating the Venuloid Idioblasts of Pteris grevilleana Wall./ Tzu-Tong KaoShiang-Jiuun CHENWen-Liang ChiouYi-Chun ChuangLing-Long Kuo-Huang
A New Species of Hedychium (Zingiberaceae) from Southern Laos/ Pornpimon Wongsuwan
A New Species of Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae) from Southern Laos/ Chayan PicheansoonthonSupachai Koonterm
Silene fissipetala (Caryophyllaceae), the Correct Name for S. fortunei from Continental China and Taiwan/ J. F. Veldkamp
Two Species of Kernia (Plectomycetes) in Taiwan/ Jong-How ChangYei-Zeng Wang
Rivina humilis L. (Phytolaccaceae), a Newly Naturalized Plant in Taiwan/ Yen-Hsueh TsengChih-Chiang WangYun-Tsao Chen
 
   
 
   

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