原名「台灣學術線上」
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dvd臺灣農村規劃的在地美臺灣閱讀
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:Modeling the Distribution of Rare or Cryptic Bird Species of Taiwan    
臺灣稀有或隱蔽性鳥種之模式預測
著者:Tsai-Yu Wu(吳采諭) ;Pei-Fen Lee(李培芬) ;Ruey-Shing Lin(林瑞興) ;Jian-Long Wu(吳建龍)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:生命科學
關鍵字:生物地理學 ; 保育等級 ; 地理資訊系統 ; 稀有度 ; 臺灣鳥類相 ; Biogeography ; conservation status ; GIS ; rarity ; Taiwan avifauna
刊名:Taiwania
卷期:57卷4期(2012.12)
頁碼:342-358
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

為了由巨觀生態學的角度增進對臺灣鳥類的瞭解,並提供保育資訊,建構未曾被研究過之物種的分布預測模式為當務之急。本研究以在樣本數偏低時仍被認為能產生可信賴預測結果之最大熵(maximum entropy, maxent)模式方法建構27種稀有或隱蔽性繁殖鳥類之分布預測模式。我們整合生物分布調查研究報告、逐一聯絡中華鳥會資料庫中的稀有種紀錄者、搜尋網路公開資料庫以及文獻報告,建構高品質的物種分布資料庫,得到本研究27個目標物種的「出現紀錄」資料共涵蓋2022個1×1公里網格;將此資料與預先篩選的10個環境因子建構各物種的分布預測機率模式,並以「最小出現機率值」(lowest presence threshold)為閾值,保留大於閾值的分布預測機率值,但將小於閾值的分布預測機率值轉換為零,作為預測結果。我們逐一探討各物種的分布預測結果,如棲地需求、棲地完整性或破碎化程度、物種偵測度,以及資料可信度,並提出應用建議。本研究屬於利用大尺度電子資料庫與近代分析技術協助臺灣鳥類監測與評估系列研究之一。
For the study of the macroecology and conservation of Taiwan's birds, there was an urgent need to develop distribution models of bird species whose distribution had never before been modeled. Therefore, we here model the distributions of 27 mostly rare and cryptic breeding bird species using a statistical approach which has been shown to be especially reliable for mode ling species with a low sample size of presence localities, namely the maximum entropy (Maxent) mode ling technique. For this purpose, we began with a dedicated attempt to collate as much high-quality distributional data as possible, assembling databases from several scientific reports, contacting individual data recorders and searching publicly accessible database, the internet and the available literature. This effort resulted in 2022 grid cell s of 1×1 km size being associated with a presence record for one of the 27 species. These record s and 10 pre-selected environmental variables were then used to model each species' probability distribution which we show here with all grid cell s below the lowest presence threshold being converted to zeros. We then in detail discuss the interpretation and applicability of these distributions, whereby we pay close attention to habit at requirements, the intactness and fragmentation of their habit at, the general detectability of the species and data reliability. This study is another one in an ongoing series of studies which highlight the usefulness of using large electronic databases and modem analytical methods to help with the monitoring and assessment of Taiwan's bird species.


    

本卷期目次
Taiwania 57卷4期 (2012.12)
Dispersal of Airborne Pollen in Chatienshan Nature Reserve, Northern Taiwan, with Emphasis on Taiwan Beech/ Chuan KuLiang-Chi WangSu-Hwa Chen
Modeling the Distribution of Rare or Cryptic Bird Species of Taiwan/ Tsai-Yu WuPei-Fen LeeRuey-Shing LinJian-Long Wu
Changes of Plant Communities Classification and Species Composition along the Micro-topography at the Lienhuachih Forest Dynamics Plot in the Central Taiwan/ Li-Wan ChangShau-Ting ChiuKuoh-Cheng YangHsiang-Hua WangJeen-Lian HwongChang-Fu Hsieh
Hymenorchis phitamii (Orchidaceae)-New Genus and Species in the Flora of Vietnam/ Leonid V. AveryanovNong Van DuyPhan Ke Loc
Newly Discovered Native Orchids of Taiwan (V)/ Tsan-Piao LinShu-Hui Wu
Studies on Oil-bodies in Some Liverworts from Sikkim, Eastern Himalaya, India/ Devendra SinghMonalisa DeyD. K. Singh
Genus Pyrgillus Nyl. (Lichenized Ascomycota: Pyrenulaceae) in India/ K. P. SinghPushpi Singh
A Newly Naturalized Species in Taiwan: Phytolacca icosandra L. (Phytolaccaceae)/ Szu-I HsiehChi-Te LeeJin-Hua WuHuan-Yu LinChing-Long Yeh
Gastrodia theana Aver. (Orchidaceae) a Newly Recorded Species from the Central Taiwan/ Szu-I HsiehChi-Te LeeChong-Sheng LeouChuan-Rong YehChing-Long YehJin-Hua Wu
Asplenium aethiopicum-A New Distributional Record for Northern India/ Nripemo OdyuoDilip Kumar RoyChristopher Roy Fraser-Jenkins
Sonneratia ovata (Sonneratiaceae)-A New Distributional Record for India from Andaman and Nicobar Islands/ M. P. Gouthan-BharathiM. KaliyamoorthyS. Dam RoyP. KrishnanGrinson GeorgeC. Murugan
Sanguisorba minor Scop. (Rosaceae), A New Addition to the Indian Flora/ Syed Mubashir AndrabiWaheeda RehmanZafar Ahmad ReshiAbdul Rashid NaqshiAijaz Hassan Ganie
Ixora rangonensis Bremek. (Rubiaceae): A New Record for India/ H. A. BarbhuiyaB. K. DuttaAjit Kr. DasA. K. Baishya
A New Alien Distribution Record and Addition to the Flora of Taiwan: Jacquemontia polyantha (Schltdl. & Cham.) Hallier f. (Convolvulaceae)/ Sheng-Zehn Yang
Rediscovery of Berberis nilghiriensis Ahrendt (Berberidaceae) from Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, Southern India/ V. S. RamachandranHoney John ASiljo JosephMounir M. Bekhit
Four Newly Naturalized Grasses and Rushes in Taiwan/ Ming-Jer JungMin-Kuan ChuTian-Chuan HsuRui-Chin KaoSheng-Sian Dai
Lysimachia candida Lindl. (Primulaceae), an Extinct Species and also a New Record Species to Taiwan/ T. Y. Aleck YangIrina Illarionova
Review: The Outline of Taxonomic Literature of Eastern Asian Higher Plants/ Li Zhang
 
   
 
   

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