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題名:Smoking in Korean-Chinese Middle School Students: Prevalence and Risk Factors    
韓裔中國籍中學生吸菸之盛行率及其危險因子
著者:SoonBok E. ParkSoon-Nyung YunWen-Ying CuiHyang Kim
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:吸菸 ; 青少年 ; 韓裔中國籍 ; 中學生 ; 危險因數 ; smoking ; adolescent ; Korean-Chinese ; middle school student ; risk factor
刊名:The Journal of Nursing Research
卷期:21卷2期(2013.6)
頁碼:139-147
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

背景 隨著中國青少年吸菸人數逐漸增加,青少年吸菸已成為重要的公共健康問題。儘管許多研究提供了中國青少年的吸菸率及其相關因素,但對於韓裔中國籍青少年的吸菸現狀則缺少可用的研究資料。
目的 探討韓裔中國籍中學生的吸菸率,並探索影響其吸菸行為之因子。
方法 資料採集於中國吉林省延邊地區六所韓裔中國籍中學生。利用χ2 test以及ANOVA探討三組:(1)從未吸菸人群、(2)曾經吸菸(在一生中)以及(3)現有吸菸,並利用邏輯回歸分析影響吸菸行為之因子。
結果 於2,116位參與者中,7.3%的男生與3.7%的女生表示在一生中曾吸過菸。7.2%的男生及0.8%的女生為現有吸菸者。組別間的區別在性別、吸菸的朋友人數、父母是否吸菸、學校表揚、飲酒經驗,以及拒菸意圖上均達顯著水準(p<.001, p<.05)。比較從未吸菸以及曾經吸菸的學生,現有吸菸的學生明顯的感受到較低的拒菸環境(p=.000)。男生的吸菸率為女生的2.24倍,而有三位以上吸菸朋友的學生之吸菸率為沒有吸菸朋友的學生的11.57倍。
結論 研究結果可作為發展韓裔中國籍青少年拒菸介入活動之參考,此預防活動應包括動員父母,增加父母對孩子不吸菸的重視和預備青少年拒菸的能力。
Background: Cigarette smoking is rising among Chinese adolescents, and adolescent smoking is a crucial public health issue. Despite the number of studies that have explored the prevalence and various aspects of adolescent smoking in China, we know of no data currently available on smoking behavior among Korean-Chinese adolescents.
Purpose: This article studies the prevalence of smoking and factors affecting smoking behavior among Korean-Chinese adolescents.
Methods: Data were collected from six Korean-Chinese middle schools in the Yanbian region of Jilin, China. The differences in data from three groups (never-smokers, ever-smokers, and current smokers) were analyzed using χ2 tests and analysis of variance. Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors affecting smoking behavior.
Results: Among the 2,116 participants, 7.3% of the boys and 3.7%of the girls were ever-smokers, and 7.2%of the boys and 0.8% of the girls were current smokers. Differences among groups in terms of gender, number of friends currently smoking, parental smoking behavior, academic performance, alcohol consumption, and intention not to smoke were all significant (p<.001, .05). Compared with never-smoking and ever-smoking students, currently smoking students perceived a significantly less antismoking environment (p=.000). The smoking rate was 2.24 times higher in boys than girls and was 11.57 times higher in students who had three smoking friends compared with those who had no smoking friends.
Conclusion: The findings may help develop more effective intervention approaches to prevent adolescent smoking. Preventive programs should involve smoking parents by increasing the value they place on their children's nonsmoking behavior and equipping them to help deter adolescent smoking.


    

本卷期目次
The Journal of Nursing Research 21卷2期 (2013.6)
The Impacts of Widowhood, Chronic Disease, and Physical Function on Mortality Among Older People/ Shu-Hsi HoWen-Shai Hung
Illness Representations and Coping Processes of Taiwanese Patients With Early-Stage Chronic Kidney Disease/ Chiu-Chu LinMei-Chun ChenHsiu-Fang HsiehShu-Chen Chang
Correlations Among Social Support, Depression, and Anxiety in Patients With Type-2 Diabetes/ Shu-Fang Vivienne WuLi-Sei YoungFang-Chih YehYu-Mei JianKuei-Chen ChengMei-Chen Lee
Smoking in Korean-Chinese Middle School Students: Prevalence and Risk Factors/ SoonBok E. ParkSoon-Nyung YunWen-Ying CuiHyang Kim
Development and Validation of the Postpartum Sleep Quality Scale/ Chiu-Ling YangChen-Hsiang YuChung-Hey Chen
The Relationship Between Geriatric Depression and Health-Promoting Behaviors Among Community-Dwelling Seniors/ Chyong-Fang ChangMei-Hsiang LinJeng WangJun-Yu FanLi-Na ChouMei-Yen Chen
Disability Assessment: The Efficacy of Multimedia Interactive Nurse Education/ Hui-Chaun ChiangFeng-Yu LinYueh-Juen Hwu
Quality of Life Patterns and Survival Among Older People/ Chih-Ping Li
 
   
 
   

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