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1
題名:莫拉克風災後實施防災演習的檢討    
A Review on the Implementation of Disaster Prevention Drills after Typhoon Morakot
著者:陳淑慈(Shu-Tzu Chen) ;許中立(Chung-Li Hsu)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台中市
學科:工程技術
關鍵字:莫拉克颱風 ; 防災演練 ; 疏散避難 ; 社區居民 ; Typhoon Morakot ; Disaster prevention drill ; Emergency evacuation ; Community residents
刊名:坡地防災學報
頁碼:27-36
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

1999年921地震之後政府立即針對土石流潛勢溪流區域進行防災疏散避難路線的規劃、宣導與演練工作,並著重於社區自主防災組織建立,於防災期間社區自力救援能力提升,以降低災害的影響程度,成效頗獲肯定。到了2009年莫拉克颱風重創臺灣南部及東部,各級防災組織的運作、協作與能力受到嚴峻的考驗,為此行政院災害防救委員會以三年為期補助經費各縣市鄉鎮辦理災害防救演習,依各鄉鎮災害型式各自規劃演練方向內容;行政院則統合各部會補助經費撥款各縣市辦理縣級之統合演練,演練項目由內政部訂定災害背景條件及重點演練項目,並以評比方式激勵縣市政府爭取榮譽。在各縣市依財政狀況加碼投入防災演練的情況下,各式大型場景如爆破、巴士墜崖或核電損毀之情節被以戲劇化的表演方式呈現,大量的搶救吸引與包裝演練過程,四階段防災內容未被突顯,演練中社區居民動員參與不易,災害來時實際情形也非如演練安排如此圓滿,大量災民收容安置、傷患處置、廢棄物清理復原、衛生消毒與心靈重建等亦應再細膩的檢驗為宜。
After the 921 Earthquake in 1999, the government immediately planned evacuation routes of disaster prevention in areas of debris-flow-prone streams, developed promotion and drills, and established independent disaster prevention organizations of communities in order to enhance self-rescue capability of communities in the periods of disaster prevention and lower the impact of disasters. The effectiveness of those efforts was significant. However, when, Typhoon Morakot hit southern and eastern Taiwan in 2009, the operation, cooperation and capabilities of disaster prevention organizations at different levels were severely challenged. Thus, the National Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission, upon three years of efforts, subsidized disaster prevention drills in towns, cities and counties. and planned content of drills according to the types of disaster. Executive Yuan integrated subsidies of different departments, and allocated funds to cities and counties to implement county-level integrated drills. The Ministry of the Interior constructed disaster conditions, key drill items, encouraged county and city governments by rating. Based on financial conditions, the cities and counties also invested the funds in disaster prevention drills. Various large-scale scenes, such as explosion, bus falling from cliff or destroyed nuclear plant, were presented by dramatic performance. There were attractive rescues and drills, but the four phases of disaster prevention were not highlighted, and community residents' participation in drills was unsatisfying. The staged drills do not reflect the situations in real disasters. Moreover, sheltering of a large number of victims, treatment for injured persons, cleaning and restoration of wastes, sterilization and mental reconstruction should also be carefully examined.


    

本卷期目次
坡地防災學報
611水災高雄市桃源區復興里災害成因分析/ 許中立葉師杏
南投縣國姓鄉集水區水土保持災害成因與整治優選探討/ 陳文福陳婉婷王冬成蕭國亮陳俞瑾
莫拉克風災後實施防災演習的檢討/ 陳淑慈許中立
台灣南部屏東平地造林土壤入滲與逕流來源/ 盧惠生林壯沛林介龍王秋嫻
 
   
 
   

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