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1
題名:天台懺法的創新整合模式    
A Study on the Creative Integration Model of the Tiantai Repentance Rituals
著者:黃國清(Kuo-Ching Huang)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:新北市
學科:人文綜合
關鍵字:天台懺法 ; 智顗 ; 懺悔 ; 禪觀 ; Tiantai repentance ritual ; Zhiyi ; repentance practice ; meditation
刊名:華梵人文學報
卷期:SI2013專刊(2013.5)
頁碼:225-254
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本文聚焦智顗所制懺法,探討他對大乘懺悔行法如何拓展、深化,從而提升懺悔的修學價值。大乘懺悔實踐本來意在消解罪障,以利菩薩行深進,也易流於世俗利益追求。南北朝時期禮懺活動盛行,仍未見懺法與禪法的積極連結。智顗曾參學慧曠與慧思,獲致修懺的深層體驗,將懺悔與禪觀在方法上融合起來,成為甚具價值的創新實踐模式。天台懺法特色包括:昇華懺法為三昧行法;事懺為基導入實相理懺;統合多元方法以對治各類障礙;嚴設修學條件以達到最佳效驗;依據修懺體驗給出詳實指導。這種創新整合模式具備由淺入深的懺悔禪觀次第,頗能助益佛法實踐。
In this article, I will focus on explaining the repentance rituals according to Zhiyi (智顗), in order to broaden and deepen our knowledge of the tradition of the Mahāyāna practices in repentance, and to highlight the religious value of those practices. The fundamental purpose of Mahāyāna practices in repentance is to release or liberate ourselves from karma-effects resulting from our 'wrong doings'; yet, it also implies a tendency for pursuing worldly benefits. During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, practices of repentance had become popular, yet no case has been found where repentance ritual and meditation were combined in that period. When Zhiyi studied under Huiguang (慧曠)and Huisi(慧思), he experienced and achieved a deep understanding of the religious sense of practicing repentance. Later, he integrated the methods of practicing repentance and meditation to create an advanced model of Buddhist practice. The characteristics of Tiantai repentance rituals embrace the subsequent practices: (1) applying the repentance rituals to the methods of meditation, (2) proceeding to repentance in terms of true principle (理懺) from repentance based on rituals(事懺), (3) integrating a variety of methods to cope with different obstacles, (4) setting standards to engender the best result in practicing Buddhist cultivation, (5) presenting a detailed guidance based on personal religious experiences. This kind of creative integration-model is provided with the practice-scheme of a "low to high order of repentance-meditation," which has evidently enriched the long tradition of Buddhist cultivation.


    

本卷期目次
華梵人文學報 SI2013專刊 (2013.5)
天台學的核心觀念與實踐:對海外的天台學研究的反思/ 吳汝鈞
論「五重玄義」的解經體例--再談中國佛教宗派的成立依據/ 李四龍
天台三觀與華嚴三觀/ 陳英善
四明知禮論法界圓融/ 韋漢傑
天台懺法的創新整合模式/ 黃國清
天台的圓頓教觀與生活的中道實踐/ 尤惠貞
《法華五百問論》在日流傳史/ 釋真定
天台智顗對三觀思想的展開和三諦思想的關係
漢傳佛教哲學矛盾與歧義之實用義
不矛盾律是否規定存有論命題:天台佛學知識論中之矛盾說
慧思《諸法無諍三昧法門》「止觀所緣轉向」研究/ 釋性廣
論《摩訶止觀、破法遍》之「一念心」-以「無生門破法」之從假入空破法遍為主/ 張麗卿
法華禪觀與法華圖像之關係-由慧思「法華三昧」禪觀看觀音菩薩「普現色身」形象的義涵/ 王晴薇
鳩摩羅什《維摩詰經》實相譯語及天台疏釋之研究/ 程恭讓
 
   
 
   

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