原名「台灣學術線上」
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dvd臺灣廣告50年:23臺灣廣告50年圖解心經:260字說
   
   
   
     
   
 
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1
題名:幼兒死亡概念之探究    
A Study of Children 's Death Concepts
著者:汪欣怡(Wang, Hsin-Yi) ;黃馨慧(Huang, Hsin-Hui)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:嘉義縣
學科:哲學 ; 宗教
關鍵字:死亡概念 ; 死亡恐懼 ; 心理歷程 ; death concept ; afraid of dead ; psychological process
刊名:生死學研究
頁碼:117-158
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

中國人傳統的觀念,成人總是避免讓幼見接觸死亡,從經過喪家門口要幼兒鳴住眼睛可見一斑,而成人的保護過度真的能讓幼兒避開相關死亡的情境嗎?其實 死亡」是真實的存在我們生活週遭,幼見在日常生活中或多或少都會接觸到相關死亡的訊息。本研究起於台北市某私立托兒所八位中小班混齡幼兒,親眼目睹小狗意外死亡事件,藉以探究: (1)學齡前幼兒對於死亡概念的瞭解; ( 2 )幼兒面對死亡時的心理歷程。研究工具採唔談法與自然觀察紀錄,從幼兒、家長、與研究者三方面角度暸解幼兒對死亡概念的認識與心理歷程。以本研究結果認為r 死亡」這議題不該再被阻隔與邊緣化,應讓幼兒自然而然的接觸在生活所面臨到的事物,進而學習面對問題時的因應之道。因此建議,在父母方面: (1)讓幼兒在自然的情境中接觸生老病死的循環; (2)建立對生命正確的態度; (3)當面對死亡情境與以適當的慰藉; (4)慎選電視節目。在教保人員方面: ( 1 )充實生命教育的課程; (2)讓幼兒實際體驗生命的歷程; (3)輔導幼見正確抒發情緒的管道。希望本研究有助於家長與教保人員對幼見面對死亡議題時有所瞭解。
In Chinese tradition, parents always protect their children away from death. It can be proved that when passing a funeral, parents covered children's eyes. But can adult's protection really help children away from death? In fact, death is really existing around our daily life, children should leam about death. Participants of this research are eight preschool-aged children in a nursery center in Taipei, those children witnessed a dog died in car accident, and the research investigates: (a) how the preschool-aged children know about death? (b) How children adjust to this accident? The researcher used interview and observation to understand children, parents and teachers' death concepts and their psychological process. The results are: "death" is not to be separated and marginalization, children should face everything naturally in their daily life in order to leam how to solve problems. The researcher suggests parents: (a) Let children leam about life's circulation in a natural way. (b) Have positive attitude about life. (c) Provide comfort when children experience death (d) Chooses the television program cautiously. Suggestions to teachers are: (a) to enrich life curriculum. (b) Let children experience the cyc1e of life. (c) Teach children express their feeling and emotions. This research can help parents and teachers to understand children's concepts of death and how adults can help.


    

本卷期目次
生死學研究
寵物殯葬設施管理制度之初探/ 楊國柱王姿菁
幼兒死亡概念之探究/ 汪欣怡黃馨慧
台灣喪親家庭關係之變化與探究/ 蔡佩真
大學生宗教信仰與來生信念關係之研究/ 嚴景惠蔡明昌
 
   
 
   

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