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題名:由《新書》論賈誼政治理論的建構    
Subject: On Construction Methods of Political Theories of Jia Yi from New Books
著者:侯潔之(Chieh-Chih, Hou)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:嘉義市
學科:人文綜合
關鍵字:賈誼 ; 新書 ; 儒家 ; 尊君 ; 政治理論 ; Jia Yi ; New Books ; Confucianism ; respecting emperors ; political theories
刊名:人文研究期刊
卷期:6期(2009.6)
頁碼:39-59
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

賈誼繼承了先秦儒家禮教的政治思想,提出以禮重建社會、經濟、政治秩序的理論,並雜揉了法家極端尊君的色彩,成為以禮為號召、以法為政統的手段的政治獨特理論。這種兼蓄禮法的特色,在他嚴格階級、禮遇大臣、分別服章、中央集權的理念中發揮的淋漓盡致。這些政論表面以儒家的倫理觀為理論支持,然究其實質,並非建立在儒家道德心性的價值基礎上,而是依循法家尊君的思維,以抬高君權為目的導向。透過賈誼禮法結合的政治思想,可發現賈誼雖以儒為名,乃至不時表露出崇儒貶法的態度,但是其政論的實質核心仍是法家的尊君觀。藉著儒家禮教以懷柔撫氏,復通過法家的整筋手段,達到集權中央的政治效果,不僅可以避免民心背反,也可以穩定國本、安定政局,從而形成禮法結合的獨特政論。
Inheriting the political thoughts of Confucianists' ethics in Pre-Qin Dynasty,Jia Yi proposes the theories of reconstruction of social, economic and politicalorder and mixes the extreme emperor respect color of Legalists as the uniquepolitical theories of appealing to ethics with means of political reign. Suchspirit of containing both ethics and law is completely developed in his ideas ofstrict c1assification of c1asses, courteous treatment of ministers, respectobedience and centralization of state power. Superficial紗, such theories aresupported by Confucianism views. In fact, they are not established on the ethicsmental values of Confucianism but depend on the thoughts of respectingemperors of the Legalists to enhance the power of emperors. Through thepolitical thoughts in combination of ethics and law, one can find that Jia Yiexpresses the attitude of respecting Confucianism and reducing respect ofLegalism in the name of Confucianism. However, the core values of the theoriesare still respecting emperors of the Legalism. With ethics of Confucianism tocomfort people and then rectification of the Legalism, he achieves the goal ofcentralization of state power. This not only avoids resistance of people but alsostabilizes the foundation of the nation and political situations, forming his uniquepolitical theories of combination of ethics and Legalism.


    

本卷期目次
人文研究期刊 6期 (2009.6)
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由《新書》論賈誼政治理論的建構/ 侯潔之
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