原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:雲林縣古坑鄉山峰社區蝴蝶資源調查     (52點)
Butterfly inventory in Shanfeng community of Gukeng Township, Yunlin County, Taiwan
著者:何健鎔(Jen-Zon Ho) ;謝玲(Ling Xie) ;陳寶樹(Bao-Shu Chen) ;劉中慧(Zhong-Hui Liu) ;劉淑芬(Shu-Fen Liu) ;謝秋華(Qiu-Hua Xie) ;陳顯彰(Xian-Zhang Chen)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:南投縣
學科:生命科學
關鍵字:蝴蝶 ; 山峰 ; 穿越線調查 ; 蜜源 ; 黑點粉蝶 ; Butterflies ; Shanfeng ; Pollard's walk ; Nectar ; Leptosia nina niobe
刊名:台灣生物多樣性研究
卷期:16卷3期(2014.7)
頁碼:185-210
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本研究主要目的在協助雲林縣古坑鄉山峰社區居民發展生態社區與瞭解蝴蝶資源,並為山峰國小轉型成實驗小學,推展環境教育,以探討當地蝴蝶之組成、結構與分布。因此,選定二坑、冷水坑及金瓜坑等3條穿越線,自2013年1月至12月止,每月1次調查當地蝴蝶資源,計12次,共記錄5科127種3,694隻次成蝶。加上單帶弄蝶(Parnara guttata)和黑星弄蝶(Suastus gremius)2種於穿越線外所記錄之蝴蝶,總種數達129種。其中臺灣特有種8種,包括琉璃紋鳳蝶(Papilio hermosanus)、臺灣鳳蝶(P. thaiwanus)、大波紋蛇目蝶(Ypthima formosana)、白條斑蔭蝶(Penthema formosanum)、埔里三線蝶(Neptis taiwana)、臺灣小紫蛺蝶(Chitoria chrysolora)、大黑星弄蝶(Seseria formosana)、細帶黃斑弄蝶(Potanthus motzui),而黃裳鳳蝶(Troides aeacus formosanus)為其他應予保育類。比較各穿越線之蝴蝶種類數,結果以金瓜坑穿越線的102種為最高,冷水坑的97種居次,而二坑則為95種。黑點粉蝶(Leptosia nina niobe)共發現261隻次,且成蝶全年發生,為當地最優勢種蝴蝶。以豐富度而言,二坑1,474隻次為最高,金瓜坑則為1,197隻次居次,而冷水坑的1,023隻次最少。各月發現之蝴蝶種類數以1月種類數最低,僅有7種29隻次,其餘月份均高於30種,而以8月77種為最高。以生物多樣性指數Simpson index及Shannon-Wiener index分析各穿越線的之差異,結果相差不大,然冷水坑穿越線的Evenness指數明顯較低,顯示該穿越線的旁邊受到的環境干擾較大。比較不同科別優勢種組成之幼蟲食草與當地的植被,結果大致相符,此外亦記錄當地成蝶蜜源植物計12科20種。本文亦建議社區居民規劃蝴蝶保育策略、監測及經營管理之方法。
This study is an inventory of butterflies in Shanfeng community of Gukeng Townhsip, Yunlin County, Taiwan. The result can be useful for Shanfeng, Gukeng Township, Yunlin County to develop into an ecological community, the local elementary school to transform into an experimental forestry school, and promoting environmental education. Three transect lines were selected in Urkeng, Lengshuikeng and Genkakeng in a monthly investigation of butterfly composition, structure and distribution from January to December in 2013. From the 12 counts made during the investigation a total of 3,702 individuals, 127 species and five families were found. Skippers, Parnara guttata and Suastus gremius, were found beside transect lines with 129 species, among them eight were endemic species, namely Papilio hermosanus, Papilio thaiwanus, Ypthima formosana, Penthema formosanum, Neptis taiwana, Chitoria chrysolora, Seseria formosana, and Potanthus motzui, as well as a rare and precious species by Cultural Heritage Preservation Act, Troides aeacus formosanus. Comparing the number of species found at each transect line, Genkakeng had the highest number of 102 species, followed by Lengshuikeng 99 species, and Urkeng 95 species. Comparison of the abundance of each transect line showed Urkeng had the highest count of 1,474 individuals, followed by Genkakeng 1,197 individuals and Lengshuikeng 1,023 individuals. Among them, Leptosia nina niobe was the most abundant species with 261 individuals counted throughout the studied period. Species richness fluctuated monthly and was the lowest with only 29 individuals of seven species in January, the highest 77 species in August, and more than 30 species in the other months. Simpson index and Shannon-Wiener index of each transect line showed insignificant difference. Evenness at Lengshuikeng was lower and indicated human disturbance around the habitat. Description of hostplants of dominant larvae was highly similar to local vegetation composition. In addition, 20 species belonging to 12 families of nectar plants were recorded. In this paper butterfly conservation strategies, monitoring and management methods are also proposed for community residents' reference.




本卷期目次
台灣生物多樣性研究 16卷3期 (2014.7)
雲林縣古坑鄉山峰社區蝴蝶資源調查/ 何健鎔謝玲陳寶樹劉中慧劉淑芬謝秋華陳顯彰
使用細胞自動化模擬烏石坑地區之地景動態/ 呂明倫何芫薇
農地造林對鳥類群聚及其多樣性之影響/ 葛兆年陳一銘莊鈴木邱志明
臺灣嚴重瀕絕植物-紫芋蘭之無菌播種與植株再生/ 張麗慧劉丞祥李權裕
阿里山地區玉山杜鵑(森氏杜鵑)根菌結合體形態及其內生菌/ 林瑞進張儷馨廖一光李志珉曾聰堯
New Additions to the Fern Flora of Taiwan (2)/ Yi-Han ChangWen-Liang ChiouYao-Moan HuangBuo-Neng ShenChien-Yu LinTian-Chuan Hsu
A newly naturalized species in Taiwan: Hibiscus asper Hook. f. (Malvaceae)/ Chi-Te LeeSzu-I HsiehChong-Sheng LeouHuan-Yu LinChing-Long Yeh
頂頭花--台灣一種常被誤認的稀有唇形科植物/ 楊曆縣謝宗欣
 
   
 
   

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