原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:台灣北部Atayal族及Saisiat族頭髮顏色及頭髮形狀之研究    
A Study on the Hair Colour and Hair Form of the Atayal and Saisiat in Northern Taiwan
著者:黃伯超(Po-Chao Huang)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:人類學
關鍵字:台灣原住民 ; 泰雅族 ; 賽夏族 ; 頭髮顏色 ; 頭髮形狀 ; Taiwan aborigines ; Atayal ; Saisiat ; hair colour ; hair form
刊名:考古人類學刊
卷期:79期(2013.12)
頁碼:123-134
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

針對Atayal族成人共834件(男性394件,女性440件)及91件Saisiat族成人(男性68件,女性23件)的頭髮樣本,使用Fischer-Saller髮色表判定其顏色。若將Atayal各族群合在一起,不論男女都是黑褐色(X)的百分比最高(男45.4%,女38.2%),黑褐色與純黑之中間色(X-Y)次之(男35.3%,女31.1%),而純黑色(Y)再次之(男8.4%,女19.8%);暗褐色(W)則比純黑色略少(男10.4%,女9.8%)。在Saisiat族則以X-Y最多(男48.5%,女43.5%),而X次之(男44.1%,女34.8%)。在男性Y居於第三(5.9%),而W甚少;但在女性W居於第三(13.0%),而Y(8.7%)居於第四。
用於判定頭髮形狀的樣本中,Atayal族共有705件(男271件,女434件);Saisiat族共有82件(男59件,女23件)。依據Martin氏之頭髮形狀分類法進行檢查所得結果如下:無論男女,平滑毛最多,約佔80%至95%;剛毛並不多,而男性(5~9.5%)明顯多於女性(0~5%);平波狀毛也不多,女性(8.8~13.0%)略多於男性(3.4~6.3%);廣波狀毛最少見且以女性為主。
The hair colour of 834 hair samples, taken from Atayal men (394 cases) and women (440 cases) and 91 samples of Saisiat men (68 cases) and women (23 cases), was examined using Fischer-Saller's hair colour tables. The most prevalent hair colour for Atayal tribal groups combined was X which is black brown (men 45.4%, women 38.2%). Second was X-Y, the colour in between X and Y (men 35.3%, women 31.3%). Y is black which ranked third (men 8.4%, women 19.8%). Dark brown (W) ranked fourth. For the Saisiat tribe, X-Y was the most prevalent (men 48.5%, women 43.5%) followed by X (men 44.1%, women 34.8%). Third was Y (5.9%) and W was found in only a few men. However, in women, W(13.0%) was third and Y (8.7%) was fourth.
The number of Atayal hair samples examined for hair form was 705 (men 271 cases, women 434 cases), and that of Saisiat hair samples was 82 (men 59 cases, women 23 cases). Hair form was examined and classified according to Martin's textbook. The most prevalent hair form was "straight-fine" regardless of men or women, seen in 80 to 95% of the samples. "Straight-coarse" hair was seen in 5-9.5% for men and only 0-5% for women. "Flat-wavy" hair was seen more in women (8.8-13.0%), than in men (3.4-6.3%). "Wide wavy" hair was seen mostly in women, but in a low percentage (0-5.9%).


    

本卷期目次
考古人類學刊 79期 (2013.12)
山普拉墓地出土漢晉時期織金織物的分析與研究/ 柏小劍龔德才郭金龍王博
台灣北部Atayal族及Saisiat族頭髮顏色及頭髮形狀之研究/ 黃伯超
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