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1
題名:DETERMINANTS OF CITYWARD MIGRANTS' FERTILITY: THEORY AND EVIDENCE    
遷入都市者生育力之決定因素:理論與實際之探討
著者:Ming-Cheng Chang(張明正)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:社會學
刊名:Journal of Population Studies
卷期:10期(1987.6)
頁碼:129-165
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本論文主要研討畫灣地區運移者與非連移者生育力差異之決定因素,尤其著重於由J啥時才遷 入都市者。所建立之社會經濟模式涉及地區特性、移動狀況、背景特性,以及現有特性等四 組因素。此模式藉蘊迴歸及叢分類分析法,並配合足以代表全島主要育齡婦女大樣本調查資 料加以分析。 就鄉鎮往都市之連移者而言,其平均希望、期望及實臨的生育力係介於運出地與遷入地 非還移者之間。此差異經控制妻之年齡或結婚期間以及夫妻之教育程度後,雖有縮少但仍舊 存在。不過,進一步調整現有社經因素後,其生育力之差異己微不足道。運移是導致傳統家 戶結構改變的主因之一,同時都市環攝的影響似可對移動者增進戶外活動,對大眾傳播接觸 頻度、改變童男輕女的態度、和重現子女教育,藉以沖淡生育價值觀念。此等因素足以解釋 遁入都市者生育力比鄉鎮非遷移者低的原因。當然,遷居都市後,孩子對一般物品相對價格 對移動者感受上的提高可能也有關係'但役有實際資料可考驗此假說。至於與都市非移動者 生育力相似,主要是由於移入都市者對童男輕女及對男關重要性態度改變幅度超過都市非移 動者。此等因素所產生說生育價值的教果抵銷都市非移動者,因多接觸大眾傳播所產生對生 育價值抑制的教果。
This study focuses on the determinants of migrant-nonmigrant fertility differentials in Taiwan with particular attention to ri.lral-to-urban migrants. A socioeconomic model is developed in which the fertility determinants are classified into four broad categories: age characteristics, migration status, background characteristics, and current characteristics. The model is evaluated by analyzing data from a large and representative sample of Taiwanese wives of childbearing åge in 1980 through the use of multiple regression and multiple classification analysis. The fertility of migrants moving from rural to urban area lie in between that of nonmigrants at the place of origin and destination. After adjustment for age or marriage duration and education, the differentials become smal1er but still exist. However, the differentials a.re negligible after further a吐justment for current socioeconomic characteristics. The statistical evidence has shown that migration is weakening extended families and urban environmental influences seem to produce anti-natal values regarding greater involvement in outside activities, greater exposure to mass media, lower son preference, and greater aspirations for children's education for the migrants. These factors explain the fertility differential between urban in-migrants and rural natives of similar demographic and educationalbackgrounds. Perceptions of relative costs of goods and children might also be relevant, but no data on these were written in the survey. The ferti1ity of city in-migrants of rUI叫 origin and that of urban natives ends up about the same, because anti-natal effect of lower male preference and less common importance of a male heir among migrants offset the anti-natal effect of .greater exposure to mass media among urban natives on fertility.


    

本卷期目次
Journal of Population Studies 10期 (1987.6)
台灣人口轉型與老年人口的扶養問題/ 林忠正
DETERMINANTS OF CITYWARD MIGRANTS' FERTILITY: THEORY AND EVIDENCE/ Ming-Cheng Chang
人口週期研究上的一些問題/ 陳寬政
A STUDY OF OCCUPATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT OF MIGRANTS TO KAOHSIUNG CITY, TAIWAN/ Ching-Fu ChangKao-chiao Hsieh
BOOK REVIEWS--Economic Development, Social Structure and Population Growth. By Victor S. D'Souza. First published in 1985 by Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd. ISBN 0-8039-9487-7./ Ming C. Chen
BOOK REVIEWS--Human Migration; W. A. V. Clark, Scientific Geography Series, Volume 7, New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1987, 95 pp./ Lan-Hung Nora Chiang
促使台灣地區婦女生育下降因素之探討--Bongaarts模式的運用/ 羅淑瑞陳曉章
ANALYSIS OF LOCAL MORTALITY VARIATION: CANADIAN CASE STUDY/ Kao-Lee LiawMichael V. HayesRonald G. McAuley
INFANT MORTALITY LEVELS, PATTERNS, AND DIFFERENTIALS IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA/ William K. A. Agyei
PATTERNS OF MORTALITY DIFFERENTIALS BY MARITAL STATUS IN LOW MORTALITY COUNTRIES/ Yow-Hwey Hu
 
   
 
   

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