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dvd臺灣農村規劃的在地美臺灣獵鹿季節
   
   
   
     
   
 
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題名:Problematic Post-Landing Interprovincial Migration of the Immigrants in Canada: from 1980-83 through 1992-95    
加拿大移民落地後的省間遷移:從1980-83年到1992-95年
著者:Kao-Lee Liaw(廖高禮) ;Lei XU(徐蕾)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:社會學
關鍵字:落地後遷移 ; 移民 ; 加拿大 ; 移民類型 ; 教育程度 ; post-landing migration ; immigrants ; Canada ; immigration class ; educational attainment
刊名:Journal of Population Studies
卷期:31期(2005.12)
頁碼:105-152
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

基於IMDB 數據(由加拿大統計局連接移民的落地記錄和報 稅記錄生成的數據系統) ,這篇論文研究了加拿大移民在落地後 三年內(即從1980- 83 年至1992-95 年) 的省間遷移。我們的主 要結論如下: 比起加拿大本地人(the Canada-bom) 和在加拿大居住了5 年以上的移民,加拿大的新移民更傾向於在落地後不久做長距離 的遷移。他們落地後的省間遷移使得移民人口更加集聚在安大略 省(Ontario ) 和不列顛哥倫比亞省(British Columbia) ,而這兩 個省在移民落地的時候就已經擁有了超過它們合理份額的移民。 這種遷移模式與這兩個省擁有較強的經濟,龐大的移民社區及主 要的國際機場有關。移民的進一步聚集是有問題的,因為這樣會 制弱經濟弱省的政治力量。 對於不同的移民類型,投資移民,企業家移民和難民比家庭 團聚型移民和受援助親屬型移民有更強的省間淨遷移。這一點暗 示了移民計劃的修改(即把年度移民接納總量合理分配至不同的 移民類型)可以減弱省間淨遷移的強度。然而由於所有類型的移 民有著同樣的淨遷移模式,這種對移民計劃的修改並不能逆轉移 民在安大略省和不列顛哥倫比亞省的進一步聚集。新移民在省間遷移中顯示出較弱並有些不規則的教育程度 選擇性,這點不同於加拿大本地人。本地人在省間遷移中很強的 教育選擇性造成了經濟弱省在人力資源數量和質量上的損失。雖 然我們的研究結果暗示新移民落地後的遷移(比本地人的省間遷 移)對經濟弱省的人力資源的質量危害較小,我們預測隨著移民 在加拿大居住時間的增長,移民在教育程度選擇性上會變得更像 本地人。 如果安大略和不列顛哥倫比亞與經濟弱省間的持續的巨大 的經濟差異不能夠顯著地減小的話,美國移民在1995 -2000 年州 問遷移中顯示出的普遍的分散模式並不能預示加拿大移民的遷 移模式會有所逆轉。擁有著強大經濟基礎的阿爾伯塔省( Alberta) 是唯一一個有可能從一個移民的淨失者變為長期的淨得者的省 份。
Based on the tabulations ofthe IMDB (a data system created by Statistics Canada by linking the landing records and income tax records of immigrants), this paper studies the post-landing interprovincial migration of the immigrants in Canada during all threeyear periods 企om 1980-83 to 1992-95. Our main findings are as follows. Newly landed immigrants in Canada were much more prone to making long-distance migration soon after landing than were Canadian-bom individuals and immigrants who had resided in Canada for five or more years. Their post-landing migration led to a further concentration of the immigrant population in Ontario and British Columbia which already had more than their “ fair" shares of immigrants at the time of landing. Underlying this pattem of net transfer was the fact that each of these two provinces had a relatively strong economy, large immigrant communiti郎, and a major intemational airport. This further concentration of the relocating immigrants is considered to be problematic in the sense that it contributed to the weakening of the political powers ofthe economically weak provinces. With respect to immigration classes, the interprovincial net transfer was much stronger for those in the investor, entrepreneur, and refugee classes than for those in the family and assisted relatives classes. This finding suggests that the intensity of the net transfer can be reduced by a modification of the immigration plan which allocates the annual total intake of immigrants to different immigration classes. But, since all immigration classes shared the same spatial pattem of net transfer, such a change in the immigration plan can not reverse the further concentration in Ontario and British Columbia. Unlike the very strong educational selectivity in the interprovincial migration ofthe Canadian-bom that resulted in not only a net loss of migrants but also a decrease in the quality of human resources in the economically weak provinces, the educational selectivity in the interprovincial migration of the new immigrants within the first three years after landing tumed out to be rather weak and somewhat irregular. Although this finding suggests that the post-landing migration of the immigrants was less detrimental to the quality of the human resources of the economically weak provinces than was the interprovincial migration of the Canadianbom, we expect that as the immigrants stay longer in Canada, the educational selectivity in the intemal migration of the immigrants would become more similar to that of the Canadian-bom. The deconcentration and widespread dispersal in the 1995- 2000 interstate migration of the immigrants in the United States can not serve as a harbinger for a general reversal in the interprovincial migration of immigrants in Canada, unless the persistently large gap in economic opportunities between Ontario and British Columbia on the one hand and the economically weak provinces on the other can be significantly reduced. With a strong economic base, Alberta is the only province that is likely to change 企om a net loser to a long-term net gainer of relocating immigrants.


    

本卷期目次
Journal of Population Studies 31期 (2005.12)
台灣縣市失業率的長期追蹤研究:1987-2001/ 江豐富劉克智
Problematic Post-Landing Interprovincial Migration of the Immigrants in Canada: from 1980-83 through 1992-95/ Kao-Lee LiawLei XU
出生序、社經地位、婚姻與生育:日治時期竹山、峨眉,和竹北等四個閩客社區的例子/ 謝穎慧莊英章
戰後台灣農村勞動遷徙現象:以小龍村為例/ 李俊豪
 
   
 
   

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