原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:戰後台灣農村勞動遷徙現象:以小龍村為例    
Labor Migration in a Rural Village in Post-War Taiwan
著者:李俊豪(Chun-Hao Li)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:社會學
關鍵字:勞動遷徙 ; 鄉村工業化 ; 經濟結構 ; Labor migration ; Rural industrialization ; Economic structure
刊名:人口學刊
卷期:31期(2005.12)
頁碼:69-103
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

戰後台灣的經濟結構,從農業生產快速地轉變成以工業生產 為主。其中,鄉村工業的興起是國家經濟發展過程重要的一環, 一連串的經濟結構變遷不免影響農業地區人力資源的運用。勞動 遷徙是人力資源運用方式之一,而家庭是農業社會中基本的生產 與消費單元,本研究討論在不同的經濟結構下,家庭內部因素(特 別是,家庭成員對農地與地區內工作機會之可及性)如何影響早 期台灣農村社會的「勞動遷徙」現象。 結果顯示,經濟結構的改變對「勞動遷徙」現象影響甚鉅, 家庭內部因素與家庭勞動移民人數的關聯性主要受制於經濟結 構。隨著經濟結構的改變而興起的鄉村工業發展,造成農業生產 與非農業生產的工作機會同時存在於鄉村地區,進而促使農村居 民改變其人力資源運用方式。特別是,因非農業工作機會提高, 農村居民實踐「勞動遷徙」的必要性因而降低,造成「離農不離 村」的現象。
The postwar Taiwan rapidly shifted from an agriculture-based economy to an industry-based one. This economic development redefined its position in the world economic system. The national economic development accompanied the development of rural industry. The pu中ose of this research is to examine how the changes of economic structure influenced the strategies of uti1izing human resource in rural areas. Labor migration was the major part of the strategies for uti1izing human resources. Therefore, this research focuses on the relationship between the changes of economic structure and labor migration. The research is based on the data collected by B. Gallin and R. S. Gallin in the mid-1960s and the late-1970s from an agrarian village in central Taiwan. The research adopts the family perspective, which suggests that the strategy of utilizing human resources is a part of family sustenance strategies. To face the changes of economic structu間, rural vil1agers develop new strategies of utilizing human resources to ensure the balance between the needs of labor input and family consumption. The resu1ts show the strong relationships between the changes of economic structures and labor migration. Although in the late- 1970s, larger families had more labor migrants than other types of families, facing the increases of rural industrial jobs, villagers developed new strategies for utilizing human resources. While some villagers still decided to migrate to cities, the development of rural industlγincreased the villagers ' possibilities of obtaining nonfarming jobs and farming family land simultaneously. Meanwhile, land-holdings generally were not related to labor migration. This means that during the mid-1960s and the late-1970s, land-holdings did not inf1uence how families developed their strategies for utilizing family human resources


    

本卷期目次
人口學刊 31期 (2005.12)
台灣縣市失業率的長期追蹤研究:1987-2001/ 江豐富劉克智
Problematic Post-Landing Interprovincial Migration of the Immigrants in Canada: from 1980-83 through 1992-95/ Kao-Lee LiawLei XU
出生序、社經地位、婚姻與生育:日治時期竹山、峨眉,和竹北等四個閩客社區的例子/ 謝穎慧莊英章
戰後台灣農村勞動遷徙現象:以小龍村為例/ 李俊豪
 
   
 
   

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