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1
題名:CHILDLESSNESS PATTERNS IN TAIWAN    
台灣的無子女模式
著者:Dudley L. Poston, Jr.(鮑思頓)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:社會學
刊名:Journal of Population Studies
卷期:11期(1988.6)
頁碼:55-78
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

如同南韓、巴西、阿根廷以及其它一些國家屬於近期工業化地區一樣,台灣也是一個新 發展起來的工業化地區。台灣的大規模現代化過程始自1950年國民政府的土地改革方案,至 今日已成為世界發達地區的一個典型。 眾所周知的人口轉變理論表明,生育率的變化反相關於現代化過程。在過去的三十年裡 '台灣的生育率變化也跟隨這種理論模式。 西方的無子女問題研究已經證明,隨著現代化的影響,生育率下降,自願無子女的比例 隨之增加。現代化程度高的低生育率地區,其無子女比例同時亦很高,特別是年青婦女 更日趨於無子女化。相反的,現代化程度低的地區,無子女比例則低。 如果以1980年台灣各地區的社會經濟、人口發展的程度、以及在各地區和主要按市的變 化為基礎,我們期望的結果是其發展程度高的地區,無子比例平也高;發展程度低的地區, 無子女比例則低。我們將使用1980年台灣各地區的人口,住宅調查資料與1980年台灣地區人 口統計資料去驗證這種假設。
Taiwan is a newly developed and industria1ized area, and along with Korea , Brazil, Argentina and a few other countries belongs in a special class of recently industrialized areas. Taiwan has been undergoing large-scale modernization since the early 1950s when the Nationalist government first began IO implement land-reform programs and today is one of the showcase newly developed areas in the world. We know from demographic transition theory that fertility is negatively associated with modemization. During the past three decades , fertility in Taiwan has followed this pattern in a most dramatic manner. Studies of childlessness conducted in Western countries have shown also that as the modernizing influences continue, fertility declines, and childlessness increases as it becomes more and more voluntary. Subregions with the highest levels of modernization and the lowest fertility rates should therefore be characterized by the highest levels of childlessness, particularly among younger women; and vice versa. Given the levels of socioecotlOmic and demographic development in Taiwan and its subregions in the circa-1980 period , as well as its variability among the hsiens and major cities, we would expect to find higher levels of childlessness in the more developed localities , and lower levels in the less developed subareas. This hypothesis is tested with data from the 1980 Census o[ Population and Housing, General Report, Taiwan - Fukien Area (Republic of China, 1982) and the 1980 Taiwan - Fukien Demographic Fact Book (Republic of Ch ina , 1980).


    

本卷期目次
Journal of Population Studies 11期 (1988.6)
台灣地區嬰幼兒死亡率對生育率之影響/ 王德睦
FAMILY STRUCTURE AND FERTILITY IN TAIWAN: AN EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF CALDWELL'S WEALTH FLOWS THEORY/ Ping-Chun Hsiung
URBANIZATION IN TAIWAN: 1900-1985/ Cheng-hung Liao
THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS AND KAP OF TEENAGE MOTHERS IN TAIPEI CITY, 1978/ Chien-Dai Chiang
台灣地區嬰兒性別偏好之初步探討/ 林純瓊
FEMINIST SCHOLARSHIP: AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE/ Janice J. Monk
台灣地區育齡有偶婦女初婚的穩定性研究--從初婚年齡、婚前懷孕與婚姻的決定方式層面探討/ 李棟明
CHILDLESSNESS PATTERNS IN TAIWAN/ Dudley L. Poston, Jr.
FAMILY INTERVENTIONS, LIFE CYCLE, AND REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR OF MARRIED COUPLES IN THAILAND/ Wilawan Kanjanapan
 
   
 
   

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