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題名:台北市低視能病患健康檢查及健康促進生活型態調查     (26點)
HEALTH EXAMINATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION OF THOSE WITH POOR VISION IN TAIPEI
著者:蔡明足(Ming-Tsu Tsai) ;吳宗燕(Tsung-Yen Wu) ;翁林仲(Lin-Chung Woung) ;蔡景耀(Ching-Yao Tsai)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:Low Vision ; Health Examination ; Health-promoting lifestyle
刊名:中華民國眼科醫學會雜誌
卷期:49卷2期(2010.6)
頁碼:141-153
語言:繁體中文
摘要:
目的:根據行政院內政部2009年內政統計年報的資料指出,全台 低視能人士約有狗,504 人,平均每一千名國人中就有一名低視能患 者。流行病學研究發現,低視能患者相較於年齡、性別、健康狀況相 近的正常視力者有較高的死亡率,然而無論是眼科醫師、政府,還是 社會大眾,對這個三萬多人的群體認知十分不足,亦少有研究探討他 們的健康生活狀況。 材料與方法:本研究為一橫斷性研究,受訪對象為2007 年1 月至 2008 年12 月居住於台北市、願意接受健康檢查及量表調查之81 位低視 能患者。資料收集主要包括個人基本資料、生活型態、過去病史、檢 驗結果等相關因子,並做描述性與推論性統計分析探討。 結果:本研究結果發現,研究個素不論男女平均體脂肪率皆為過 高(30.8%) ,身體質量指數(BMI)平均偏高(24.7) ,尿酸(UA)檢驗異常 者將近半數(48.1 %) ,總膽固醇(TC)檢驗異常者佔40.7% ;健康促進生 活型態中「運動J 及「健康責任」項目為需加強的部份。 討論:在全人醫學的觀念下,目良科醫師不僅僅治療眼疾、積極「防 盲」外,也應發揮同理心來「愛盲」。未來應長期追蹤低視能患者健 康檢查結果,並作為低視能健康維護之參考。在低視能健康促進及衛 生教育計畫中,眼科醫護人員應可在專業職場及專業知識的基礎上, 針對低視能患者發展出合適之健康促進生活型態衛教策略,協助低視 能患者除眼睛保健外,達到最佳生活品質。
Purpose: According to the 2009 Statistical Yearbook published by the Minis甘y of Interior, there were 35,504 people suffering from poor vision in Taiwan. Although the previous epiderniological study concluded the mortality rate of patients with poor vision was 趾gher 血an normal people, most researchers, regardless of whether they are ophthalmologists or social workers, know ve可little about the health condition of people with poor vision. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect 81 persons suffering from poor vision, to undergo a health exarnination and questionnaire-based survey in a regional hospital. First, the data was collected with the basic information, lifestyle, history of disease, and laboratory exarnination. Descriptive and conclusive statistics were used to explore the relationship between the lifestyle and health exarnination. Results: The results showed the overall percentage of body fat of those with poor vision was 30.8%. The average body-mass index (BMI) is 24.7, indicating those with poor vision have a higher BMI. Of those with poor vision, 48.1 % had high uric acid and 40.7% had high tota1 cholesterol. Besides ,也ey also need to e曲ance the dimensions of “Exercise" and “Health Responsibility" in promoting a healthy lifestyle. Conclusion: Ultimately, we aim to achieve the goal of health for all. It is the responsibility of ophthalmologists to care for patients suffering from poor vision by promoting healthy activities and strategies, optirnizing their personallife styles, and monitoring their health condition through laboratory data and health exarninations.


    

本卷期目次
中華民國眼科醫學會雜誌 49卷2期 (2010.6)
誘導多功能幹細胞在網膜退化性疾病之應用/ 方怡謨
黃斑圓孔/ 游建章
氧化壓力(oxidative stress)與糖尿病視網膜病變/ 王律鈞
息肉狀脈絡朕血管病變/ 楊長豪
台北市低視能病患健康檢查及健康促進生活型態調查/ 蔡明足吳宗燕翁林仲蔡景耀
EARLY LASER TREATMENT FOR ADVANCED RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY/ Chia-Min WuJia-Kang Wang
QUANTIFICATION OF RETINAL NERVE FIBER LAYER THICKNESS IN HIGHL Y MYOPIC EYES USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY/ Chi-Hsin HsuYung-Feng Shih
CLINICAL AND OCT CHARACTERISTICS OF PERIPAPILLARY DETACHMENT IN PATHOLOGIC MYOPIA/ Tien-Ying Fan ChiangShu-I YehWei-Chun ChanLee-Jen Chen
台灣研究植入多焦點人工水晶體在生活品質及視覺功能之成果/ 謝靜茹何一滔林克忠尤之浩
LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP OF CONGENITALANIRIDIA ──A CASE REPORT/ Yu-Hung GuoAn-Fei LiYu-Chi LiuShui-Mei Lee
ORBITAL EMPHYSEMA──A CASE REPORT/ Wei-Ting LiuChieh-Chih TsaiPei-Yu LinShu-Ching KaoShui-Mei Lee
LEUKEMIC INFILTRATION OF THE OPTIC NERVE WITH INTRAOCULAR EXTENSION IN RELAPSING ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA/ Yao-Chung ChangChun-Yuan Wang
IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF CONJUNCTIVAL MUCOSA-ASSOCIATED LYMPHOID TISSUE LYMPHOMA/ Chia-Hung LiJiann-Tomg ChenHemg-Sheng LeeJy-Been Liang
UPPER EYELID COLOBOMAASSOCIATED WITH CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE──A RARE CASE REPORT/ Hsiu-Fen LinJui-Pin LaiWu-Ping LoHuan-Chen HsuHui YangChing-Liang Kuo
CORNELIA DE LANGE SYNDROME──A CASE REPORT/ Chia-Ming HsuChiu-Tung ChuangPao-Ching ChiuTsun-Tien WuShwu-Jiuan Shen
A RARE CASE OF ORBITAL ROSAI-DORFMAN DISEASE, WITH INTRACRANIAL EXTENSION/ Pei-Fen HsuSui-Chia SungJack Yu-Shin LinChien-Liang Wu
IRIS CYST WITH TREATMENT OF Nd:YAG LASER IRIDOCYSTOTOMY/ Chan-Wei NienHung-Yu LinChing-Yang LinShih-Chun Chao
DIFFUSE IRIS MALIGNANT MELANOMA WITH SECONDARY GLAUCOMA──A CASE REPORT/ Pei-Yuan SuJehn-Yu HuangChi-Huang Hsiao
KIMURA'S DISEASE OF ORBIT AND ELBOW IN AN ASIAN CHILD──A CASE REPORT/ Chin-yun ChenCheng-Hsien ChangShyh-Shih Chiou
UNILATERAL PANUVEITIS AND OCCLUSIVE RETINAL ARTERITIS IN A PATIENT WITH SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS/ Chih-Jen LinYo-Chen ChangKai-Chun ChengWen-Chuan Wu
REFRACTORY ORBITAL PSEUDOTUMOR TREATED SUCCESSFULLY BY POSTERIORLY INTRAORBITAL INJECTION OF TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE──A CASE REPORT/ Hsiang-Wen ChienSzu-Yuan LinI-hua WangJieh-Ren Jou
以雙眼弓漿蟲視網膜目良炎為起始表現的後天免疫缺乏症候群──病例報告/ 何采璇莊秋同龔雅欣吳宗典許淑娟
 
   
 
   

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