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項次 書目
1
題名:ACCOMMODATION AND MYOPIA     (18點)
眼睛調視與近視
著者:Patrick Joi-Tsang Shum(岑在增)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:accommodation ; myopia ; scleral creep ; axial elongation
刊名:中華民國眼科醫學會雜誌
卷期:51卷1期(2012.4)
頁碼:10-18
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

近視是一種屈光異常,當眼睛在沒有調節的狀態下,遠方的物體成像在視網膜前面,使視力不清楚。它的成因很複雜,遺傳和環境方面都是引起近視的原因,遺傳基因決定眼球在先天上的屈光狀態,但後天的環境也會改變眼球發育而引起近視。很多流行病學的研究發現近距離閱讀和工作與近視的形成有很大的相關性,而近視眼在解剖學上是眼球過長而形成的,因此,近調視應與眼軸變長有相關性。近調視是眼睛在看近時,水晶體的屈光力增加和眼軸變長,使近距離物體成像在視網膜上,持續的近調視可能導致眼球外殼彈性疲乏,變長的眼軸不能恢復原狀,而形成近視,眼球愈長,近視愈深。所以,近調視可能是近視形成因子之一。
Myopia is a refractive error of the eye in which the image of a distant object focuses in front of the retina when accommodation is relaxed. The pathogenesis of myopia is very complicated and includes genetic and environmental factors. The refractive status of the eye may be decided on a genetic basis, but visual experiences may also affect the growth of the eye and influence the final refractive status. Many epidemiological studies have shown correlation between near work and myopia. However, the main cause of myopic progression is an increase in axial length and vitreous length of the globe. Therefore, there must be a correlation between near accommodation and axial elongation. Accommodation is the process of focusing on the image of a near object on the retina in which increased lenticular power and lengthening of the eyeball were noted in many studies. A persistent axial elongation in prolonged near viewing may cause structural fatigue of the sclera, which may be one of the factors causing the myopia.


    

本卷期目次
中華民國眼科醫學會雜誌 51卷1期 (2012.4)
使用中文化眼科臨床演練評量評估學習者臨床診療行為之信度分析-初報/ 林信瓊詹社紅李建興孫銘輝馬惠康林耕國王正儀李石增
MANAGEMENT OF A COMPLICATED CASE OF MYCOBACTERIUM ABSCESSUS KERATITIS AFTER LASIK/ Jerry Chien-Chieh HuangKuan-Jen ChenMing-Hui SunJui-Yang LaiChi-Chin Sun
ANALYSIS OF OPHTHALMOLOGY INPATIENT CONSULTATION IN A REGIONAL TEACHING HOSPITAL/ Chau-Yi TanChao-Wei ChuangKuo-Pin ChangPo-Min YangChong-Bin Tsai
TREATMENT OF REFRACTORY BILATERAL IDIOPATHIC ORBITAL INFLAMMATION WITH ADJUNCTIVE RADIOTHERAPY/ Yu-Hao LinSang-Hue YenChieh-Chih TsaiShu-Ching KaoShui-Mei Lee
REFRACTIVE STATUS OF TEENAGERS IN A TAIPEI MUNICIPAL JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL/ Hen-Shen LinLi-Ju ChenJy-Haw Yu
ENDOGENOUS AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA ENDOPHTHALMITIS/ Siu-Fung ChauYu-Chen ChenHin-Yeung Choi
前老年期白內障病患之兩眼不等視/ 李建興侯鈞賀林耕國
ANTERIOR UVEITIS INDUCED BY RETAINED METALLIC FOREIGN BODY IN THE CHAMBER ANGLE AFTER MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING--A CASE REPORT/ Jyh-Cheng LiouMei-Lin PengKuo-Hua Juan
玻璃體內注射腫瘤壞死因子對大鼠視網膜神經節細胞存活之影響/ 張志揚林堯泓葉明功江樵熹呂大文
COMBINED ENDOGENOUS ENDOPHTHALMITIS AND MENINGITIS SECONDARY TO INFECTIOUS ENDOCARDITIS--A CASE REPORT/ Jiun-Yo LinYa-Hsin KungMay-Ching HongShwu-Jiuan Sheu
INTRAVITREAL BEVACIZUMAB INJECTIONS IN CASES OF CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION WITH MACULAR EDEMA-CASE SERIES/ Yung-Ray HsuJen-Shang Huang
PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY AS PRIMARY TREATMENT FOR CHOROIDAL MELANOMA--CASE REPORT/ Chien-Chi TsengSan-Ni ChenJiunn-Feng HwangChun-Ju Lin
ACCOMMODATION AND MYOPIA/ Patrick Joi-Tsang Shum
DELAYED ORBITAL APEX SYNDROME CAUSED BY A WOODEN CHOPSTICK/ Yi-Ching ShaoMei-Ling Peng
INTRAVITREAL INJECTION BEVACIZUMAB FOR VOGT-KOYANAGI-HARADA DISEASE COMPLICATED WITH MACULAR CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULIZATION--A CASE REPORT/ Shih-Hao WangYung-Jen Chen
PATIENT SATISFACTION WITH PHACOEMULSIFICATION CATARACT SURGERY: CORRELATIONS WITH EFFECTIVE PHACO TIME, SURGICAL METHODS, AND GENERAL HEALTH STATUS IN A TERTIARY REFERRAL HOSPITAL IN SOUTHERN TAIWAN/ Yu-Hung LaiHsin-Tien HsuHwei-Zu WangShun-Jen ChangKwou-Yeung Wu
INTRAVITREAL BEVACIZUMAB THERAPY FOR THE TREATMENT OF CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION SECONDARY TO ANGIOID STREAKS: A CASE REPORT/ I-Ting SunChih-Hsin Chen
CANALICULAR STENOSIS SECONDARY TO WEEKLY DOCETAXEL/ Chih-Heng HungI-Hua WangShun-Ling LinI-Chia LiangYu-Ying Chang
PATIENT SATISFACTION WITH PHACOEMULSIFICATION CATARACT SURGERY: CORRELATIONS WITH EFFECTIVE PHACO TIME, SURGICAL METHODS, AND GENERAL HEALTH STATUS IN A TERTIARY REFERRAL HOSPITAL IN SOUTHERN TAIWAN/ Yu-Hung LaiHsin-Tien HsuHwei-Zu WangShun-Jen ChangKwou-Yeung Wu
ACCOMMODATION AND MYOPIA/ Patrick Joi-Tsang Shum
ANTERIOR UVEITIS INDUCED BY RETAINED METALLIC FOREIGN BODY IN THE CHAMBER ANGLE AFTER MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING--A CASE REPORT/ Jyh-Cheng LiouMei-Lin PengKuo-Hua Juan
MANAGEMENT OF A COMPLICATED CASE OF MYCOBACTERIUM ABSCESSUS KERATITIS AFTER LASIK/ Jerry Chien-Chieh HuangKuan-Jen ChenMing-Hui SunJui-Yang LaiChi-Chin Sun
CANALICULAR STENOSIS SECONDARY TO WEEKLY DOCETAXEL/ Chih-Heng HungI-Hua WangShun-Ling LinI-Chia LiangYu-Ying Chang
INTRAVITREAL INJECTION BEVACIZUMAB FOR VOGT-KOYANAGI-HARADA DISEASE COMPLICATED WITH MACULAR CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULIZATION--A CASE REPORT/ Shih-Hao WangYung-Jen Chen
INTRAVITREAL BEVACIZUMAB INJECTIONS IN CASES OF CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION WITH MACULAR EDEMA-CASE SERIES/ Yung-Ray HsuJen-Shang Huang
玻璃體內注射腫瘤壞死因子對大鼠視網膜神經節細胞存活之影響/ 張志揚林堯泓葉明功江樵熹呂大文
ANALYSIS OF OPHTHALMOLOGY INPATIENT CONSULTATION IN A REGIONAL TEACHING HOSPITAL/ Chau-Yi TanChao-Wei ChuangKuo-Pin ChangPo-Min YangChong-Bin Tsai
REFRACTIVE STATUS OF TEENAGERS IN A TAIPEI MUNICIPAL JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL/ Hen-Shen LinLi-Ju ChenJy-Haw Yu
前老年期白內障病患之兩眼不等視/ 李建興侯鈞賀林耕國
使用中文化眼科臨床演練評量評估學習者臨床診療行為之信度分析-初報/ 林信瓊詹社紅李建興孫銘輝馬惠康林耕國王正儀李石增
INTRAVITREAL BEVACIZUMAB THERAPY FOR THE TREATMENT OF CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION SECONDARY TO ANGIOID STREAKS: A CASE REPORT/ I-Ting SunChih-Hsin Chen
DELAYED ORBITAL APEX SYNDROME CAUSED BY A WOODEN CHOPSTICK/ Yi-Ching ShaoMei-Ling Peng
PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY AS PRIMARY TREATMENT FOR CHOROIDAL MELANOMA--CASE REPORT/ Chien-Chi TsengSan-Ni ChenJiunn-Feng HwangChun-Ju Lin
COMBINED ENDOGENOUS ENDOPHTHALMITIS AND MENINGITIS SECONDARY TO INFECTIOUS ENDOCARDITIS--A CASE REPORT/ Jiun-Yo LinYa-Hsin KungMay-Ching HongShwu-Jiuan Sheu
TREATMENT OF REFRACTORY BILATERAL IDIOPATHIC ORBITAL INFLAMMATION WITH ADJUNCTIVE RADIOTHERAPY/ Yu-Hao LinSang-Hue YenChieh-Chih TsaiShu-Ching KaoShui-Mei Lee
ENDOGENOUS AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA ENDOPHTHALMITIS/ Siu-Fung ChauYu-Chen ChenHin-Yeung Choi
 
   
 
   

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