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題名:醫療行為適用無過失責任之研究     (28點)
RESEARCH ON APPLICATION OF ABSOLUTE LIABILITY IN MEDICAL PRACTICE
著者:錢政銘(Jeng-Ming Chian)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:屏東縣
學科:人文綜合 ; 社科綜合
關鍵字:醫療行? ; 醫療事務 ; 無過失責任 ; Medical Practical ; Medical Industry ; Absolute Liability
刊名:大仁學報
頁碼:307-320
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

消費者保護法自民國八十三年公佈實施以來,社會各界對於其適用範圍及無過失責任之架構頗有爭議,尤其是對於醫療服務行?是否納入消費者保護法第七條服務規範內,更是引發醫界與法界熱烈討論。蓋因消費者保護法其立法目的,乃欲將商業經濟行?納入法律體系中,以維持社會公平正義,並賦予企業經營者一定的社會責任,因此有所謂無過失責任形態出現。可是醫療行?與醫療事業,在性質上不僅有專業技術的特性,更具有相當的公益色彩,例如醫師法第六條、第七條、第二十條及第二十四條等,故實與具商業性質之消費行?不同。 八十七年元月台北地方法院以八十五年度訴字第五一二五號民事判決,將醫療服務行?納入消保法規範之列,此?司法實務上首次引用消保法於醫療糾紛案件,其適當與否成?學界研究的焦點。本文除論述分析消保法相關規定及無過失責任之精神與實務認証上的差異外,也試著療服務行?所導致糾紛之處理方式提出解決方法,以?研究之建議,茲將本文基本架構臚列如下: 一、界定醫療服務行?屬專業、公益及具有一定風險之行?,並非消費行?可含括。 二、分析無過失責任目的?補充過失責任之不足及規範企業經營者商業行?。 三、論述八十五年訴字第五一二五號判決援引消保法第七條之缺失。 四、最後建議以增修消保法,明示將醫療行?排除於消保法中服務之範圍及醫療糾紛民事化與醫療責任保險之建立,來解決爭議。
Ever since the Consumer Protection Law was enacted and took effect in 1994, it has been discussed by society at large and academia. There has been much discussion and dissension on how the doctrine of "absolute liability" should be applied, especially the breadth of its scope and if the practice of medicine should be included within the parameters of Item 7 "Service Regulation" of the Consumer Protection Law. This issue has been a hot topic among both the medical world and the legal world. The purpose of the Consumer Protection Law is to put business and economic activities under the regulation of the legal system. By doing this, justice and fairness within society can be achieved, and managers and entrepreneurs will bear a certain degree of social responsibility. This idea is the origination of "absolute liability", However, the practice of medicine and the medical industry not only have the characteristics of a profession but also have the characteristics of benevolence, e.g., Item 6, 7, 20, and 24 of the "Doctor Law", so they are different from the consumption behavior of businesses. In January 1998, one civil precedent 5125 of the Taiwan District Court put the practice of medicine under the regulation of the Consumer Protection Laws. It was the first time in the legal system that the Consumer Protection Law was applied to the practice of medicine. The academic argument and research focus on the appropriateness of such application. This research paper will try to define and explain the Consumer Protection Law and Absolute Liability, analyze the difference between them, and the difference between theory and application. At the same time, this article will also give some recommendation to resolve law suits and disputes arising from the practice of medicine. This research paper is comprised of the following parts: Part 1: Define the practice of medicine as a "profession, which is public interest related and carries a certain degree of risk. It has a broader definition than "Consumer Behaviors". Part 2: Analyze the purpose of "absolute liability," which is to supplement "limited liability" and regulate the management of business companies. Part 3: Demonstrate the false application of Consumer Protection Law Item 7 in civil precedent 5125. Part 4: Recommend the amendment of the Consumer Protection Law to exclude the practice of medicine from the definition of "Service Industry" in the Consumer Protection Law, decriminalize medical disputes and place them within the bailiwick of civil courts, and establish "Medical Practice Insurance" in order to resolve arguments.


    

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