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題名:國小學童對氣喘同儕之關懷態度與關懷效能研究     (44點)
A study on caring attitude and caring efficacy for peers with asthma among elementary school students
著者:張美智(Mei-Chi Chang) ;趙淑員(Shu-Yuan Chao) ;賴香如(Hsiang-Ru Lai)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:同儕關係 ; 國小學童 ; 關懷態度 ; 關懷效能 ; caring attitude ; caring efficacy ; elementary school students ; friendship relation
刊名:健康促進與衛生教育學報
卷期:29期(2008.6)
頁碼:51-72
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本研究主要目的在了解國小學童對氣喘同儕關懷態度及關懷效能的現況,並探 討其與個人背景因素、同儕關靜、、氣喘相關經驗、氣喘相關知識之關條。以九十五學 年度就讀台北市某國小之四、i 、六年級學生為母群體,依年級分層隨機集束抽取 11 班285名學生為樣本,以色編結構式問卷為工具,共得有效樣本284人,有效回收率 99% 。資料以單因子變異分析、皮爾森積差相關和逐步迴歸分析等方法進行分析,結 果如下: 1.研究對象對氣喘同儕多持正何關懷態度,並以對協助氣喘同儕的態度最佳;關 懷效能把握程度佳,且以協助氣喘同儕參與學校活動的把握程度最佳。2.女生的關懷 態度和關懷效能均比男生高。同儕關條、、氣喘相關經驗、氣喘相關知識與關懷態度及 關懷效能呈正相關。3. 同儕關條、和氣喘相關知識是對氣喘同儕關懷態度的最佳預測變 項,可解釋其23.3%的變異量。4. 同儕關條、、氣喘相關知識、氣喘相關經驗、氣喘病史 和母親教育程度是對氣喘同儕關懷效能的最佳預測變項,可解釋35.2%的變異量。依據研究結果,提供學校氣喘管理與教育介入之建議,期望對氣喘學童學校適應 有助益。
The pu中oses of this study were to explore elementary school students' caring attitude and caring efficacy for peers with asthma, and their relationships to individual factors, experience of asthma, knowledge of asthma, and friendship relation. Stratified random cluster sampling was used to select 285 samples from fourth, fifth, and sixth grade students in one Taipei elementary school during the school year of 2006. Two hundred eighty four students provided valid data with a self-administered questionnaire. One-way ANOVA, Pearson product moment correlation, and stepwise regression were utilized. The major results ofthis study were as follows: 1. The subjects' caring attitude toward peers with asthma was positive and caring efficacy for peers with asthma was good. 2. Girls' caring attitude toward and caring efficacy for peers with asthma were higher than those of boys. Friendship relation, experience of asthma, and knowledge of asthma were positively correlated with caring attitude toward and caring efficacy for peers with asthma. 3. Friendship relation and knowledge of asthma were important predictors of caring attitude toward peers with asthma. These two variables could explain 23.3% variance of caring attitude toward peers with asthma. 4. Friendship relation, knowledge of asthma, experience of asthma, asthma history, and mother' s education level were the best predictors of caring efficacy for peers with asthma. These five variables could explain 35.2% variance of caring efficacy for peers with asthma. Finally, recommendations for educational intervention and asthma management in elementary schools are provided.


    

本卷期目次
健康促進與衛生教育學報 29期 (2008.6)
同儕輔導團體介入活動對提昇大學生情緒管理生活技能之成效研究/ 江承曉
身材不滿意之決定因子及身材不滿意對瘦身意圖的影響:以女大學生為例/ 侯心雅盧鴻毅
臺南縣國中生社會資本與幸福感之相關研究/ 黃春太姜逸群黃雅文胡益進
國小學童對氣喘同儕之關懷態度與關懷效能研究/ 張美智趙淑員賴香如
國中健體教師實施自尊與身體意象融入教學意圖研究/ 賴香如吳德敏呂昌明卓俊辰李碧霞溫婉玉葉懿萱余柏欣
機構高血壓老人預防跌倒行為相關因素之探討/ 林淑芬高毓秀
 
   
 
   

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