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1
題名:日治法院檔案的整編與研究    
Compilation and Research of the Taiwan Colonial Court Records Archives
著者:王泰升(Tay-Sheng Wang)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史
關鍵字:日治法院檔案 ; 法院 ; 民事判決 ; 刑事判決 ; 公證 ; 資料庫 ; Taiwan Colonial Court Records Archives (TCCRA) ; Court ; Civil Verdicts ; Criminal Verdicts ; Public Notary ; Database
刊名:臺灣史研究
卷期:16卷1期(2009.3)
頁碼:169-201
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

源、自近代西方的現代型法院﹒臺灣總督府法院,於1 896 年7 月起開始在臺灣 這塊土地上運作,在此之後約半個世紀的歲月裡,深刻影響著日治時期臺灣人民 司法生活。戰後臺灣的司法當局,從2000 年7 月起,函詢日治時期flf 已成立的八 所地方法院,有無與日治時期相闊的裁判資料。至2009 年2 月為止, 已發現且業 經整編者,包含收藏於臺北、新竹、臺中、嘉義等四所地方法院, 以及司法官訓 練所(來自臺中地方法院)內的日治時期司法文書。還有某些日治時期司法文書 收藏於花蓮、高雄兩地方法院, 甚至收藏於地政機關內, 這部份雖已發現但尚未 整編。 目前「已發現且經整編」的日治法院檔案,總數為5 , 645 冊。數量上則以民 事類最多, 其中又以民事判決原本與公證書為最大宗;在刑事類中, 亦以刑事判 決原本為最大宗。民、刑事判決原本和公證書等三類文書所涵蓋的時間, 除民事 判決原本欠缺1895-1914 年外,已貫穿整個日治時期,所涉及的地域約為臺灣西 部嘉義以北。為使用這批史料來深化臺灣法律史研究,筆者從2002 年起率領團隊 進行「日治法院檔案」的整鴿,並與臺大圖書館合作而於2008 年9 月正式敢用「日 治法院檔案資料庫J '提供給國內外研究者為「學術使用」。 日治法院檔案主現了在臺灣的地理和物質條件下, 帶有傳統中國法律文化的 漢人移民,以及多數已被漠化和少數仍持固有法律文化的原住民族, 如何與近代 歐陸式法院,從粹然相遇到逐漸相主調適的整個過程。其可再搭配淡新檔案與1945 年以後的中華民國司法檔案, 以探究從十九世紀到二十一世紀的臺灣司法運作狀 況;亦可據以與同時期的日本內地或其他建民地,以及清末及民國時代中國的司 法文書,進行對比式研究。不過,若欲藉日治法院檔案來探究臺;彎人民的法律生活經驗,則需再搭配各種民問史料的使用。 日治法院檔案的堂富內淌,足以因應各個不同的歷史領域、學科訓練、或特 定議題的研究需求,故其服務對象將非限於臺灣、亦不限於法律史,而包含臺灣 國內外的各類學術工作者。期待這份屬於臺i彎人民的法院檔案,能對人類知識的 累積與當代的文明, 有所貢獻。
The Court ofthe Government-General ofTaiwan, the first modem-style court in Taiwan, began operation in July 1896 and had since then deeply inf1uenced the judiciary and life of Taiwanese for half a century under Japanese colonial rule. In July 2000, the judicial authorities of post-war Taiwan launched a search for judicial records related to the Japanese colonial era in eight District Courts that were established before 1945. By February 2009, colonial judicial documents stored in District Courts of Taip白, Hsinchu, Taichung (some of the original documents had been moved to the Training Institute for Judges and Prosecutors) and Chiayi had been retrieved and reorganized, while part of those stored in the district courts in Hualian and Kaohsiung, and even in land offices had also been recovered but still waited further reorganization. In order to deepen our understanding of Taiwan legal history through these precious materials, 1 had worked with my team to reorganize the recovered colonial court records since 2002. With joint effort from the NTU library, the database of the Taiwan Colonial Court Records Archives (TCCRA) was finally compiled and made available in September 2008 to scholars worldwide for academic research. At the present stage, the TCCRA consists of 5,645 volumes of reorganized judicial documents, including 4,139 volumes of civil case documents, 1,216 volumes of criminal case documents, and other judicial administrative documents. The archives comprise mainly originals of civil and criminal verdicts as well as notarized contracts. These data cover the entire Japanese colonial era (except for civil verdicts between 1895 and 1914) and concem the area in westem Taiwan north of Chiayi geographically. The TCCRA reveals the sudden encounter of Han immigrants who carriedwith them traditional Chinese legal culture and the aboriginals, those assimilated with Han culture and those retaining their indigenous legal culture, with the modem continental court system, and the process of their mutual adaptation in colonial Taiwan. In combination with the Tan-hsin Archives and the judicial archives of the Republic of China after 1945, the TCCRA can be utilized to examine the operation of Taiwan's judicial system under different regimes over the last two centuries. Comparative study can also be made between the TCCRA and judicial documents produced in other parts of Imperial Japan or in Qing and Republican China. Nevertheless, because the TCCRA contain mainly official documents, private documents should also be used as supplements to obtain an overall perspective of legallife experience among Taiwanese. The abundant resources available from the TCCRA could meet many intellectual needs of researchers from different fields and various disciplines or concemed with specific issues. Thus, potential users of the TCCRA should not be restricted to students of legal history, but open to the whole academic community. The TCCRA are expected to contribute to both the accumulation of knowledge and the civilization of humank:ind.


    

本卷期目次
臺灣史研究 16卷1期 (2009.3)
帝國邊區的客庄聚落:以清代屏東平原為中心(1700-1890)/ 陳秋坤
戰後新興工業化國家的技術移轉:以臺灣造船公司為個案分析/ 洪紹洋
日治法院檔案的整編與研究/ 王泰升
熟番地權的「消滅」:岸裡社平埔族大小租業的流失與結束/ 柯志明
日治時期臺灣傳統文人的女性觀/ 李毓嵐