原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
dvd第一線服務人員幽默感第一線服務人員之情緒千絲萬縷
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:國民帝國日本的異法域統合與差別    
Integration and Discrimination in the Japanese Nation-empire
著者:山室信一(Shinichi Yamamuro) ;譯者:陳姃湲 ;校訂:鍾淑敏
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史
關鍵字:國民帝國 ; 異法域統合 ; 統合 ; 差別(格差) ; 共通法 ; Nation-empire ; Union of Different Legal Zones ; Integration ; Discrimination ; Common Law
刊名:臺灣史研究
卷期:16卷2期(2009.6)
頁碼:1-22
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

明治日本建構國民國家的經驗,影響到其領有殖民地,也影響到明治國家轉變 為殖民帝國過程中的改變。但是明治憲法中並沒有任何關於日本領地或擁有殖民地 之規定。因此,明治憲法的起草人未曾預想領有殖民地的可能性,也沒有考慮擁有 殖民地時的法律地位以及應該如何統治管理的問題。 獲得臺灣、朝鮮、樺太及關東州等地後,日本將其部分憲法延伸適用於這些殖 民地時,對於母國以及建民地之國民並未適用統一的法律。而且,不論採行何種法 律政策,日本必須先考慮各地社會中的法制狀態,才能決定法律的適用與否。因此 明治國家就不得不採行由異法域結合構成的帝國體系。在此帝國結構下,人們以及 適用於他們身上的法律規範並不是任意的交錯滲雜,而是刻意建構出不同的權利與 義務,其中本國居於最優越的地位。 帝國內的異法域之間有不同的法律象統與適用情況,而且有各自不同的裁判象 統。為解決這種異法域之間所衍生的問題,日本在1 9 1 8 年實施共通法,欲在以往 施行不同民事與刑事法律及法規的異法域之間建立統一的適用規則, 希望達到全國 為同一法域的理想。 作者在本文將嘗試以國民帝國的概念來釐清整個日本帝國的特質,不過在此也 要特別強調其具有兩個不同面向, 因為它是將國民國家與殖民地帝國融合為一體之 意。不過作者同時也指出, 正因包含著國民國家與建民地帝國兩個彼此矛盾的基 礎,故無法避免國民帝國本身隱含著自我矛盾的潛在趨勢。 明治國家在法律結構上直到最後都無法擺脫做為異法域結合體的法律結構。對 不同法域中被迫加入帝國臣民行列的人而言, 他們所負擔的義務遠遠超過了所享受 的有限權利。
The experience of Meiji Japan in establishing a nation state influenced its govemance of the colonies acquired and also its transformation into a colonial empire. However, the Meiji Constitution did not contain any provisions conceming either Japanese dominion or possession of colonies. The drafters had never envisaged any possibility of Japan becoming a colonizer; and hence, left absolutely no groundwork conceming the legal status of colonies, or their govemance. After acquiring Taiwan, Korea, Karafuto (Sakhalin) and Kantoushu, Japan applied its Constitution to these colonies but the people of Japan and its colonies were not govemed by the same laws. Due consideration was first given to the conditions of the local legal system before any policy, laws and regulations were to be implemented in the colonies. Thus, the Meiji imperial empire was in reality a union of different legal zones. Neither the people within the empire nor the laws applied to them were unified. Not only the people seldom intermingled, differential rights and obligations were often consciously constructed, with the home country given the most privileged position. When complicated further the situation was that the colonies all had different legal and court systems. Such chaotic status naturally led to conflicts and disputes in the legal arena. To resolve the problem would require the institution of a unified legal system for the entire empire and the enactment of a common law for universal govemance. In 1918, in an attempt to realize the ideal of a unified legal zone throughout the Japanese empire, a common law went into effect. In this paper, 1 will elucidate the characteristics of the whole Japanese empire using the concept of nation-empire, which contains two dimensions, the nation state and the colonial empire. In particular, 1 will emphasize that the construction of a nation-empire involved gradual integration ofthese two dimensions. Nevertheless, integration was nevereasy due obviously to the abovementioned difference and discrimination. Ultimately, the attempt of Meiji Japan in achieving integration and eliminating discrimination within the union of different legal zones tumed out to be futile. In particular, for those who were coerced into becoming imperial subjects, their heavy and many obligations far exceeded the narrow and limited rights bestowed upon them.




本卷期目次
臺灣史研究 16卷2期 (2009.6)
國民帝國日本的異法域統合與差別/ 山室信一;譯者:陳姃湲;校訂:鍾淑敏
國際農糧體制與臺灣的糧食依賴:戰後臺灣養豬業的歷史考察/ 劉志偉
2007年臺灣史研究的回顧與展望/ 許雪姬
大人宮翁家族譜與道壇源流考述/ 謝聰輝
日治時期臺南高等工業學校之入學問題與族群關係/ 王耀德
書評--臺灣國族認同的連續或斷裂?評《臺灣人的抵抗與認同1920-1950》/ 吳彥明
日本帝國殖民地的戰時糧食統制體制:臺灣與朝鮮的比較研究(1937-1945)/ 李力庸
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.