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dvdDiy扣件原住民教育困境資優生
   
   
   
     
   
 
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1
題名:視而不見:地稅改革下的岸裡社番小租    
The Invisible Small-rent: Aborigine Small-rent Land Right of Anli Tribe in Land Tax Reforms under Qing and Japanese Colonial Rule
著者:柯志明(Chih-Ming Ka)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史
關鍵字:國家 ; 族群 ; 地稅改革 ; 熟番地權 ; State ; ethnic groups ; land tax reform ; aborigine land rights
刊名:臺灣史研究
卷期:15卷1期(2008.3)
頁碼:31-79
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本文以岸裡社為案例探討在清末劉銘傳清賦(1886-1889)及日治初土地調查(1898-1905)兩大地稅改革中政府一直視而不見的番小租地權。自從清末撤除對熟番地榷的特惠保護後,由於劉銘傳的地稅改革將番租一概視為大租強制減租(「減四留六」)並削弱其租個條件,而加速惡化其流失。在日治初的地稅改革程,番小租仍舊被官方與學者誤解扭曲為大租類型,歸入「大租權消滅」的程序內一併處理。有意無意悶,番小租-一個構成熟番地權關鍵部分而且攸關平埔族生計利益的番租類型-竟被歷史遺漏掉了。本文透過殖民政府內部文件與地籍資料揭露,日治初地稅改革過程中,土地調查局原先刻意否認番小租,及至岸殺手土抗爭不斷與引入司法訴訟後,終於不得不承認、其存在並介入協調番漢和解,透過公證議價(小租時價)賣斷給漢人。有鑑於土地調查局對於番小租地權認定的先後不一,作者質疑並檢撿了前述官方與學者「番租即大租」的說法。藉由重新發現與探討這個一向受到輕忽的重要番租類型,本文試圖還原裡社番漢間土地租佃安排之全貌,並藉由番小租復現的過程呈現清帝國與現代殖民國家在治理型態與法律文化上的差異。
This article explores the aborigine small-rent land right, which was rendered invisible in successive land tax reforms by Liu Ming-chuan in late Qing Taiwan (1886-1889) and the Japanese colonial government (1898-1905). With the abolition of preexisting favorable protection of plain aborigine land rights in late Qing Taiwan, the aborigine small-rent had been misclassified as big-rent by officials and scholars alike. When land tax reforms were introduced to establish a modern land ownership system an d abolish big-rent land right, the dissolution of aborigine land rights were exacerbated by government intervention through compulsory rent reduction (big-rent reduced by 40%) and further weakening of the aborigines' bargaining power. Using the case study of Anli Tribe, the author uncovers official archives and cadastral survey data of the colonial land tax reforms to rectify the aforementioned "big-rent reductionism" of aborigine land rights. Since small-rent constituted the bulk of rent income and was essential to subsistence, Anli Tribe resisted persistently its disadvantageous misrepresention as big-rent. Through protests to the colonial administration as well as appeals to the judiciary, the course was finally reversed under the colonial land tax reform with the aborigine small-rent formally recognized and its original status restored in 1903, while a negotiation for its buyout by the Ha ns at due (small-rent) prices was settled. Tracing the re-emergence of Anli aborigine small-rent, this study reassesses the land tenure arrangements between Hans an d plain aborigines, and explores the differences in governance patterns and legal culture between Qing Empire and the Japanese modern colonial state.


    

本卷期目次
臺灣史研究 15卷1期 (2008.3)
荷蘭統治時期之?社制度/ 吳聰敏
1949年前後來臺的上海商人/ 謝國興
視而不見:地稅改革下的岸裡社番小租/ 柯志明
軍需產業與邊區政策:臺拓在東臺灣移民事業的轉向/ 林玉茹
 
   
 
   

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