原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
dvdWilely nan虯髯客傳企業導入ERP並進行
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:炎起爨下薪─清代臺灣的燃料利用與燃料產業發展    
Utilization of Fuel and Development of Fuel Industry in Qing Taiwan
著者:曾品滄(Pin-Tsang Tseng)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史
關鍵字:燃料 ; 燃料產業 ; 相思樹 ; 木炭 ; 木村 ; ; fuel ; fuel industry ; Taiwan acacia ; charcoal ; timber ; coal
刊名:臺灣史研究
卷期:15卷2期(2008.6)
頁碼:37-78
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

燃料是生活中重要物資,燃料的取得與利用也是生活史、經濟史以及環境史的重要研究題材。本文分析清代臺灣的燃料利用形態、燃料消費市場,並據以論述燃料產業的?展脈絡,從本文的討論可知,清代臺灣使用的燃料主要有四種:作物秸稈、柴薪、木炭、煤炭等。農業人口多以作物秸稈為燃料,非農業人口則以柴薪和木炭為主要燃料,後者的消費需求構成清代臺灣主要的燃料商品市場。分析每人平約燃料消費量,若全以柴薪計算,在同治、光緒年間,每人每年約消耗0.9-1.0公噸的木柴燃料。因清中葉以降人口增多、消費市場擴大,天然林木卻逐浙減少,導致燃料資源價值提升。尤其清末時因烘焙茶葉所需,木炭的用量迅速增加,栽植、經營相思樹林遂成為新興的高利潤產業。燃料產業乃從原來是窮人生業、冒險家致富事業,一躍而成責本家的殖產新樂園,中北部富商地主紛紛投入造林活動,開啟臺灣能源產業資本主義化的新趨勢。
As fuel is an important material in daily life, its acquirement and utilization is thus a significant subject of research in life history, economic history as well as in environmental history. This paper first examines how fuel was consumed and traded in Qing Taiwan, and then traces the development of the wood-for-fuel industry. Four major types of fuel, namely straw, timber, charcoal and coal, were used in Qing Taiwan. Among them, straw was used mainly by people engaged in agricultural production. With the rest of the population using timber and charcoal, the consumption demand for timber and charcoal thus constituted the main market of fuel in Qing Taiwan. During the reigns of Emperors Tongzhi (同治) and Guangxu (光緒), the consumption of timber per capita was around 0.9-1.0 ton. Since the mid-Qing Dynasty, increase in population led to further growth in the market of fuel. However, decrease in natural forests caused the price of fuel to soar. In particular, towards the end of Qing Dynasty, the demand of fuel increased rapidly because of the growing need for roasting tea leaves. Under such circumstances, the planting and sale of Taiwan acacia, an alternative source of fuel, emerged as a new industry, which promised significant profits. Consequently, the wood-for-fuel transformed from a necessity of the poor into a business for opportunists, and finally became a new venture for colonial capitalists. Many rich businessmen and landlords in central and northern Taiwan joined the afforestation industry, and such development initiated a new trend toward capitalization of the fuel industry in Taiwan.


    

本卷期目次
臺灣史研究 15卷2期 (2008.6)
新港有個臺灣王─十七世紀東亞國家主權紛爭小插曲/ 翁佳音
從二二八到白色恐怖─以李媽兜案?例/ 歐素瑛
炎起爨下薪─清代臺灣的燃料利用與燃料產業發展/ 曾品滄
從三種演歌來看重層殖民下的臺灣圖像─重組「類似」凸顯「差異」再創自我/ 陳培豐
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.