原名「台灣學術線上」
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dvdDiy扣件原住民教育困境資優生
   
   
   
     
   
 
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題名:抗日集體記憶的民族化:臺灣一九七○年代的戰後世代與日據時期臺灣新文學    
Nationalizing Collective Memory in 1970s Taiwan: The Postwar Generation and Its "Rediscovery" of Taiwanese Colonial Literature as Anti4apanese Resistance
著者:蕭阿勤(A-Chin Hsiau)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史
關鍵字:認同 ; 敘事 ; 民族主義 ; 集體記憶 ; 公共領域 ; 日據時期臺灣新文學 ; Identity ; narrative ; nationalism ; collective memory ; public sphere ; Taiwanese colonial literature
刊名:臺灣史研究
卷期:9卷1期(2002.6)
頁碼:181-239
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本文分析臺灣一九七○年代對日據時期臺灣新文學的重新探索與公共領域中抗日集體記憶建構的關係,指出當時在回歸鄉土文化潮流中對日據時期臺灣新文學的熱烈回顧,主要是由戰後成長或出生的年輕世代成員所進行的。這些戰後世代成員憑藉一個中國民族主義的集體經驗敘事模式,將這一段文學的往事「民族化」為在台灣的中國人抗日的民族傳統。當時戰後世代在政治社會情境變動中重新建構日據下臺灣新文學的集體記憶,籍著探索過去以尋求當前與未來意識和行動的指引,其集體自我與集體過去的建構是相互辯證的。這種集體記憶重構的社會政治行動意涵,則是體制內改良主義的,相應於這個時期戰後世代的社會政治變革主張。對本省籍戰後世代成員而言,這種集體記憶的重構,目的在使本省人的過去及其中國性在公共領域獲得確認,進而使本省人的公民身份被充分承認,獲得平等的公民權與政治權。本文最後也指出,反省自我與自我對歷史的理解如何受到特定主體位置的影響,是恰當地理解過去的必要條件。
This paper analyses how during the 1970s Taiwan's postwar generation rediscovered Taiwanese literature written during the Japanese colonial period and how that literature represented a form of anti-Japanese resistance. Ⅰ argue that the postwar generation drew upon a Chinese nationalist narrative of history to "nationalize" the island's colonial literary past so as to claim affinity with a Chinese nationalist discourse of anti-Japanese resistance. The exploration of the past helped this generation to make sense of the dramatic sociopolitical changes affecting Taiwan in the 1970s and, in turn, to form a sense of their collective self. The dialectical relationship between collective memory and the present, however, was also infused with contemporary political meaning. Ⅰ reveal how the construction of the collective memory carried politically reformist implications that reflected the postwar generation's social and political activism during the 1970s. For members of that generation who were born in Taiwan and whose parents suffered under Japanese colonialism, the rediscovery of their colonial literary past as a form of anti-Japanese resistance constituted a political claim to "Chineseness" and therefore a demand that Taiwanese were equally full citizens of the Chinese state. This case study suggests that although such a form of subjectivity based upon the nationalization of collective memory might serve to advance immediate political goals, ultimately it constitutes a barrier to understanding Taiwan's past and thus to enlightenment.


    

本卷期目次
臺灣史研究 9卷1期 (2002.6)
國策會社的邊區開發機制:戰時臺灣拓殖株式會社在東臺灣的經營管理系統/ 林玉茹
戰後糧政體制的建立與土地制度轉型過程中的國家、地主與農民(1945-1953)/ 劉志偉柯志明
抗日集體記憶的民族化:臺灣一九七○年代的戰後世代與日據時期臺灣新文學/ 蕭阿勤
戰後初期之臺灣國有林經營問題:以國有林伐採制度?個案(1945-1956)/ 洪廣冀
 
   
 
   

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