原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:新發現十五件新港文書的初步解讀    
Preliminary Interpretations of the 15 Recently Uncovered Sinkang Manuscripts
著者:李壬癸(Paul Jen-Kuei Li)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史
關鍵字:西拉雅 ; 新港文書 ; 契約文書 ; 姓名制 ; 轉寫 ; 消失 ; Siraya ; Sinkang manuscripts ; naming system ; extinct language ; transcription
刊名:臺灣史研究
卷期:9卷2期(2002.12)
頁碼:1-68
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本論文的研究主題是要嘗試解讀新近才發現的十五件新港文書。除了一件是用漢字書寫的以外,其餘的十五件都是用西拉雅語以羅馬字母拼寫的契約文書,而且都只是單語的。我們所要進行的工作有這幾項,(一)轉寫(transcribe)這些手寫的書寫體為印刷體字母,因為有些字母不容易辨認;(二)嘗試逐字翻譯,包括實詞與虛詞;(三)決定詞界,有些語詞的書寫方式是幾乎每個音節都分開來寫,得要連起來才能成為有意義的個別語詞,也才能解讀;(四)嘗試解讀各件文書的內容。最大的困難是今日已沒有人會說西拉雅語了。我們一方面要藉助於村上直次郎一書中所錄的那些新港文書的文字和內容,另一方面也要藉助於小川當年對該書中的各種契約文書所做的整理工作。此外,我們也要參考最近幾年Adelaar跟Tsuchida(土田滋)對西拉雅語法結構的研究報告。根據以上這些基礎的而又重要的工作,希望能夠進一步解讀新發現的這一批新港文書。本研究有一些新的成果:第一,最後一件新港文書寫於一八一八年,而Steere在一八七三年所找到的八十多歲老人只記得一些單字,因此我們可以推斷西拉雅語大約在一八三○年左右就已消失;第二,西拉雅的姓名制有如跟它血緣接近的噶瑪蘭一樣,男女有別,有名也有姓,似為母女(或父子)連名制。
Professor Joseph Beal Steere (1842-1940) was among the first scholars to acquire some Sinkang manuscripts. These deeds and contracts written in romanized Siraya come from southern Taiwan mostly of the eighteenth century, but they were only recently rediscovered in the Museum of Anthropology of the University of Michigan, where they had lain since Steere's retirement or death. In February 1999, Professor Henry Wright, curator of archaeology and professor of anthropology at the university, forwarded to me some 20 photocopied pages of the Sinkang manuscripts to determine whether the originals were of any value and therefore worth conserving. My assist ant, Miss Chin-w en Chien, and I found that two of them were already contained in Murakami (1933:52, 67), that two were simply lists of personal or place names, that an other was written in Chinese, but that the rest were of some interest and had never appeared in print before. These latter are in the Siraya language. They are handwritten documents on heavy hand-made paper, dating somewhere between 1730 and 1810. We have been studying these to see if there is anything new to be learned from them. Fortunately we do have a few resources to aid our interpretation of these newly-uncovered Siraya texts: (1) The 21 bilingu al Siraya-Chinese documents contained in Murakami's 1933 collection of 101 Sinkang manuscripts; (2) a wordlist and glosses for some of Murakami's texts prepared by the late Professor Naoyoshi Ogawa; (3) recent linguistic studies of Siraya by Adelaar (1997, 1999, 2000) and Tsuchida (1996, 1999) that provide a good basis for under standing Siraya grammar. Unfortunately, many problems still remain with the texts under consideration. Interpreting the texts was made particularly difficult by the following points: (1) Siraya is an extinct language, and there are no native speakers to consult; (2) many words have never been encountered before and their meanings are unknown; (3) word boundaries are not always evident; (4) spelling is inconsistent; (5) it is difficult to distinguish the letter from, from, from, from, or from <0>; or (6) some of the handwriting is simply illegible. The system of personal names comes out clearly in these documents. The naming system of Siraya is similar to that of Kavalan, a closely related language. As is true for other Formosan languages, Siraya distinguishes between male and female names. Each person has both a given name and surname. The latest Sinkang manuscript was written in 1818; the 80 year-old Siraya woman whom Steere consulted in 1873 could only remember a few dozen words, but no sentences. We surmise that the Siraya language became extinct around 1830.




本卷期目次
臺灣史研究 9卷2期 (2002.12)
新發現十五件新港文書的初步解讀/ 李壬癸
展示臺灣:一九○三年大阪內國勸業博覽會臺灣館之研究/ 呂紹理
去殖民與再殖民的對抗:以一九四六年「臺人奴化」論戰?焦點/ 陳翠蓮
對於嘉義縣新港?板頭村遺址出土陶瓷年代的一點意見/ 謝明良
清代塔樓社人社餉負擔與產權變遷(1710-1890)/ 陳秋坤
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.