原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:清代塔樓社人社餉負擔與產權變遷(1710-1890)    
Tribal Taxes and the Transformation of Property Rights among the Dalou Tribe during the Qing Period (1710-1890)
著者:陳秋坤(Qiu-Kun Chen)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:歷史
關鍵字:荷蘭東印度公司 ; 塔樓社人 ; 社餉 ; 番界 ; 隘寮 ; 土地租佃 ; 產權買賣 ; Dutch East India Company ; Dalou tribe ; tribal tax ; tribal boundary ; property rights
刊名:臺灣史研究
卷期:9卷2期(2002.12)
頁碼:69-102
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

一九○三年日本在大阪舉辦了「第五回內國勸業博覽會」,並且在會場內配置了極為明顯的空間以展示殖民地臺灣,這是日本統治臺灣八年之後,首度將殖民地呈現於也人面前的展示,同時還邀集了大批臺灣士紳赴日參觀。本文嘗試藉著此次博覽會,探討日本如何呈顯殖民地臺灣?進入會場的日本臣民用何種眼光來觀看理解臺灣?赴日參觀此次博覽會的臺灣士紳,他們眼中所看到的臺灣館、博覽會和日本本國又是何種面貌與景象?而這些觀看活動的背後對應了何種政治、經濟與社會文化的現象?本文發現,臺灣館的展示出現策展者伊能嘉矩與殖民政府理念不合的問題,顯示殖民者對於如何呈顯臺灣,以及如何理解臺灣,仍處在異質而紛殊的狀態。策展者理性精心設計的展示內容,觀者卻自有其解讀的脈絡,許多日人看完臺灣館後仍然認為臺灣多野番土匪,顯示臺灣館並未成功地將日本治臺的成果灌輸給日本人。至於「殖產興業」、〔文明開化」這兩項博覽會所欲展示的主流價值,則成功地傳達給參觀大阪博覽會的臺灣士紳,然而臺人歡藉博覽會所吸收到新知改善教育與經濟環境,卻面臨總督府的層層制約,顯示博覽會即便傳遞了「殖產興業」的共同主流價值,但在現實層面上,臺灣仍然得放置在殖民地的遠端後進位置,不能任意超越母國。
This paper describes the origins of tribal taxes and the function of a government-created tribal boundary on the Pingtung plain during the Qing period. I al so analyze land contracts of the Dalou tribe to illuminate the relationship between tribal people's living conditions and the transformation of indigeneous property rights. I argue that the tribal taxes recorded in local Qing gazetteers were mostly deduced from quotas established under the Ming loyalist regime of the Zhengs, These tax records appear to be a register of the tribal population, yet in fact, they a re actually records of tax quotas and do not reflect the actual population of the tribe. Although these tax records detailed a fixed number of men and women liable to taxation, in practice the government levied taxes on the entire tribe and not on individuals, In addition to government taxation, the creation of a tribal boundary affected the local tribes. Qing local officials erected boundary markers a long the foothills of the Dawu Mountain cha in after the Zhu Yigui rebellion of 1721. I argue that some members of the Dalou tribe sold their land to join a new reclamation project near the boundary line while simultaneously maintaining ownership over older fields around the banks of the Gao ping river (a.k.a. lower Tamsui river). As a result of extensive contact with Chinese settlers and the Qing state, tribal peoples like the Dalou adopted the customary property rights practices of the Chinese settlers. Indigenes began to monetize their rights to cultivate lands for money through mortgages, redemptions, an d outright sales.


    

本卷期目次
臺灣史研究 9卷2期 (2002.12)
新發現十五件新港文書的初步解讀/ 李壬癸
展示臺灣:一九○三年大阪內國勸業博覽會臺灣館之研究/ 呂紹理
去殖民與再殖民的對抗:以一九四六年「臺人奴化」論戰?焦點/ 陳翠蓮
對於嘉義縣新港?板頭村遺址出土陶瓷年代的一點意見/ 謝明良
清代塔樓社人社餉負擔與產權變遷(1710-1890)/ 陳秋坤
 
   
 
   

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